YamasakiFylesEggerEtAl1998

Référence

Yamasaki, S.H., Fyles, J.W., Egger, K.N. and Titus, B.D. (1998) The effect of Kalmia angustifolia on the growth, nutrition, and ectomycorrhizal symbiont community of black spruce. Forest Ecology and Management, 105(1-3):197-207.

Résumé

Kalmia angustifolia L. is an ericaceous shrub that frequently invades black spruce (Picea mariana Mill.) clear-cuts in central Newfoundland. Field observations suggest that on many sites where K. angustifolia grows, black spruce seedlings become chlorotic and stunted. Previous laboratory research has suggested that allelochemicals of K. angustifolia affect the growth and development of black spruce as well as the growth of certain ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi associated with black spruce. Black spruce seedlings close to (< 1 m) and far from (> 1 m) K. angustifolia were sampled from a clear-cut in central Newfoundland. The ECM community structure, degree of mycorrhizal infection, height, mass, root:shoot ratio, and the foliar concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg of spruce seedlings growing close to and far from K. angustifolia were examined. Seedlings close to K. angustifolia had significantly lower foliar concentrations of N and P, had a lower rate of mycorrhizal infection, and were more frequently associated with Phialocephala dimorphospora Kendrick, a potential root pathogen of black spruce, than seedlings growing far from K. angustifolia. There were positive linear relationships between black spruce foliar N concentration and total seedling height and biomass for seedlings growing away from K. angustifolia, but not for seedlings in close proximity to K. angustifolia. Hypotheses suggesting possible roles for nutrient competition, allelopathy, and K. angustifolia's ability to increase the occurrence of the pseudomycorrhizal P. dimorphospora on black spruce are proposed.

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@ARTICLE { YamasakiFylesEggerEtAl1998,
    AUTHOR = { Yamasaki, S.H. and Fyles, J.W. and Egger, K.N. and Titus, B.D. },
    TITLE = { The effect of Kalmia angustifolia on the growth, nutrition, and ectomycorrhizal symbiont community of black spruce },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 105 },
    PAGES = { 197-207 },
    NUMBER = { 1-3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 29 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00285-5 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Yamasaki, S.H.; Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus 21; 111 Lakeshore road Ste-Anne de Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada References: Amundson, R.G., Hadley, J.L., Fincher, J.F., Fellows, S., Alscher, R.G., Comparisons of seasonal changes in photosynthetic capacity, pigments, and carbohydrates of healthy sapling and mature red spruce and of declining and healthy red spruce (1992) Can. J. For. Res., 22, pp. 1605-1616; Banfield, C.E., Climate (1983) Biogeography and Ecology of the Island of Newfoundland, pp. 37-106. , South, G.R. (Ed.), Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague; Bremmer, J.M., Determination of nitrogen in soils by the Kjeldahl method (1960) J. Agric. 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    ABSTRACT = { Kalmia angustifolia L. is an ericaceous shrub that frequently invades black spruce (Picea mariana Mill.) clear-cuts in central Newfoundland. Field observations suggest that on many sites where K. angustifolia grows, black spruce seedlings become chlorotic and stunted. Previous laboratory research has suggested that allelochemicals of K. angustifolia affect the growth and development of black spruce as well as the growth of certain ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi associated with black spruce. Black spruce seedlings close to (< 1 m) and far from (> 1 m) K. angustifolia were sampled from a clear-cut in central Newfoundland. The ECM community structure, degree of mycorrhizal infection, height, mass, root:shoot ratio, and the foliar concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg of spruce seedlings growing close to and far from K. angustifolia were examined. Seedlings close to K. angustifolia had significantly lower foliar concentrations of N and P, had a lower rate of mycorrhizal infection, and were more frequently associated with Phialocephala dimorphospora Kendrick, a potential root pathogen of black spruce, than seedlings growing far from K. angustifolia. There were positive linear relationships between black spruce foliar N concentration and total seedling height and biomass for seedlings growing away from K. angustifolia, but not for seedlings in close proximity to K. angustifolia. Hypotheses suggesting possible roles for nutrient competition, allelopathy, and K. angustifolia's ability to increase the occurrence of the pseudomycorrhizal P. dimorphospora on black spruce are proposed. },
    KEYWORDS = { Allelopathy Ectomycorrhizae Ericaceae Nutrient competition Piceo mariana allelochemical black spruce ectomycorrhiza growth mycorrhiza nutrition Canada, Newfoundland Kalmia angusifolia Kalmia angustifolia Phialocephala dimorphospora Picea mariana },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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