SubairFylesO'Halloran1999

Référence

Subair, S., Fyles, J.W. and O'Halloran, I.P. (1999) Ammonia volatilization from liquid hog manure amended with paper products in the laboratory. Journal of Environmental Quality, 28(1):202-207.

Résumé

Losses of N from livestock operations due to ammonia (NH3) volatilization from animal wastes is a major source of pollution in Europe and North America, and represents a significant economic loss. Paper products have potential as amendments to reduce NH3 loss because their high carbon (C) and low nitrogen (N) contents would be expected to cause N immobilization. Reduction in NH3 volatilization from liquid hog manure (LHM) by paper bag (PB), filter paper (FP), newsprint (NP), and pulp sludge (PS) added at 2.5 and 5% (fresh LHM weight) was evaluated in a 56 d incubation study. Cumulative NH3 volatilization ranged between 28 to 53% of initial manure N. When the rate increased from 2.5 to 5%, NH3 volatilization was reduced by 47, 40, 37, and 29%, respectively, compared to the control. Increasing the rate increased the amount of C lost from the LHM and reduced the net mineralization of organic N immobilization. Liquid hog manure pH was negatively correlated with C loss, indicating that microbial decomposition of paper amendments lowered manure pH but this effect did not appear to be important in controlling NH3 volatilization. Paper lignin content was not correlated with the loss of C, manure pH, or NH3 volatilization, suggesting that the effectiveness of paper products in reducing NH3 volatilization is not controlled by lignin content but rather by other more labile components.

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@ARTICLE { SubairFylesO'Halloran1999,
    AUTHOR = { Subair, S. and Fyles, J.W. and O'Halloran, I.P. },
    TITLE = { Ammonia volatilization from liquid hog manure amended with paper products in the laboratory },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Environmental Quality },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 28 },
    PAGES = { 202-207 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 00472425 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 10 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: JEVQA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Fyles, J.W.; Dep. of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill Univ. Ste Anne de Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: fylesj@nrs.mcgill.ca Chemicals/CAS: ammonia, 14798-03-9, 51847-23-5, 7664-41-7; carbon, 7440-44-0; nitrogen, 7727-37-9 References: Al-Kanani, T., Akochi, E., MacKenzie, A.F., Alli, I., Barrington, S., Organic and inorganic amendments to reduce ammonia losses from liquid hog manure (1992) J. Environ. Qual., 21, pp. 709-715; Boxman, A.W., Van Dam, D., Van Dijk, H.F.G., Hogervorst, R.F., Koopmans, C.J., Ecosystem responses to reduced nitrogen and sulphur inputs into two coniferous forest stands in the Netherlands (1995) For. Ecol. Manage., 71, pp. 7-29; Bremner, J.M., Mulvaney, R.L., Nitrogen - total (1982) Agron. Monogr. 9. 2nd Ed., 9 (PART 2), pp. 595-624. , A.L. Page et al. (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI; Bruley, A.J., The basic technology of the pulp and paper industry and its waste reduction practices (1974) Training Manual EPS 6-WP-74-3, , Environmental Protection Service, Environment Canada; Castellanos, J.Z., Pratt, P.F., Mineralization of manure nitrogen-correlation with laboratory indexes (1981) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 45, pp. 354-357; Dewes, T., Schmitt, L., Valentin, U., Ahrens, E., Nitrogen losses during storage of liquid livestock manures (1990) Biol. Wastes, 31, pp. 241-250; Effland, M.J., Modified procedure to determine acid-insoluble lignin in wood and pulp (1977) Tappi J., 60, pp. 143-144; Eghball, B., Power, J.F., Gilley, J.E., Doran, J.W., Nutrient, carbon and mass loss during composting of beef cattle feedlot manure (1997) J. Environ. Qual., 26, pp. 189-193; Emmett, B.A., Brittain, S.A., Hughes, S., Gorres, J., Kennedy, V., Norris, D., Rafarel, R., Stevens, P.A., Nitrogen additions (NaNO3 and NH4NO3) at Aber forest, Wales: I. Response of throughfall and soil water chemistry (1995) For. Ecol. Manage., 71, pp. 45-59; Fangmeier, A., Hadwiger-Fangmeier, A., Van De Eerden, L., Jager, H., Effects of atmospheric ammonia on vegetation - a review (1994) Environ. Pollut., 86, pp. 43-82; Kirchmann, H., Losses, plant uptake and utilization of manure nitrogen during a production cycle (1985) Acta Agric. Scan. Suppl., 24, p. 77; Kirchmann, H., Witter, E., Ammonia volatilization during aerobic and anaerobic decomposition (1989) Plant Soil, 115, pp. 35-41; Lanyon, L.E., Stearns, L.J., Bartlett, H.D., Persson, S.P., Nutrient changes during storage of anaerobic digester effluent and fresh dairy cattle manure with phosphoric acid (1985) Agric. Wastes, 13, pp. 79-91; Lauer, D.A., Bouldin, D.R., Klausner, S.D., Ammonia volatilization from dairy manure spread on the soil surface (1976) J. Environ. Qual., 5, pp. 134-141; MacKenzie, A.F., Tomar, J.S., Effect of added monocalcium phosphate monohydrate and aeration on nitrogen retention by liquid hog manure (1987) Can. J. Soil Sci., 67, pp. 687-692; Mathur, S.P., Patin, N.K., Levesque, M.P., Static pile, passive aeration composting manure slurries using peat as a bulking agent (1990) Biol. Wastes, 34, pp. 323-333; Molloy, S.P., Tunney, H., A laboratory study of ammonia volatilization from cattle and pig slurry (1983) Irrig. J. Agric., 22, pp. 37-45; Moore, P.A., Daniel, T.C., Edwards, D.R., Miller, D.M., Effect of chemical amendments on ammonia volatilization from poultry litter (1995) J. Environ. Qual., 24, pp. 293-320; Nelson, D.W., Sommer, L.E., Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter (1982) Agron. Monogr. 9, 2nd Ed., 9 (PART 2), pp. 539-579. , A.L. Page et al. (ed.) Methods of soil analysis ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI; Noren, O., Design and use of biofilters for livestock building (1986) Odour Prevention and Control of Organic Sludge and Livestock Farming, pp. 234-237. , V.C. Nelson et al. (ed.). Elsevier Applied Science, London; Rosenberg, S.L., Wilke, C.R., Lignin biodegradation and the production of ethyl alcohol from cellulose (1980) Lignin Biodegradation: Microbiology, Chemistry, and Potential Applications, 2, pp. 199-212. , T.K. Kirk et al. (ed.) CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL; SAS/STAT user's guide (1990) GLM-VAR-COMP. 4th Ed., 2. , SAS Institute, Cary, NC; Schlesinger, W.H., Hartley, A.E., A global budget for atmospheric NH3 (1992) Biogeochemistry, 15, pp. 191-211; Sommer, S.G., Hutchings, N., Techniques and strategies for the reduction of ammonia emission from agriculture (1995) Water Air Soil Pollut., 85, pp. 237-248; Statistical software (1995) StatSoft, , Tulsa, OK; Stevenson, F.J., Nitrogen-organic forms (1982) Agron. 9. 2nd Ed., 9 (PART 2), pp. 625-641. , A.L. Page et al. (ed.) Methods of soil analysis. ASA and SSSA Madison, WI; Subair, S., (1995) Reducing Ammonia Volatilization from Liquid Hog Manure by Using Organic Amendments, , MSc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Sutton, M.A., Place, C.J., Eager, M., Fowler, D., Smith, R.I., Assessment of the magnitude of ammonia emissions in the United Kingdom (1995) Atmos. Environ., 29, pp. 1393-1411; Thomas, R.L., Sheard, R.W., Moyer, R.J., Comparison of convectional and automated procedures for nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium analysis of plant material using single digestion (1967) Agron. J., 59, pp. 240-243; Witter, E., Kirchmann, H., Peat, zeolite and basalts as adsorbents of ammoniacal nitrogen during manure decomposition (1989) Plant Soil, 115, pp. 43-52. },
    ABSTRACT = { Losses of N from livestock operations due to ammonia (NH3) volatilization from animal wastes is a major source of pollution in Europe and North America, and represents a significant economic loss. Paper products have potential as amendments to reduce NH3 loss because their high carbon (C) and low nitrogen (N) contents would be expected to cause N immobilization. Reduction in NH3 volatilization from liquid hog manure (LHM) by paper bag (PB), filter paper (FP), newsprint (NP), and pulp sludge (PS) added at 2.5 and 5% (fresh LHM weight) was evaluated in a 56 d incubation study. Cumulative NH3 volatilization ranged between 28 to 53% of initial manure N. When the rate increased from 2.5 to 5%, NH3 volatilization was reduced by 47, 40, 37, and 29%, respectively, compared to the control. Increasing the rate increased the amount of C lost from the LHM and reduced the net mineralization of organic N immobilization. Liquid hog manure pH was negatively correlated with C loss, indicating that microbial decomposition of paper amendments lowered manure pH but this effect did not appear to be important in controlling NH3 volatilization. Paper lignin content was not correlated with the loss of C, manure pH, or NH3 volatilization, suggesting that the effectiveness of paper products in reducing NH3 volatilization is not controlled by lignin content but rather by other more labile components. },
    KEYWORDS = { Ammonia Decomposition Manures Paper products pH Vaporization Organic amendments Waste treatment ammonia carbon manure nitrogen paper volatilization waste },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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