SimardFylesPareEtAl2001

Référence

Simard, D.G., Fyles, J.W., Pare, D. and Nguyen, T. (2001) Impacts of clearcut harvesting and wildfire on soil nutrient status in the Quebec boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 81(2):229-237.

Résumé

Wildfire has historically been the major cause of stand initiation in the boreal forest, shaping species diversity, successional and ecosystem processes. Clearcut harvesting may differ from fire in its effects on soil and vegetation processes and thus may cause long-term changes in stand productivity or biodiversity. This study compared the soil properties of mesic black spruce (Picea mariana) stands burned 2, 14, 21 yr prior to sampling, with stands clearcut within ±3 yr of each wildfire and recently undisturbed control stands. The forest floor (FH) and mineral soil (0-10 cm) were sampled volumetrically, air dried and analysed for pH, organic carbon content, available P, Ca, Mg, and K, mineralizable N and nitrification. Forest floors were also digested and analysed for total N, P, K, Ca and Mg. Significant differences between disturbed and control stands were observed in all study areas, with disturbance effects generally decreasing with time since disturbance. Burned stands generally had forest floors with thinner humus layers, lower mass of organic carbon, higher pH, and higher concentrations of total and available nutrients than in either clearcut or control stands. Significant losses in the total mass of N and K in the forest floor were observed in the youngest burned stands as well as a pulse of extractable P that was at least four times higher than cut or control stands in any other treatment or study area. The forest floor of cut stands had greater mass of organic matter and total nutrients, and higher levels of potentially mineralizable N than either fire or control stands. No significant nutrient loss was observed following clearcut harvesting in any study area. Overall, this study suggested that clearcut harvesting can result in changes to the status of soil nutrients that are different from those produced by wildfire. Further study is necessary to determine whether these differences have significant effects on the long-term productivity or biodiversity of the boreal forest.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { SimardFylesPareEtAl2001,
    AUTHOR = { Simard, D.G. and Fyles, J.W. and Pare, D. and Nguyen, T. },
    TITLE = { Impacts of clearcut harvesting and wildfire on soil nutrient status in the Quebec boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Soil Science },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 81 },
    PAGES = { 229-237 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { Wildfire has historically been the major cause of stand initiation in the boreal forest, shaping species diversity, successional and ecosystem processes. Clearcut harvesting may differ from fire in its effects on soil and vegetation processes and thus may cause long-term changes in stand productivity or biodiversity. This study compared the soil properties of mesic black spruce (Picea mariana) stands burned 2, 14, 21 yr prior to sampling, with stands clearcut within ±3 yr of each wildfire and recently undisturbed control stands. The forest floor (FH) and mineral soil (0-10 cm) were sampled volumetrically, air dried and analysed for pH, organic carbon content, available P, Ca, Mg, and K, mineralizable N and nitrification. Forest floors were also digested and analysed for total N, P, K, Ca and Mg. Significant differences between disturbed and control stands were observed in all study areas, with disturbance effects generally decreasing with time since disturbance. Burned stands generally had forest floors with thinner humus layers, lower mass of organic carbon, higher pH, and higher concentrations of total and available nutrients than in either clearcut or control stands. Significant losses in the total mass of N and K in the forest floor were observed in the youngest burned stands as well as a pulse of extractable P that was at least four times higher than cut or control stands in any other treatment or study area. The forest floor of cut stands had greater mass of organic matter and total nutrients, and higher levels of potentially mineralizable N than either fire or control stands. No significant nutrient loss was observed following clearcut harvesting in any study area. Overall, this study suggested that clearcut harvesting can result in changes to the status of soil nutrients that are different from those produced by wildfire. Further study is necessary to determine whether these differences have significant effects on the long-term productivity or biodiversity of the boreal forest. },
    KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest Clearcutting Fire Nutrients Quebec boreal forest clearcutting forest soil soil nutrient wildfire Canada Picea mariana },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Colloque **************************** **********************************************************

1er au 3 mai 2019
UQAC

********************************************************** ************* R à Québec 2019**************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********************* Traits **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Cours intensif sur l'analyse des pistes 
6-10 mai 2019, Université de Sherbrooke
Cours intensif : Taxonomie et méthodes d’échantillonnage en tourbières 
6-17 mai 2019, Université Laval
Dendrochronological Fieldweek 2019 
16-21 mai 2019, Station FERLD
Traits Fonctionnels des Organismes - École thématique internationale
19-24 mai 2019, Porquerolles, France
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Terrain avancé en géographie 
10-15 juin 2019, FERLD, Abitibi-Témiscamingue
École d'été « Drones et télédétection environnementale » 
13-14 juin 2019, Sherbrooke
Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
École d'été en modélisation de la biodiversité 
19-23 août 2019, Orford
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers 
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Carapace ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...