PelletierFylesDutilleul1999

Référence

Pelletier, B., Fyles, J.W., Dutilleul, P. (1999) Tree species control and spatial structure of forest floor properties in a mixed-species stand. Ecoscience, 6(1):79-91.

Résumé

The influence of tree species on forest floor properties (total N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, extractable K, Ca, and Mg, pH, basal respiration, potentially-mineralizable N, horizon thickness, bulk density, and loss on ignition) of microsites of a mixed-species stand was examined using a variation-partitioning method and redundancy analysis (RDA). The influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), American beech (Fagus grandifolia), red maple (Acer rubrum), striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), red oak (Quercus rubra), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), and uncommon species was expressed with a tree species influence index (TSII) based on the size of the individual trees of each species and their distance from a microsite. Maps and Mantel correlograms were used to describe and quantify the spatial structure of forest floor and TSII variables. Trend surface analysis (TSA) and a neighbourhood matrix (NM), based on the mean values of forest floor properties at neighbouring microsites, were used to incorporate a spatial component in the partitioning of the forest floor variation. TSII explained 29.6% of the forest floor variation of which about half was spatially structured and jointly expressed by the trend surface polynomial and the NM. The NM proved to be more efficient in capturing small-scale spatial patterns than the TSA. The main ecological trends observed for both the local and the total TSII effect were the influence of the beech-hemlock gradient on calcium, and the differential effect of striped maple and red maple on the amount of organic matter and associated nutrients. The relevance of the incorporation of a spatial component in the variation-partitioning of forest floor data and the potential of this technique to deal with the complexity of natural mixed-forests are verified and discussed.

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@ARTICLE { PelletierFylesDutilleul1999,
    AUTHOR = { Pelletier, B. and Fyles, J.W. and Dutilleul, P. },
    TITLE = { Tree species control and spatial structure of forest floor properties in a mixed-species stand },
    JOURNAL = { Ecoscience },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 6 },
    PAGES = { 79-91 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 11956860 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 12 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Fyles, J.W.; Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; Department of Plant Science; McGill University; Macdonald Campus Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que., H9X 3V9, Canada; email: fylesj@nrs.mcgill.ca References: Aber, J.D., Melillo, J.M., McClaugherty, C.A., Predicting long-term patterns of mass loss, nitrogen dynamics, and soil organic matter formation from initial fine litter chemistry in temperate forest ecosystems (1990) Canadian Journal of Botany, 68, pp. 2201-2208; Alban, D.H., Effects of nutrient accumulation by aspen, spruce, and pine on soil properties (1982) Soil Science Society of America Journal, 46, pp. 853-861; Arp, P.A., Krause, H.H., The forest floor: Lateral variability as revealed by systematic sampling (1984) Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 64, pp. 423-437; Beatty, S.W., Influence of microtopography and canopy species on spatial patterns of forest understorey plants (1984) Ecology, 65, pp. 1406-1419; Beatty, S.W., Stone, E.L., The variety of soil microsites created by tree falls (1986) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 16, pp. 539-548; Blyth, J.F., MacLeod, D.A., The significance of soil variability for forest soil studies in north-east Scotland (1978) Journal of Soil Science, 29, pp. 419-430; Boerner, R.E.J., Foliar nutrient dynamics and nutrient use efficiency of four deciduous tree species in relation to site fertility (1984) Journal of Applied Ecology, 21, pp. 1029-1040; Boerner, R.E.J., Nutrient fluxes in litterfall and decomposition in four forests along a gradient of soil fertility in southern Ohio (1984) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, pp. 794-802; Boerner, R.E.J., Koslowsky, S.D., Microsite variations in soil chemistry and nitrogen mineralization in a beech-maple forest (1989) Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 21, pp. 795-801; Boettcher, S.E., Kalisz, P.J., Single-tree influence on soil properties in the mountains of eastern Kentucky (1990) Ecology, 71, pp. 1365-1372; Boettcher, S.E., Kalisz, P.J., Single-tree influence on earthworms in forest soils in eastern Kentucky (1991) Soil Science Society of America Journal, 55, pp. 862-865; Borcard, D., Legendre, P., Environmental control and spatial structure in ecological communities: An example using Oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatei) (1994) Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 1, pp. 37-53; Borcard, D., Legendre, P., Drapeau, P., Partialling out the spatial component of ecological variation (1992) Ecology, 73, pp. 1045-1055; Bormann, B.T., Spaltenstein, H., McClellan, M.H., Ugolini, F.C., Cromack Jr., K., Nay, S.M., Rapid soil development after windthrow disturbance in pristine forests (1995) Journal of Ecology, 83, pp. 747-757; Bowden, R.D., Nadelhoffer, K.J., Boone, R.D., Melillo, J.M., Garrison, J.B., Contributions of aboveground litter, below-ground litter, and root respiration to total soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest (1993) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, pp. 1402-1407; Box, G.E.P., Cox, D.R., An analysis of transformations (1964) Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, 26, pp. 211-243; Bradley, R.L., Fyles, J.W., Growth of paper birch (Betula papyrifera) seedlings increases soil available C and microbial acquisition of soil nutrients (1995) Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 27, pp. 1565-1571; Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Leduc, A., Beechmaple dynamics in an old-growth forest in southern Que?bec, Canada (1994) E?coscience, 1, pp. 40-46; Burrough, P.A., Spatial aspects of ecological data (1987) Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology, pp. 213-251. , R. 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    ABSTRACT = { The influence of tree species on forest floor properties (total N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, extractable K, Ca, and Mg, pH, basal respiration, potentially-mineralizable N, horizon thickness, bulk density, and loss on ignition) of microsites of a mixed-species stand was examined using a variation-partitioning method and redundancy analysis (RDA). The influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), American beech (Fagus grandifolia), red maple (Acer rubrum), striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), red oak (Quercus rubra), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), and uncommon species was expressed with a tree species influence index (TSII) based on the size of the individual trees of each species and their distance from a microsite. Maps and Mantel correlograms were used to describe and quantify the spatial structure of forest floor and TSII variables. Trend surface analysis (TSA) and a neighbourhood matrix (NM), based on the mean values of forest floor properties at neighbouring microsites, were used to incorporate a spatial component in the partitioning of the forest floor variation. TSII explained 29.6% of the forest floor variation of which about half was spatially structured and jointly expressed by the trend surface polynomial and the NM. The NM proved to be more efficient in capturing small-scale spatial patterns than the TSA. The main ecological trends observed for both the local and the total TSII effect were the influence of the beech-hemlock gradient on calcium, and the differential effect of striped maple and red maple on the amount of organic matter and associated nutrients. The relevance of the incorporation of a spatial component in the variation-partitioning of forest floor data and the potential of this technique to deal with the complexity of natural mixed-forests are verified and discussed. },
    KEYWORDS = { Forest floor Mixed-species stand Redundancy analysis Spatial analysis Tree species Variation-partitioning community composition forest floor mixed forest nutrient cycling soil chemistry spatial analysis Acer pennsylvanicum Acer rubrum Betula alleghaniensis Betula papyrifera Fagus grandifolia Quercus rubra Tsuga canadensis },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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