BelangerCoteCourchesneEtAl2002

Référence

Belanger, N., Cote, B., Courchesne, F., Fyles, J.W., Warfvinge, P. and Hendershot, W.H. (2002) Simulation of soil chemistry and nutrient availability in a forested ecosystem of southern Quebec. Part I. Reconstruction of the time-series files of nutrient cycling using the Makedep model. Environmental Modelling and Software, 17(5):427-445.

Résumé

The Makedep model is used to reconstruct the time-series input files of deposition, forest growth, uptake and litterfall needed to run the dynamic biogeochemical model SAFE. The amounts and timing of N made available for tree growth is what determines most of the model output. In this paper, the sensitivity of Makedep to various amounts and timing of N availability, including increased supplies of N prior to air pollution assuming increased biological N2 fixation, was assessed in a small hardwood stand of southern Quebec. The scenarios of N cycling were validated for burned and unburned conditions based on the simulated tree growth and N leaching rates as well as the model's ability to recreate the trends in atmospheric deposition of major ions in northeastern North America. The N leaching rates were calculated as the residual component of all simulated processes acting as sources and sinks of N. The N availability scenarios that subtracted/added 5 mmol m-2 yr-1 of NH4 in the unburned and burned conditions, respectively, recreated N leaching rates and tree biomass with the most precision. Modifying the amounts of N made available prior to air pollution was also necessary for the trees to grow to reasonable values before 1900. Historical trends of deposition were linked to the changes in the continental emissions in northeastern North America. Observational data for 30 years at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, showed convergent trends for most ions with the deposition trends simulated with Makedep. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { BelangerCoteCourchesneEtAl2002,
    AUTHOR = { Belanger, N. and Cote, B. and Courchesne, F. and Fyles, J.W. and Warfvinge, P. and Hendershot, W.H. },
    TITLE = { Simulation of soil chemistry and nutrient availability in a forested ecosystem of southern Quebec. Part I. Reconstruction of the time-series files of nutrient cycling using the Makedep model },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Modelling and Software },
    YEAR = { 2002 },
    VOLUME = { 17 },
    PAGES = { 427-445 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    NOTE = { 13648152 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 7 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: EMSOF doi: 10.1016/S1364-8152(02)00007-5 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Hendershot, W.H.; Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: williamh@nrs.mcgill.ca References: Aber, J., McDowell, W., Nadelhoffer, K., Magill, A., Berntson, G., Kamakea, M., McNulty, S., Fernandez, I., Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems. Hypothesis revisited (1998) BioScience, 48, pp. 921-934; Allen, S.E., Analysis of vegetation and other organic constituents (1989) Chemical analysis of ecological materials, pp. 160-200. , Allen, S.E. (Ed.). Blackwell Scientific, Oxford; Alveteg, M., Walse, C., Warfvinge, P., Reconstructing historic atmospheric deposition and nutrient uptake from present day values using Makedep (1998) Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 104, pp. 269-283; Be?langer, N., Co?te?, B., Fyles, J.W., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W.H., Fire disturbance and its interactions with forest regrowth as controlling factors of soil nutrient availability in a deciduous forest of southern Quebec, Canada, , submitted for publication; Be?langer, N., Courchesne, F., Co?te?, B., Fyles, J.W., Warfvinge, P., Hendershot, W.H., Simulation of soil chemistry and nutrient availability in a forested ecosystem of southern Quebec. 2. Application of the SAFE model (2002) Environmental Modelling and Software, 17, pp. 447-465; Binkley, D., Son, Y., Valentine, D., Do forests receive occult inputs of nitrogen? (2000) Ecosystems, 3, pp. 321-331; Biron, P.M., Roy, A.G., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W.H., Co?te?, B., Fyles, J.W., The effects of antecedent moisture conditions on the relationship of hydrology to hydrochemistry in a small forested watershed (1999) Hydrological Processes, 13, pp. 1541-1555; Bouchard, A., Dyrda, S., Bergeron, Y., Meilleur, A., The use of notary deeds to estimate the changes in the composition of 19th century forests, in Haut-Saint-Laurent, Quebec (1989) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 19, pp. 1146-1150; Boulet, G., Jacques, G., (1992) Programme d'e?chantillonnage des pre?cipitations du Que?bec: sommaire des donne?es de la qualite? des eaux de pre?cipitations, 1989, , Direction des Re?seaux Atmosphe?riques, Ministe?re de l'Environnement du Que?bec. Rapport QEN/PA-45; Burns, R.M., Honkala, B.H., (1990) Silvics of North America: 2. Hardwoods. Agricultural Handbook 654, 2. , US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC; Carlyle, J.C., Nitrogen cycling in forested ecosystems (1986) Forestry Abstracts, 47, pp. 303-336; Chatarpaul, L., Burgess, D.M., Methven, I.R., (1985) Equations for estimating above-ground nutrient content of six eastern Canadian hardwoods, , Canadian Forest Service, Petawawa National Forest Institute. Report. PI-X-55; Comerford, N.B., White, E.H., Nutrient content of throughfall in paper birch and red pine stands in northern Minnesota (1977) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 7, pp. 556-560; Cosby, B.J., Wright, R.F., Hornberger, G.M., Galloway, J.N., Modelling the effects of acid deposition: Estimation of long-term water quality responses in a small forested catchment (1985) Water Resources Research, 21, pp. 1591-1601; De Vries, W., Posch, M., Karami, J., Simulation of the long term soil response to acid deposition in various buffer ranges (1989) Water Air and Soil Pollution, 48, pp. 349-384; Driscoll, C.T., Postek, K.M., Kretser, W., Raynald, D.J., Long-term trends in the chemistry of precipitation and lake water in the Adirondack region of New York, USA (1995) Water Air and Soil Pollution, 85, pp. 583-588; Eaton, J.S., Likens, G.E., Borman, F.H., Throughfall and stemflow chemistry in a northern hardwood forest (1973) Journal of Ecology, 61, pp. 495-508; Federer, C.A., Hornbeck, J.W., Tritton, L.M., Martin, C.W., Pierce, R.S., Smith, C.T., Long-term depletion of calcium and other nutrients in eastern US forests (1989) Environmental Management, 13, pp. 593-601; (1974) FAO-UNESCO soil map of the world, Volume 1, Legend, 1. , UNESCO, Paris; Foster, N.W., Hazlett, P.W., Nicolson, J.A., Morrison, I.K., Ion leaching from a sugar maple forest in response to acidic deposition and nitrification (1989) Water Air and Soil Pollution, 48, pp. 251-261; Freedman, B., Prager, U., Ambient bulk deposition, throughfall, and stemflow in a variety of forest stands in Nova Scotia (1986) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 16, pp. 854-860; Galloway, J.N., Acid deposition: Perspectives in time and space (1995) Water Air and Soil Pollution, 85, pp. 15-24; Galloway, J.N., Dianwu, Z., Thomson, V.E., Chang, L.H., Nitrogen mobilization in the United States of America and the People's Republic of China (1996) Atmospheric Environment, 30, pp. 1551-1561; Gower, S.T., Reich, P.B., Son, Y., Canopy dynamics and aboveground production of five tree species with different leaf longevities (1993) Tree Physiology, 12, pp. 327-345; Hedin, L.A., Granat, L., Likens, G.E., Buishand, T.A., Galloway, J.N., Butler, T.J., Rodhe, H., Steep declines in atmospheric base cations in regions of Europe and North America (1994) Nature, 367, pp. 351-354; Hendershot, W.H., Courchesne, F., Comparison of soil solution chemistry in zero tension and ceramic-cup tension lysimeters (1991) Journal of Soil Science, 42, pp. 577-583; Holmberg, M., Hari, P., Nissinen, A., A model of ion dynamics and acidification of soil: Application to historical soil chemistry data of Sweden (1989) Regional Acidification Models: Geographical Extent and Time Development, pp. 229-240. , Ka?ma?ri, J., Brakke, D.F., Jenkins, A., Norton, S.A., Wright, R.F. (Eds.). Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht; Holmberg, M., Rankinen, K., Johansson, M., Forsius, M., Kleemola, S., Ahonen, J., Syri, S., Sensitivity of soil acidification model to deposition and forest growth (2000) Ecological Modelling, 135, pp. 311-325; Homann, P.S., McKane, R.B., Sollins, P., Belowground processes in forest-ecosystem biogeochemical simulation models (2000) Forest Ecology and Management, 138, pp. 3-18; Hooper, R.P., Stone, A., Christophersen, N., De Grosbois, E., Seip, H.M., Assessing the Birkenes model of stream acidification using a multisignal calibration methodology (1988) Water Resources Research, 24, pp. 1308-1316; Houle, D., Ouimet, R., Paquin, R., Laflamme, J.-G., Intercations of atmospheric deposition with a mixed hardwood and a coniferous forest canopy at the Lake Clair Watershed (Duchesnay, Quebec) (1999) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29, pp. 1944-1957; Husar, R., (1992) Sulfur and nitrogen emissions trends for the U.S. Center for Air Pollution Impact, , http://capita.wustl.edu/CAPITA/CapitaReports/EmisTrends/soxnem.html; Johnson, D.W., Simulated nitrogen cycling response to elevated CO2 in Pinus taeda and mixed deciduous forests (1999) Tree Physiology, 19, pp. 321-327; Keenan, R.J., Kimmins, J.P., The ecological effects of clear-cutting (1993) Environmental Review, 1, pp. 121-144; Kimmins, J.P., Binkley, D., Chatarpaul, L., De Catanzaro, J., (1985) Biogeochemistry of temperate forest ecosystems: Literature on inventories and dynamics of biomass and nutrients, , Canadian Forest Service, Petawawa National Forest Institute. Report. PI-X-47E/F; Knight, H., Loss of nitrogen from the forest floor by burning (1966) The Forestry Chronicle, 42, pp. 149-152; Liechty, H.O., Mroz, G.D., Reed, D.D., Cation and anion fluxes in northern hardwood throughfall along an acidic deposition gradient (1993) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, pp. 457-467; Likens, G.E., Bormann, F.H., (1995) Biogeochemistry of a Forested Watershed, second ed., , Springer-Verlag, New York; Likens, G.E., Driscoll, C.T., Buso, D.C., Long-term effects of acid rain: Response and recovery of a forest ecosystem (1996) Science, 272, pp. 244-246; Lortie, M., (1979) Arbres, fore?ts et perturbations naturelles au Que?bec, , Les Presse de l'Universite? Laval, Quebec; Lovett, G.M., Lindberg, S.E., Atmospheric deposition and canopy interactions of nitrogen in forests (1993) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, pp. 1603-1616; Lovett, G.M., Nolan, S.S., Driscoll, C.T., Fahey, T.J., Factors regulating throughfall flux in a New Hampshire forested landscape (1996) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 26, pp. 2134-2144; Mahendrappa, M.K., Kingston, D.G.O., Prediction of throughfall quantities under different forest stands (1982) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 12, pp. 474-481; Marion, G.M., Moreno, J.M., Oechel, W.C., Fire severity, ash deposition and clipping effects on soil nutrients in chaparral (1991) Soil Science Society of America Journal, 55, pp. 235-240; McNulty, S.G., Aber, J.D., Newman, S.D., Nitrogen saturation in ahigh elevation spruce-fir stands (1996) Forest Ecology and Management, 84, pp. 109-121; Melillo, J.M., Aber, J.D., Steudler, P.A., Schimel, J.P., Denitrification potentials in a successional sequence of Northern Hardwood forest stands (1983) Ecological Bulletin, 35, pp. 217-228; Mylona, S., (1993) Trends of sulphur dioxide emissions, air concentrations and depositions of suphur in Europe since 1880, , EMEP/MSC-W, Report 2/93, Oslo; Na?sholm, T., Ekblud, A., Nordin, A., Gieslez, R., Ho?gberg, P., Boreal Forest plants take up organic nitrogen (1998) Nature, 392, pp. 914-916; Neary, A.J., Gizyn, W.I., Throughfall and stenflow chemistry under deciduous and coniferous forest canopies in south-central Ontario (1994) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24, pp. 1089-1100; Olsson, B.A., Bengtsson, J., Lundkvist, H., Effects of different forest harvest intensities on the pools of exchangeable cations in coniferous forest soils (1996) Forest Ecology and Management, 84, pp. 135-147; Olsson, B.A., Staaf, H., Lundkvist, H., Bengtsson, J., Rose?n, K., Carbon and nitrogen in coniferous forest soils after clear-felling and harvests of different intensity (1996) Forest Ecology and Management, 82, pp. 19-32; Ragsdale, H.L., Lindberg, S.E., Lovett, G.M., Schaefer, D.A., Atmospheric deposition and throughfall fluxes of base cations (1992) Atmospheric Deposition and Nutrient Cycling, pp. 235-263. , Johnson, D.W., Lindberg, S.E. (Eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York; Reiners, W.A., Olson, R.K., Effects of canopy components on throughfall chemistry: An experimental analysis (1984) Oecologia, 63, pp. 320-330; Salomon, D.S., Leak, W.B., (1985) Simulated yield for managed northern hardwood stands in New England, , U.S.D.A., Forest Service, Northeastern Experimental Forest Station, Broomall, Pennsylvania. Research Paper NE-578; Savage, C., (2001) Recolonisation forestie?re dans les Basses Laurentides au sud du domaine climacique de l'e?rablie?re a? bouleau jaune, , Me?moire de M.Sc, Universite? de Montre?al; Shortle, W.C., Bondietti, E.A., Timing, magnitude, and impact of acidic deposition on sensitive forest sites (1992) Water Air and Soil Pollution, 61, pp. 253-267; Sverdrup, H., Warfvinge, P., Blake, L., Goulding, K., Modelling recent and historical data from the Rothamsted Experimental Station, UK using SAFE (1995) Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 53, pp. 161-177; Tietema, A., Microbial carbon and nitrogen dynamics in coniferous forest floor material collected along a European nitrogen deposition gradient (1998) Forest Ecology and Management, 101, pp. 29-36; Verry, E.S., Timmons, D.R., Precipitation nutrients in the open and under two forests in Minnesota (1977) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 7, pp. 112-119; Vitousek, P., Nutrient cycling and nutrient use efficiency (1982) American Naturalist, 119, pp. 553-572; Walse, C., Blanck, K., Bredemeier, M., Lamersdorf, N., Warfvinge, P., Xu, Y.-X., Application of the SAFE model to the Solling clean roof experiment (1998) Forest Ecology and Management, 101, pp. 307-317; Warfvinge, P., Falkengren-Grerup, U., Sverdrup, H., Andersen, B., Modelling long-term cation supply in acidified forest stands (1993) Environmental Pollution, 80, pp. 209-221; Whitaker, R.H., Bormann, F.H., Likens, G.E., Siccama, T.G., The Hubbard Brook ecosystem study: Forest biomass and production (1974) Ecological Monographs, 44, pp. 233-252. },
    ABSTRACT = { The Makedep model is used to reconstruct the time-series input files of deposition, forest growth, uptake and litterfall needed to run the dynamic biogeochemical model SAFE. The amounts and timing of N made available for tree growth is what determines most of the model output. In this paper, the sensitivity of Makedep to various amounts and timing of N availability, including increased supplies of N prior to air pollution assuming increased biological N2 fixation, was assessed in a small hardwood stand of southern Quebec. The scenarios of N cycling were validated for burned and unburned conditions based on the simulated tree growth and N leaching rates as well as the model's ability to recreate the trends in atmospheric deposition of major ions in northeastern North America. The N leaching rates were calculated as the residual component of all simulated processes acting as sources and sinks of N. The N availability scenarios that subtracted/added 5 mmol m-2 yr-1 of NH4 in the unburned and burned conditions, respectively, recreated N leaching rates and tree biomass with the most precision. Modifying the amounts of N made available prior to air pollution was also necessary for the trees to grow to reasonable values before 1900. Historical trends of deposition were linked to the changes in the continental emissions in northeastern North America. Observational data for 30 years at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, showed convergent trends for most ions with the deposition trends simulated with Makedep. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Dynamic modelling N availability N leaching Nutrient cycling Tree growth Air pollution Biomass Computer simulation Deposition Ecosystems Leaching Nitrogen fixation Litterfall Soils atmospheric deposition deciduous forest growth response nutrient availability nutrient cycling time series Canada United States },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...