TardifBrissonBergeron2001

Référence

Tardif, J.C., Brisson, J. and Bergeron, Y. (2001) Dendroclimatic analysis of Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, and Tsuga canadensis from an old-growth forest, southwestern Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31(9):1491-1501.

Résumé

Radial growth of three tree species (eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrie?re; sugar maple, Acer saccharum Marsh.; and American beech, Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) from an old-growth forest, in southwestern Quebec was compared using a dendroclimatic approach. The beech and maple tree-ring chronologies were significantly correlated, whereas the hemlock chronology was correlated only to that of beech. Radial growth of all three species was positively correlated with precipitation and negatively correlated with temperatures during the early summer months of the year the annual ring was formed. This suggests early summer water balance limits the growth of these species on this site. Radial growth of the three species was also negatively correlated with temperatures during the late summer months of the year prior to ring formation. Only hemlock and sugar maple showed a positive correlation with precipitation during the year prior to ring formation. Of the three species, hemlock was most influenced by temperature and showed a positive correlation with winter temperatures. Our results also showed that, since the mid-19th century, certain climatic variables temporarily dominated the growth-climate association of the species. Hemlock showed the most stable growth-climate association, whereas in sugar maple, negative correlations with late winter temperature showed up during the second half of the 20th century.

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@ARTICLE { TardifBrissonBergeron2001,
    AUTHOR = { Tardif, J.C. and Brisson, J. and Bergeron, Y. },
    TITLE = { Dendroclimatic analysis of Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, and Tsuga canadensis from an old-growth forest, southwestern Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 31 },
    PAGES = { 1491-1501 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 12 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/cjfr-31-9-1491 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Tardif, J.; Ctr. Forest Interdisciplinary Res.; University of Winnipeg; 515 Portage Avenue Winnipeg, Man. R3B 2E9, Canada; email: j.tardif@uwinnipeg.ca References: Abrams, M.D., Van de Gevel, S., Dobson, R.C., Copenheaver, C.A., The dendroecology and climatic impacts for old-growth white pine and hemlock on the extreme slopes of the Berkshire Hills, Massachusetts, U.S.A. (2000) Can. J. Bot., 78, pp. 851-861; Auclair, A.N.D., Lill, J.T., Revenga, C., The role of climate variability and global warming in the dieback of northern hardwoods (1996) Water Air Soil Pollut., 91, pp. 163-186; Avery G.S., Jr., Creighton, H.B., Hock, C.W., Annual rings in hemlocks and their relation to environmental factors (1940) Am. J. 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Canadian climate program, , Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ont; Fraser, D.A., Ecological studies of forest trees at Chalk River, Ontario, Canada, 2. Ecological conditions and radial increment (1956) Ecology, 37, pp. 777-789; Friesner, G.M., Friesner, R.C., Relation of annual ring formation as illustrated in six species of trees in Marshall County, Indiana (1942) Butler Univ. Bot. 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    ABSTRACT = { Radial growth of three tree species (eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrie?re; sugar maple, Acer saccharum Marsh.; and American beech, Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) from an old-growth forest, in southwestern Quebec was compared using a dendroclimatic approach. The beech and maple tree-ring chronologies were significantly correlated, whereas the hemlock chronology was correlated only to that of beech. Radial growth of all three species was positively correlated with precipitation and negatively correlated with temperatures during the early summer months of the year the annual ring was formed. This suggests early summer water balance limits the growth of these species on this site. Radial growth of the three species was also negatively correlated with temperatures during the late summer months of the year prior to ring formation. Only hemlock and sugar maple showed a positive correlation with precipitation during the year prior to ring formation. Of the three species, hemlock was most influenced by temperature and showed a positive correlation with winter temperatures. Our results also showed that, since the mid-19th century, certain climatic variables temporarily dominated the growth-climate association of the species. Hemlock showed the most stable growth-climate association, whereas in sugar maple, negative correlations with late winter temperature showed up during the second half of the 20th century. },
    KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity Growth kinetics Precipitation (meteorology) Dendroclimatic analysis Forestry climate change dendroclimatology growth rate interspecific variation old-growth forest Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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