NaylorBrissonLabelleEtAl2003

Référence

Naylor, S., Brisson, J., Labelle, M. A., Drizo, A. and Comeau, Y. (2003) Treatment of freshwater fish farm effluent using constructed wetlands: The role of plants and substrate. Water Science and Technology, 48(5):215-222.

Résumé

Freshwater fish farm effluents have low nutrient concentrations but high flow rates, resulting in a pollutant load, especially phosphorus (P), causing eutrophication. The feasibility was tested of a treatment combining, within a single constructed wetland, the contribution of macrophytes for reducing organic matter and nitrogen (N), with the high efficiency of steel slag and limestone for P removal. Twenty subsurface flow (SSF) basins of 280 L with different combinations of plants (Phragmites communis or Typha latifolia) and substrates (steel slag, limestone, gravel, peat) were fed with a reconstituted fish farm effluent in a greenhouse experiment. Pollutant removal was generally very good under all treatments. N and organic matter removal were correlated with plant biomass while P removal was better in substrates with steel slag and limestone. However, the high pH of the P-adsorbing substrate was detrimental to plant growth so that no combination of plants and substrates could maximise in one step the simultaneous removal of all evaluated pollutants. Therefore, the use of two sequential units is recommended, a first one consisting of a macrophyte planted basin using a neutral substrate to remove organic matter and N, followed by a second unplanted basin containing only a P-adsorbing substrate.

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@ARTICLE { NaylorBrissonLabelleEtAl2003,
    AUTHOR = { Naylor, S. and Brisson, J. and Labelle, M. A. and Drizo, A. and Comeau, Y. },
    TITLE = { Treatment of freshwater fish farm effluent using constructed wetlands: The role of plants and substrate },
    JOURNAL = { Water Science and Technology },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 48 },
    PAGES = { 215-222 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    NOTE = { 02731223 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 6 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: WSTED Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Brisson, J.; Inst. de Rech. en Biologie Vegetale; 410 Sherbrooke St. East Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: jacques.brisson@umontreal.ca Chemicals/CAS: limestone, 1317-65-3; nitrogen, 7727-37-9; phosphorus, 7723-14-0; Nitrogen, 7727-37-9; Organic Chemicals; Phosphorus, 7723-14-0 References: Brix, H., Wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands: System design, removal processes, and treatment performance (1993) Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement, pp. 9-20. , G.A. Moshiri, ed., Lewis Publishing; Brix, H., Do macrophytes play a role in constructed treatment wetlands? (1997) Wat. Sci. Tech., 35 (5), pp. 11-17; Comeau, Y., Brisson, J., Re?ville, J.-P., Forget, C., Drizo, A., Phosphorus removal from trout farm effluents by constructed wetlands (2001) Wat. Sci. Tech., 44 (11-12), pp. 55-60; DeBusk, T.A., Ryther, J.H., Biomass production and yields of aquatic plants (1986) Proc. Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery, pp. 579-598. , R.K. Reddy and W.H. Smith, eds., Magnolia Publishing, Orlando, FL; Drizo, A., Comeau, Y., Forget, C., Chapuis, R.P., Phosphorus saturation potential - A parameter for estimating the longevity of constructed wetlands systems (2002) Environ. Sci. Tech., 36 (21), pp. 4642-4648; Faulkner, S.P., Richardson, C.J., Physical and chemical characteristics of freshwater wetland soils (1989) Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal, Industrial and Agricultural, , D.A. Hammer, ed., Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI; Forget, C., Elimination du phosphore dissous des effluents piscicoles a? l'aide de mate?riaux granulaires re?actifs (2001), M.Sc.A. Thesis, Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal, Canada (in French); Grandtner, M., Ecology and use of Phragmites communis in Eastern Canada (1999) Bull. Kansai Organisation for Nature Conservation, 21, pp. 289-299; Hammer, D.A., Knight, R.L., Designing constructed wetlands for nitrogen removal (1994) Wat. Sci. Tech., 29 (4), pp. 15-27; Hofmann, K., The role of plants in subsurface flow constructed wetlands (1997) Ecological Engineering for Wastewater Treatment, 2nd ed., pp. 183-196. , C. Etnier and B. Guterstam, eds., CRC Press; Lakshman, G., Ecotechnological opportunities for aquatic plants - A survey of utilization options (1986) Proc. Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery, pp. 49-68. , R.K. Reddy and W.H. smith, eds., Magnolia Publishing, Orlando, FL; Ouellet, G., (1999) Les Rejets des Stations Piscicoles et Leurs Impacts Environnementaux, , Internal technical report, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food of Quebec, Canada; (1998) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 20th edn., , Am. Public Health Assoc./Am. Water Works Assoc./Water Environ. Fed., Washington DC, USA; Yamada, H., Kayama, M., Saito, K., Hara, M., A fundamental research on phosphate removal by using slag (1986) Wat. Res., 20, pp. 547-557. },
    ABSTRACT = { Freshwater fish farm effluents have low nutrient concentrations but high flow rates, resulting in a pollutant load, especially phosphorus (P), causing eutrophication. The feasibility was tested of a treatment combining, within a single constructed wetland, the contribution of macrophytes for reducing organic matter and nitrogen (N), with the high efficiency of steel slag and limestone for P removal. Twenty subsurface flow (SSF) basins of 280 L with different combinations of plants (Phragmites communis or Typha latifolia) and substrates (steel slag, limestone, gravel, peat) were fed with a reconstituted fish farm effluent in a greenhouse experiment. Pollutant removal was generally very good under all treatments. N and organic matter removal were correlated with plant biomass while P removal was better in substrates with steel slag and limestone. However, the high pH of the P-adsorbing substrate was detrimental to plant growth so that no combination of plants and substrates could maximise in one step the simultaneous removal of all evaluated pollutants. Therefore, the use of two sequential units is recommended, a first one consisting of a macrophyte planted basin using a neutral substrate to remove organic matter and N, followed by a second unplanted basin containing only a P-adsorbing substrate. },
    KEYWORDS = { Constructed wetland Nitrogen Phosphorus Plants Steel slag Biomass Effluents Eutrophication Limestone Nitrogen Phosphorus Wastewater treatment Pollutants Wetlands constructed wetland waste water management Aquaculture Ecosystem Eutrophication Phragmites communis Typha latifolia },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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