Maltais-LandryMarangerBrissonEtAl2009

Référence

Maltais-Landry, G., Maranger, R., Brisson, J. and Chazarenc, F. (2009) Nitrogen transformations and retention in planted and artificially aerated constructed wetlands. Water Research, 43(2):535-545. (URL )

Résumé

Nitrogen (N) processing in constructed wetlands (CWs) is often variable, and the contribution to N loss and retention by various pathways (nitrification/denitrification, plant uptake and sediment storage) remains unclear. We studied the seasonal variation of the effects of artificial aeration and three different macrophyte species (Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia and Phalaris arundinacea) on N processing (removal rates, transformations and export) using experimental CW mesocosms. Removal of total nitrogen (TN) was higher in summer and in planted and aerated units, with the highest mean removal in units planted with T. angustifolia. Export of ammonium (NH4+), a proxy for nitrification limitation, was higher in winter, and in unplanted and non-aerated units. Planted and aerated units had the highest export of oxidized nitrogen (NOy), a proxy for reduced denitrification. Redox potential, evapotranspiration (ETP) rates and hydraulic retention times (HRT) were all predictors of TN, NH4+ and NOy export, and significantly affected by plants. Denitrification was the main N sink in most treatments accounting for 47-62% of TN removal, while sediment storage was dominant in unplanted non-aerated units and units planted with P. arundinacea. Plant uptake accounted for less than 20% of the removal. Uncertainties about the long-term fate of the N stored in sediments suggest that the fraction attributed to denitrification losses could be underestimated in this study.

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@ARTICLE { Maltais-LandryMarangerBrissonEtAl2009,
    AUTHOR = { Maltais-Landry, G. and Maranger, R. and Brisson, J. and Chazarenc, F. },
    TITLE = { Nitrogen transformations and retention in planted and artificially aerated constructed wetlands },
    JOURNAL = { Water Research },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 43 },
    PAGES = { 535-545 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    MONTH = { feb },
    ABSTRACT = { Nitrogen (N) processing in constructed wetlands (CWs) is often variable, and the contribution to N loss and retention by various pathways (nitrification/denitrification, plant uptake and sediment storage) remains unclear. We studied the seasonal variation of the effects of artificial aeration and three different macrophyte species (Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia and Phalaris arundinacea) on N processing (removal rates, transformations and export) using experimental CW mesocosms. Removal of total nitrogen (TN) was higher in summer and in planted and aerated units, with the highest mean removal in units planted with T. angustifolia. Export of ammonium (NH4+), a proxy for nitrification limitation, was higher in winter, and in unplanted and non-aerated units. Planted and aerated units had the highest export of oxidized nitrogen (NOy), a proxy for reduced denitrification. Redox potential, evapotranspiration (ETP) rates and hydraulic retention times (HRT) were all predictors of TN, NH4+ and NOy export, and significantly affected by plants. Denitrification was the main N sink in most treatments accounting for 47-62% of TN removal, while sediment storage was dominant in unplanted non-aerated units and units planted with P. arundinacea. Plant uptake accounted for less than 20% of the removal. Uncertainties about the long-term fate of the N stored in sediments suggest that the fraction attributed to denitrification losses could be underestimated in this study. },
    ISSN = { 0043-1354 },
    KEYWORDS = { Horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands, Nitrogen, Nitrification, Denitrification, Macrophytes species, Artificial aeration },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.02.09 },
    URL = { http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V73-4TT9GD6-2/2/6fb3b377ce5fd0ee72533de31657f86f },
}

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