ButtonRodriguezBrissonEtAl2016

Référence

Button, M., Rodriguez, M., Brisson, J. and Weber, K.P. (2016) Use of two spatially separated plant species alters microbial community function in horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Ecological Engineering, 92:18-27. (Scopus )

Résumé

Both the presence and diversity of plants are integral to the development and functional abilities of microbial communities within constructed wetlands (CWs). The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of different individual and paired plant species combinations on microbial community function in HSSF mesocosm CWs. Experimental systems were quadruplicated and operated as two mesocosms in series planted with Phragmites australis (X) or Phalaris arundinacea (O), giving four possible sequential combinations (XX, XO, OX, OO). Wastewater was loaded each day into position 1 mesocosm with the outflow entering position 2 mesocosm, and the corresponding position 2 mesocosm outflow representing an overall experimental system effluent. The metabolic function of the interstitial-based microbial communities within each of the 16 mesocosm pairs was assessed at a single time point in the spring (May) based on community-level physiological profiles (CLPPs) gathered using Biolog® EcoPlates. Microbial activity and metabolic richness (number of carbon sources utilised) were found to be higher in position 1 mesocosms compared to position two. Microbial community carbon source utilisation patterns (CSUPs), overall activity and metabolic richness were similar between all mesocosms from position 1-irrespective of plant species. When assessing microbial communities in position 2 of each pairing a greater variety of CSUPs, activities and metabolic richness' could be found suggesting the sequence and choice of plant can alter the microbial community function in the HSSF mesocosms. Of particular interest were the mesocosm/plant species combinations containing Phalaris in the position 2 which led to higher overall microbial activity and richness, distinct carbon source utilisation patterns (CSUPs) and an increased utilisation of specific carbon sources further from the inlet. More specifically the XO pairings (Phragmites-Phalaris) seemed to offer the most promising overall microbial function throughout both positions 1 and 2 in series suggesting plant diversity may help enhance microbial community function, and therefore microbial based water treatment capacity. The findings also suggest that the microbial communities associated with each plant species respond differently to factors such as nutrient availability, and although not yet clearly defined, further highlights the potential for improved or tailored water treatment in CWs through selection of specific plant species and combinations. Broader microbial community function or greater activity did not correlate with improved water treatment efficiency in this study. This may have been due to the relatively low contaminant loads utilised, or the limited amount of data collected. Further study across several seasons or with higher contaminant loads is recommended. © 2016 .

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@ARTICLE { ButtonRodriguezBrissonEtAl2016,
    AUTHOR = { Button, M. and Rodriguez, M. and Brisson, J. and Weber, K.P. },
    TITLE = { Use of two spatially separated plant species alters microbial community function in horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Engineering },
    YEAR = { 2016 },
    VOLUME = { 92 },
    PAGES = { 18-27 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Both the presence and diversity of plants are integral to the development and functional abilities of microbial communities within constructed wetlands (CWs). The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of different individual and paired plant species combinations on microbial community function in HSSF mesocosm CWs. Experimental systems were quadruplicated and operated as two mesocosms in series planted with Phragmites australis (X) or Phalaris arundinacea (O), giving four possible sequential combinations (XX, XO, OX, OO). Wastewater was loaded each day into position 1 mesocosm with the outflow entering position 2 mesocosm, and the corresponding position 2 mesocosm outflow representing an overall experimental system effluent. The metabolic function of the interstitial-based microbial communities within each of the 16 mesocosm pairs was assessed at a single time point in the spring (May) based on community-level physiological profiles (CLPPs) gathered using Biolog® EcoPlates. Microbial activity and metabolic richness (number of carbon sources utilised) were found to be higher in position 1 mesocosms compared to position two. Microbial community carbon source utilisation patterns (CSUPs), overall activity and metabolic richness were similar between all mesocosms from position 1-irrespective of plant species. When assessing microbial communities in position 2 of each pairing a greater variety of CSUPs, activities and metabolic richness' could be found suggesting the sequence and choice of plant can alter the microbial community function in the HSSF mesocosms. Of particular interest were the mesocosm/plant species combinations containing Phalaris in the position 2 which led to higher overall microbial activity and richness, distinct carbon source utilisation patterns (CSUPs) and an increased utilisation of specific carbon sources further from the inlet. More specifically the XO pairings (Phragmites-Phalaris) seemed to offer the most promising overall microbial function throughout both positions 1 and 2 in series suggesting plant diversity may help enhance microbial community function, and therefore microbial based water treatment capacity. The findings also suggest that the microbial communities associated with each plant species respond differently to factors such as nutrient availability, and although not yet clearly defined, further highlights the potential for improved or tailored water treatment in CWs through selection of specific plant species and combinations. Broader microbial community function or greater activity did not correlate with improved water treatment efficiency in this study. This may have been due to the relatively low contaminant loads utilised, or the limited amount of data collected. Further study across several seasons or with higher contaminant loads is recommended. © 2016 . },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Community level physiological profiling; Constructed wetland; Horizontal subsurface flow; Microbial community; Plant diversity; Water treatment },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.03.044 },
    KEYWORDS = { Metabolism; Microorganisms; Physiology; Water treatment; Wetlands, Community level physiological profiling; Constructed wetlands; Horizontal subsurface flow; Microbial communities; Plant diversity, Effluents, Phalaris; Phalaris arundinacea; Phragmites; Phragmites australis },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84962275674&partnerID=40&md5=d07f2474a7a75f425fbe5f7296fc6c56 },
}

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