BrissonCogliastroRobert2006

Référence

Brisson, J., Cogliastro, A. and Robert, M. (2006) Controlling speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa) invasion in a wetland reserve of Southern Quebec. Natural Areas Journal, 26(1):78-83.

Résumé

Managing invasive species in natural areas of high ecological value generally involves the selection of an appropriate control method that is cost effective while minimizing the secondary impacts of the control operation on the ecosystem. During the last decades, speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa) has been invading wet sedge meadows of the Lac Saint-Franc?ois National Wildlife Area (NWA), Que?bec, Canada. This invasion threatens the habitat of several bird and plant species considered rare at the national and provincial levels. We evaluated effectiveness and impacts of four methods for controlling alder invasion in the wetland. As a short-term control method, controlled fire appears to be ineffective in the context of the Lac Saint-Franc?ois NWA, as suggested by the high survival of alders in a zone previously burnt on our study site. Double-cut of the shoots aims at killing the shrubs by depleting nutrient reserves in the roots using two successive cuts during the same growing season. This method was also shown to be ineffective: more than 80% of the treated alders resprouted vigorously the following year. Foliar application of herbicide with a rope-wick applicator to control smaller shrubs did kill all treated individuals. However, this method showed high risks of herbicide dripping and should be used with care. The most promising control method was the herbicide treatment of cut stumps. This method was efficient and cheap. It was also efficient at the end of winter, when the ground of the wetland was still frozen, which facilitated accessibility and limited damages to non-target species caused by trampling or herbicide dripping.

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@ARTICLE { BrissonCogliastroRobert2006,
    AUTHOR = { Brisson, J. and Cogliastro, A. and Robert, M. },
    TITLE = { Controlling speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa) invasion in a wetland reserve of Southern Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Natural Areas Journal },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 26 },
    PAGES = { 78-83 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 08858608 (ISSN) Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: NAJOE Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Brisson, J.; Institut de Recherche en Biologie Ve?ge?tale; Universite? de Montre?al; 4101 East, Sherbrooke St. Montre?al, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: jacques.brisson@umontreal.ca References: Aksamit, S.E., Scott, F.D., Prescribed burning for lowland black spruce regeneration in northern Minnesota (1984) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, pp. 07-113; Auclair, A.N., Bouchard, A., Pajaczkowski, J., Plant composition and species relation on the Huntingdon Marsh, Quebec (1973) Canadian Journal Botany, 51, pp. 1231-1247; Bowles, M., McBride, J., Stoynoff, N., Johnson, K., Temporal changes in vegetation composition and structure in a fire-managed fen (1996) Natural Areas Journal, 16, pp. 275-288; Buckman, R.E., Silvicultural use of prescribed burning in the Lake States (1965) Proceedings of the Society of American Foresters Annual Meeting, pp. 38-40. , September 1964. Society of American Foresters, Denver, Colo; Burgason, B.N., Prescribed burning for management of hawthorn and alder (1976) New York Fish and Game Journal, 23, pp. 160-169; Clark, D.L., Wilson, M.V., Fire, mowing, and hand-removal of wood species in restoring a native wetland prairie in the Willamette Valley of Oregon (2001) Wetlands, 21, pp. 135-144; (2004) Canadian Species at Risk, May 2004, , Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, Ont; Dickmann, D.I., Rollinger, J.L., Fire for restoration of communities and ecosystems (1998) Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 79, pp. 157-160. , Re?sume? d'un symposium sur le sujet a? Albuquerque, New Mexico, 11 aou?t 1997; Favreau, R., Michaud, J., Pelletier, J., (1995) Expe?rimentation de Doubles Coupes Pour Le Contro?le de la Ve?ge?tation Compe?titive et L'entretien de Plantations (Rapport Synthe?se), , Projet no1025. Groupe autonome de recherche et de de?veloppement de l'Est (GARDE). Ressources naturelles Canada. Service Canadien des Fore?ts, Que; (2003) Gazette Officielle du Que?bec, 13, pp. 1805-1809. , Arre?te? du ministre de l'Environnement et du ministre responsable de la Faune et des Parcs en date du 13 mars 2003. 26 mars 2003, 135e anne?e; Gratton, L., (1996) La Restauration des Prairies Humides de la Re?serve Nationale de Faune du Lac Saint-Franc?ois, , Rapport pre?sente? au Service canadien de la faune, re?gion du Que?bec. Environnement Canada, Que; Heidorn, R., Vegetation management guideline: Exotic buckthorns - Common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.), glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula L.), dahurian buckthorn (Rhamnus davurica Pall.) (1991) Natural Areas Journal, 11, pp. 216-217; Jean, M., Bouchard, A., Temporal changes in wetland landscapes of a section of the St. Lawrence River, Canada (1991) Environmental Management, 15, pp. 241-250; Jobidon, R., Aute?cologie de quelques espe?ces de compe?tition d'importance pour la re?ge?ne?ration forestie?re au Que?bec (1995) Me?moire de Recherche No 117, , Direction de la Recherche Forestie?re, Ministe?re des Ressources naturelles, Gouvernement du Que?bec, Que; Kays, J.S., Canham, C.D., Effect of time and frequency of cutting on hardwood root reserves and sprout growth (1991) Forest Science, 37, pp. 524-539; Kost, M.A., DeSteven, D., Plant community responses to prescribe burning in Wisconsin sedge meadows (2000) Natural Areas Journal, 20, pp. 36-45; Labrecque, J., Lavoie, G., (2002) Les Plantes Vasculaires Menace?es Ou Vulne?rables du Que?bec, , Gouvernement du Que?bec, Ministe?re de l'environnement. Direction du patrimoine e?cologique et du de?veloppement durable, Que; Melanc?on, M., Lethiecq, J.L., (1981) Inventaire des Sols et de la Ve?ge?tation des Marais de la Re?serve Nationale de Faune du Lac Saint-Franc?ois, , Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Que; Middleton, B., Winter burning and the reduction of Cornus sericea in sedge meadows in southern Wisconsin (2002) Restoration Ecology, 10, pp. 723-730; Pendergrass, K.L., Miller, P.M., Kauffman, J.B., Prescribed fire and the response of woody species in Willamette Valley wetland prairies (1998) Restoration Ecology, 6, pp. 303-311; Reinhartz, J.A., Controlling glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula L.) with winter herbicide treatments of cut stumps (1997) Natural Areas Journal, 17, pp. 38-41; Richardson, J., (1979) Releasing Softwood Regeneration from Overtopping Alders, , Inf. Rep. N-X-213, Newfoundland Forest Research Center, St. John's, N.F; Robert, M., Laporte, P., Le Ra?le jaune dans le sud du Que?bec: Inventaires, habitats et nidification (1996) Se?rie de Rapports Techniques No 247, , Service canadien de la faune, re?gion de Que?bec, Environnement Canada, Sainte-Foy; Robert, M., Laporte, P., Numbers and movements of Yellow Rails along the St. Lawrence River, Quebec (1999) Condor, 101, pp. 667-671; Robert, M., Laporte, P., Benoit, R., Summer habitat of Yellow Rails, Coturnicops noveboracensis, along the St. Lawrence River, Quebec (2000) Canadian Field-Naturalist, 114, pp. 628-635; Seiger, L.A., Merchant, H.C., Mechanical control of Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica [Houtt.] Ronse): Effect of cutting regime on rhizomatous reserves (1997) Natural Areas Journal, 17, pp. 341-345; Wright, H.A., Bailey, A.W., (1982) Fire Ecology, , United States and Southern Canada. Wiley-Interscience, New York. },
    ABSTRACT = { Managing invasive species in natural areas of high ecological value generally involves the selection of an appropriate control method that is cost effective while minimizing the secondary impacts of the control operation on the ecosystem. During the last decades, speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa) has been invading wet sedge meadows of the Lac Saint-Franc?ois National Wildlife Area (NWA), Que?bec, Canada. This invasion threatens the habitat of several bird and plant species considered rare at the national and provincial levels. We evaluated effectiveness and impacts of four methods for controlling alder invasion in the wetland. As a short-term control method, controlled fire appears to be ineffective in the context of the Lac Saint-Franc?ois NWA, as suggested by the high survival of alders in a zone previously burnt on our study site. Double-cut of the shoots aims at killing the shrubs by depleting nutrient reserves in the roots using two successive cuts during the same growing season. This method was also shown to be ineffective: more than 80% of the treated alders resprouted vigorously the following year. Foliar application of herbicide with a rope-wick applicator to control smaller shrubs did kill all treated individuals. However, this method showed high risks of herbicide dripping and should be used with care. The most promising control method was the herbicide treatment of cut stumps. This method was efficient and cheap. It was also efficient at the end of winter, when the ground of the wetland was still frozen, which facilitated accessibility and limited damages to non-target species caused by trampling or herbicide dripping. },
    KEYWORDS = { Alnus incana spp. rugosa Controlled fire Herbicide Sedge meadows Speckled alder Wetland management biological invasion habitat management weed control wetland Canada North America Quebec [Canada] Alnus Alnus incana Aves Betulaceae },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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