LamhamediBernierFortin1992a

Référence

Lamhamedi, M.S., Bernier, P.Y. and Fortin, J.A. (1992) Hydraulic conductance and soil-water potential at the soil root interface of Pinus-pinaster seedlings inoculated with different dikaryons of Pisolithus sp. Tree Physiology, 10(3):231-244.

Résumé

Seedlings of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) were inoculated with different dikaryons of Pisolithus sp. from South Africa to determine the influence of extension of the extramatrical phase and diameter of the mycelial strands on water relations parameters including xylem water potential (PSI(x)), soil water potential at the soil-root interface (PSI(s)) and hydraulic conductance (L(p)) during and after a period of water stress. Seedlings inoculated with dikaryons having an extensive extramatrical phase and large diameter mycelial strands showed higher PSI(s) (-2 MPa) during severe water stress than seedlings inoculated with dikaryons producing fine hyphae and sparse extramatrical phases (-3.8 MPa). Seedlings inoculated with strand-forming dikaryons recovered faster from water stress than did non-inoculated seedlings or seedlings inoculated with non-strand-forming dikaryons. Architectural aspects of the extramatrical phase, including the presence of large diameter mycelial strands or fine hyphae, influenced the soil-root contact and the water relations of an inoculated host plant. When water stress was not limiting, the architecture of the extramatrical phase did not have a large effect on PSI(s). It is suggested that the architecture of the extramatrical phase influences the resistance to water flow through the soil-root interface and that large mycelial strands increase the water flow by bridging the gap between the soil and the root. These changes in physiology indicate that dikaryons can improve the survival of Pinus pinaster under dry conditions.

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@ARTICLE { LamhamediBernierFortin1992a,
    AUTHOR = { Lamhamedi, M.S. and Bernier, P.Y. and Fortin, J.A. },
    TITLE = { Hydraulic conductance and soil-water potential at the soil root interface of Pinus-pinaster seedlings inoculated with different dikaryons of Pisolithus sp },
    JOURNAL = { Tree Physiology },
    YEAR = { 1992 },
    VOLUME = { 10 },
    PAGES = { 231-244 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { Lamhamedi, ms bernier, py fortin, ja },
    ABSTRACT = { Seedlings of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) were inoculated with different dikaryons of Pisolithus sp. from South Africa to determine the influence of extension of the extramatrical phase and diameter of the mycelial strands on water relations parameters including xylem water potential (PSI(x)), soil water potential at the soil-root interface (PSI(s)) and hydraulic conductance (L(p)) during and after a period of water stress. Seedlings inoculated with dikaryons having an extensive extramatrical phase and large diameter mycelial strands showed higher PSI(s) (-2 MPa) during severe water stress than seedlings inoculated with dikaryons producing fine hyphae and sparse extramatrical phases (-3.8 MPa). Seedlings inoculated with strand-forming dikaryons recovered faster from water stress than did non-inoculated seedlings or seedlings inoculated with non-strand-forming dikaryons. Architectural aspects of the extramatrical phase, including the presence of large diameter mycelial strands or fine hyphae, influenced the soil-root contact and the water relations of an inoculated host plant. When water stress was not limiting, the architecture of the extramatrical phase did not have a large effect on PSI(s). It is suggested that the architecture of the extramatrical phase influences the resistance to water flow through the soil-root interface and that large mycelial strands increase the water flow by bridging the gap between the soil and the root. These changes in physiology indicate that dikaryons can improve the survival of Pinus pinaster under dry conditions. },
}

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