DrouinSellamiPrevostEtAl2010

Référence

Drouin, P., Sellami, M., Prevost, D., Fortin, J.A. and Antoun, H. (2010) Tolerance to agricultural pesticides of strains belonging to four genera of Rhizobiaceae. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 45(8):780-788. (Scopus )

Résumé

In order to determine their tolerance to pesticides, 122 strains of rhizobia isolated from different geographical regions, and belonging to the genera Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Sinorhizobium and Bradyrhizobium were tested against eight herbicides, four fungicides and five insecticides. Sensitivity to the pesticides was measured by using the filter paper disk method at four concentrations, 0.45, 4.5, 45 and 450 µg per disk. When the pesticides were used at 0.45 µg per disk, a concentration similar to that found when pesticides are applied under field conditions, no inhibition was observed. Strains growth was affected at concentrations of 45 and 450 µg pesticide per disk. These higher concentrations can be encountered when seeds are treated with pesticides. Pesticides tolerance level was correlated to pesticide function, i.e rhizobial strains were more tolerant to insecticides, followed by herbicides and then fungicides. Two fungicides, captan and mancozeb, inhibited the highest number of strains. Only one insecticide, carbaryl, affected the growth of some rhizobial strains. Strains isolated from the arctic (Mesorhizobium spp. and R. leguminosarum bv. viciae), a putative pesticides-free environment, were either less or equally affected by pesticides compared to strains isolated from agricultural regions.

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@ARTICLE { DrouinSellamiPrevostEtAl2010,
    AUTHOR = { Drouin, P. and Sellami, M. and Prevost, D. and Fortin, J.A. and Antoun, H. },
    TITLE = { Tolerance to agricultural pesticides of strains belonging to four genera of Rhizobiaceae. },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes },
    YEAR = { 2010 },
    VOLUME = { 45 },
    NUMBER = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 780-788 },
    NOTE = { cited By 3 },
    ABSTRACT = { In order to determine their tolerance to pesticides, 122 strains of rhizobia isolated from different geographical regions, and belonging to the genera Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Sinorhizobium and Bradyrhizobium were tested against eight herbicides, four fungicides and five insecticides. Sensitivity to the pesticides was measured by using the filter paper disk method at four concentrations, 0.45, 4.5, 45 and 450 µg per disk. When the pesticides were used at 0.45 µg per disk, a concentration similar to that found when pesticides are applied under field conditions, no inhibition was observed. Strains growth was affected at concentrations of 45 and 450 µg pesticide per disk. These higher concentrations can be encountered when seeds are treated with pesticides. Pesticides tolerance level was correlated to pesticide function, i.e rhizobial strains were more tolerant to insecticides, followed by herbicides and then fungicides. Two fungicides, captan and mancozeb, inhibited the highest number of strains. Only one insecticide, carbaryl, affected the growth of some rhizobial strains. Strains isolated from the arctic (Mesorhizobium spp. and R. leguminosarum bv. viciae), a putative pesticides-free environment, were either less or equally affected by pesticides compared to strains isolated from agricultural regions. },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    KEYWORDS = { pesticide, agriculture; article; classification; disk diffusion; drug effect; genetics; isolation and purification; microbiology; Rhizobiaceae, Agriculture; Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests; Pesticides; Rhizobiaceae; Soil Microbiology },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-79952201034&partnerID=40&md5=c8b1dd6d725bc00d6181bc9131047ba3 },
}

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