MahdaviLaforestLapointeMasse2021

Référence

Mahdavi, M., Laforest-Lapointe, I., Massé, E. (2021) Preventing colorectal cancer through prebiotics. Microorganisms, 9(6). (Scopus )

Résumé

Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third most common cancer in the world, has been recently rising in emerging countries due to environmental and lifestyle factors. Many of these factors are brought up by industrialization, which includes lack of physical activity, poor diet, circadian rhythm disruption, and increase in alcohol consumption. They can increase the risk of CRC by changing the colonic environment and by altering gut microbiota composition, a state referred to as gut dysbiosis. Prebiotics, which are nutrients that can help maintain intestinal microbial homeostasis and mitigate dysbiosis, could be beneficial in preventing inflammation and CRC. These nutrients can hinder the effects of dysbiosis by encouraging the growth of beneficial bacteria involved in short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) production, anti-inflammatory immunity, maintenance of the intestinal epithelial barrier, pro-apoptotic mechanisms, and other cellular mechanisms. This review aims to summarize recent reports about the implication of prebiotics, and probable mechanisms, in the prevention and treatment of CRC. Various experimental studies, specifically in gut microbiome, have effectively demonstrated the protective effect of prebiotics in the progress of CRC. Hence, comprehensive knowledge is urgent to understand the clinical applications of prebiotics in the prevention or treatment of CRC. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).

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@ARTICLE { MahdaviLaforestLapointeMasse2021,
    AUTHOR = { Mahdavi, M. and Laforest-Lapointe, I. and Massé, E. },
    JOURNAL = { Microorganisms },
    TITLE = { Preventing colorectal cancer through prebiotics },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    VOLUME = { 9 },
    ABSTRACT = { Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third most common cancer in the world, has been recently rising in emerging countries due to environmental and lifestyle factors. Many of these factors are brought up by industrialization, which includes lack of physical activity, poor diet, circadian rhythm disruption, and increase in alcohol consumption. They can increase the risk of CRC by changing the colonic environment and by altering gut microbiota composition, a state referred to as gut dysbiosis. Prebiotics, which are nutrients that can help maintain intestinal microbial homeostasis and mitigate dysbiosis, could be beneficial in preventing inflammation and CRC. These nutrients can hinder the effects of dysbiosis by encouraging the growth of beneficial bacteria involved in short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) production, anti-inflammatory immunity, maintenance of the intestinal epithelial barrier, pro-apoptotic mechanisms, and other cellular mechanisms. This review aims to summarize recent reports about the implication of prebiotics, and probable mechanisms, in the prevention and treatment of CRC. Various experimental studies, specifically in gut microbiome, have effectively demonstrated the protective effect of prebiotics in the progress of CRC. Hence, comprehensive knowledge is urgent to understand the clinical applications of prebiotics in the prevention or treatment of CRC. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/). },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Biochemistry and Functional Genomics, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1E 4K8, Canada; Department of Biology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1E 4K8, Canada },
    ART_NUMBER = { 1325 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Cancer prevention; Colorectal cancer; Gut dysbiosis; Inflammation; Microbiome; Microbiota; Prebiotics; Short chain fatty acids },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Review },
    DOI = { 10.3390/microorganisms9061325 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85108117134&doi=10.3390%2fmicroorganisms9061325&partnerID=40&md5=7e72d2d24b6f9a6eb093351fa61984d5 },
}

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