DanneyrollesCyrGirardinEtAl2021

Référence

Danneyrolles, V., Cyr, D., Girardin, M.-P., Gauthier, S., Asselin, H., Bergeron, Y. (2021) Influences of climate fluctuations on northeastern North America's burned areas largely outweigh those of European settlement since AD 1850. Environ. Res. Lett., 16(11):114007. (URL )

Résumé

There is a pressing need for a better understanding of changing forest fire regimes worldwide, especially to separate the relative effects of potential drivers that control burned areas. Here we present a meta-analysis of the impacts of climate fluctuation and Euro-Canadian settlement on burned areas from 1850 to 1990 in a large zone (>100 000 km2) in northern temperate and boreal forests of eastern Canada. Using Cox regression models, we tested for potential statistical relationships between historical burned areas in 12 large landscapes (reconstructed with dendrochronological data) with climate reconstructions, changes in the Euro-Canadian population, and active suppression (all reconstructed at the decadal scale). Our results revealed a dominant impact of climate fluctuations on forest burned areas, with the driest decades showing fire hazards between 5 to 15 times higher than the average decades. Comparatively, the Euro-Canadian settlement had a much weaker effect, having increased burned areas significantly only during less fire-prone climate conditions. During periods of fire-prone climate, burned areas were maximum independent of fluctuations in Euro-Canadian populations. Moreover, the development of active fire suppression did not appear to reduce burned areas. These results suggest that a potential increase in climate moisture deficit and drought may trigger unprecedented burned areas and extreme fire events no matter the effects of anthropogenic ignition or suppression.

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@ARTICLE { DanneyrollesCyrGirardinEtAl2021,
    AUTHOR = { Danneyrolles, V. and Cyr, D. and Girardin, M.-P. and Gauthier, S. and Asselin, H. and Bergeron, Y. },
    JOURNAL = { Environ. Res. Lett. },
    TITLE = { Influences of climate fluctuations on northeastern North America's burned areas largely outweigh those of European settlement since {AD} 1850 },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    MONTH = { oct },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    PAGES = { 114007 },
    VOLUME = { 16 },
    ABSTRACT = { There is a pressing need for a better understanding of changing forest fire regimes worldwide, especially to separate the relative effects of potential drivers that control burned areas. Here we present a meta-analysis of the impacts of climate fluctuation and Euro-Canadian settlement on burned areas from 1850 to 1990 in a large zone (>100 000 km2) in northern temperate and boreal forests of eastern Canada. Using Cox regression models, we tested for potential statistical relationships between historical burned areas in 12 large landscapes (reconstructed with dendrochronological data) with climate reconstructions, changes in the Euro-Canadian population, and active suppression (all reconstructed at the decadal scale). Our results revealed a dominant impact of climate fluctuations on forest burned areas, with the driest decades showing fire hazards between 5 to 15 times higher than the average decades. Comparatively, the Euro-Canadian settlement had a much weaker effect, having increased burned areas significantly only during less fire-prone climate conditions. During periods of fire-prone climate, burned areas were maximum independent of fluctuations in Euro-Canadian populations. Moreover, the development of active fire suppression did not appear to reduce burned areas. These results suggest that a potential increase in climate moisture deficit and drought may trigger unprecedented burned areas and extreme fire events no matter the effects of anthropogenic ignition or suppression. },
    DOI = { 10.1088/1748-9326/ac2ce7 },
    OWNER = { Daniel Lesieur },
    PUBLISHER = { {IOP} Publishing },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2021-10-20 },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac2ce7 },
}

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