CoyeaMargolis1992

Reference

Coyea, M.R. and Margolis, H.A. (1992) Factors affecting the relationship between sapwood area and leaf-area of balsam fir. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 22(11):1684-1693.

Abstract

The ratio between projected leaf area (LA) and cross sectional sapwood area (SA) of dominant and codominant balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) was determined in 24 forest stands across the province of Quebec. Various physical factors proposed in the Whitehead hydraulic model, and some of the easily measured surrogates of these factors, were tested for their influence on LA:SA ratios. Average growing season vapor pressure deficit, temperature, precipitation, and stand drainage class did not significantly influence LA:SA ratios. On the other hand, LA:SA ratios were positively influenced by sapwood permeability (k), tree height, and crown length. As suggested by the model, there was a positive correlation between sapwood permeability and LA:SA ratio and a negative correlation between tree height or crown length and LA/(SA k). Increases in sapwood permeability with tree age were associated with longer tracheids having larger lumen diameters. Of the various empirical factors tested, only site quality, 5-year basal area growth, and age had a significant influence on LA:SA ratios. Sapwood cross-sectional area at breast height by itself was a reasonable linear predictor of LA for all stands (LA -0.158 + 0.709 SA(BH), R2 = 0.75). Using the variables that were previously determined to influence LA:SA ratios, stepwise regressions revealed that only crown length and 5-year basal area growth significantly improved linear predictions of LA based on sapwood area. However, the increase in R2 was relatively modest, i.e., 0.83 for all three independent variables versus 0.75 for SA alone. The results from this study will be useful in integrating physiologically based measurements, such as growth efficiency, into standard forest inventory practices for balsam fir and thus could be beneficial in developing new silvicultural strategies for protecting Quebec's forest resource.

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@ARTICLE { CoyeaMargolis1992,
    AUTHOR = { Coyea, M.R. and Margolis, H.A. },
    TITLE = { Factors affecting the relationship between sapwood area and leaf-area of balsam fir },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 1992 },
    VOLUME = { 22 },
    PAGES = { 1684-1693 },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 46 },
    ABSTRACT = { The ratio between projected leaf area (LA) and cross sectional sapwood area (SA) of dominant and codominant balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) was determined in 24 forest stands across the province of Quebec. Various physical factors proposed in the Whitehead hydraulic model, and some of the easily measured surrogates of these factors, were tested for their influence on LA:SA ratios. Average growing season vapor pressure deficit, temperature, precipitation, and stand drainage class did not significantly influence LA:SA ratios. On the other hand, LA:SA ratios were positively influenced by sapwood permeability (k), tree height, and crown length. As suggested by the model, there was a positive correlation between sapwood permeability and LA:SA ratio and a negative correlation between tree height or crown length and LA/(SA k). Increases in sapwood permeability with tree age were associated with longer tracheids having larger lumen diameters. Of the various empirical factors tested, only site quality, 5-year basal area growth, and age had a significant influence on LA:SA ratios. Sapwood cross-sectional area at breast height by itself was a reasonable linear predictor of LA for all stands (LA -0.158 + 0.709 SA(BH), R2 = 0.75). Using the variables that were previously determined to influence LA:SA ratios, stepwise regressions revealed that only crown length and 5-year basal area growth significantly improved linear predictions of LA based on sapwood area. However, the increase in R2 was relatively modest, i.e., 0.83 for all three independent variables versus 0.75 for SA alone. The results from this study will be useful in integrating physiologically based measurements, such as growth efficiency, into standard forest inventory practices for balsam fir and thus could be beneficial in developing new silvicultural strategies for protecting Quebec's forest resource. },
    KEYWORDS = { LODGEPOLE PINE STANDS; DOUGLAS-FIR; FOLIAGE AREA; BASAL AREA; STOMATAL CONTROL; ABIES-BALSAMEA; SCOTS PINE; TREE VIGOR; BIOMASS; INDEX },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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