LiuXuBerningerEtAl2004

Référence

Liu, X., Xu, H., Berninger, F., Luukkanen, O. and Li, C. (2004) Nutrient distribution in Picea likiangensis trees growing in a plantation in West Sichuan, Southwest China. Silva Fennica, 38(3):235-242.

Résumé

We measured nutrient distribution of Picea likiangensis (Franchet) E. Pritzel var. balfouriana trees growing in a plantation by field investigations, sample tree and plot harvest in West Sichuan, Southwest China. Based on the results in this study, the total biomass of plant compartments in plantation ecosystem was 114829.1 kg ha-1. Tree, shrub, herb, bryophyte and litter layers accounted for 93.9%, 0.9%, 0.02%, 0.04%, 5.2%, respectively. The total biomass of tree layers was 107817.1 kg ha-1. Needles, branches, stem wood, stem bark and roots accounted for 13.2%, 19.7%, 42.3%, 10.0% and 14.8%, respectively. The concentration of the nutrients was generally highest in the actively growing parts of the trees (e.g. needles) and lowest in the structural and not actively growing parts (e.g. stem wood). On the other hand, the concentrations of N, P, K and Mg were generally higher in the current year needles and branches than in the older needles and branches. These nutrient concentrations were also higher in the upper stem wood and bark than in the lower stem wood and bark, and in small roots than in large roots, whereas the opposite patterns were observed for the concentration of Ca in these compartments. The results will be helpful in understanding the nutrient behavior in a highly productive forest plantation and thereby providing decisive information for their sustainable management.

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@ARTICLE { LiuXuBerningerEtAl2004,
    AUTHOR = { Liu, X. and Xu, H. and Berninger, F. and Luukkanen, O. and Li, C. },
    TITLE = { Nutrient distribution in Picea likiangensis trees growing in a plantation in West Sichuan, Southwest China },
    JOURNAL = { Silva Fennica },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 38 },
    PAGES = { 235-242 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 00375330 (ISSN) Export Date: 24 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: SIFEA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Liu, X.; Chengdu Institute of Biology; Chinese Academy of Sciences; P.O. Box 416 Chengdu 610041, China; email: licy@cib.ac.cn References: Alban, D.H., Perala, D.A., Schlaegel, B.E., Biomass and nutrient distribution in aspen, pine, and spruce stands on the same soil type in Minnesota (1978) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 8, pp. 290-299; Braekke, F.H., Ha?land, B., Above-ground biomass and mineral element distribution in Scots pine stand of a virgin low-shrub pine bog (1995) Communications of Skogforsk, 17p. , 47.7; Chen, H., Biomass and nutrient distribution in a Chinese-fir plantation chronosequence in Southwest Hunan, China (1998) Forest Ecology and Management, 105, pp. 209-216; Colin-Belgrand, M., Ranger, J., Bouchon, J., Internal nutrient translocation in chestnut tree stemwood: III. 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    ABSTRACT = { We measured nutrient distribution of Picea likiangensis (Franchet) E. Pritzel var. balfouriana trees growing in a plantation by field investigations, sample tree and plot harvest in West Sichuan, Southwest China. Based on the results in this study, the total biomass of plant compartments in plantation ecosystem was 114829.1 kg ha-1. Tree, shrub, herb, bryophyte and litter layers accounted for 93.9%, 0.9%, 0.02%, 0.04%, 5.2%, respectively. The total biomass of tree layers was 107817.1 kg ha-1. Needles, branches, stem wood, stem bark and roots accounted for 13.2%, 19.7%, 42.3%, 10.0% and 14.8%, respectively. The concentration of the nutrients was generally highest in the actively growing parts of the trees (e.g. needles) and lowest in the structural and not actively growing parts (e.g. stem wood). On the other hand, the concentrations of N, P, K and Mg were generally higher in the current year needles and branches than in the older needles and branches. These nutrient concentrations were also higher in the upper stem wood and bark than in the lower stem wood and bark, and in small roots than in large roots, whereas the opposite patterns were observed for the concentration of Ca in these compartments. The results will be helpful in understanding the nutrient behavior in a highly productive forest plantation and thereby providing decisive information for their sustainable management. },
    KEYWORDS = { Nutrient distribution Nutrient translocation Picea likiangensis Plantation Biomass Ecosystems Growth kinetics Harvesting Nutrition Sustainable development Nutrition distribution Plantation Plants (botany) biomass forest management nutrient availability nutrient dynamics plantation Bark Biomass Ecosystems Growth Harvesting Nutrition Picea Likiangensis Plants Stems Sustainable Forest Management Asia China Eurasia Far East Sichuan Bryophyta bryophytes Picea Picea likiangensis },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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