GraceBerningerNagy2002

Référence

Grace, J., Berninger, F. and Nagy, L. (2002) Impacts of climate change on the tree line. Annals of Botany, 90(4):537-544.

Résumé

The possible effects of climate change on the advance of the tree line are considered. As temperature, elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition co-vary, it is impossible to disentangle their impacts without performing experiments. However, it does seem very unlikely that photosynthesis per se and, by implication, factors that directly influence photosynthesis, such as elevated CO2, will be as important as those factors which influence the capacity of the tree to use the products of photosynthesis, such as temperature. Moreover, temperature limits growth more severely than it limits photosynthesis over the temperature range 5-20°C. If it is assumed that growth and reproduction are controlled by temperature, a rapid advance of the tree line would be predicted. Indeed, some authors have provided photographic evidence and remotely sensed data that suggest this is, in fact, occurring. In regions inhabited by grazing animals, the advance of the tree line will be curtailed, although growth of trees below the tree line will of course increase substantially. © 2002 Annals of Botany Company.

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@ARTICLE { GraceBerningerNagy2002,
    AUTHOR = { Grace, J. and Berninger, F. and Nagy, L. },
    TITLE = { Impacts of climate change on the tree line },
    JOURNAL = { Annals of Botany },
    YEAR = { 2002 },
    VOLUME = { 90 },
    PAGES = { 537-544 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 03057364 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 39 Export Date: 24 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: ANBOA doi: 10.1093/aob/mcf222 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Grace, J.; Inst. of Ecol./Resource Management; University of Edinburgh Edinburgh EH9 3JU, United Kingdom; email: jgrace@ed.ac.uk References: Alden, J., Mastrantonio, J.L., Ødum, S., (1993) Forest Development in Cold Climates, , New York: Plenum Press; Barclay, A.M., Crawford, R.M.M., Seedling emergence in the rowan Sorbus aucuparia from an altitudinal gradient (1984) Journal of Ecology, 72, pp. 627-636; Beneke, U., Davis, M.R., (1980) Mountain Environments and Subalpine Tree Growth, , Wellington, New Zealand: Forest Research Institute; Berg, B., Berg, M.P., Bottner, P., Box, E., Breymeyer, A., Deanta, R.C., Couteaux, M., Desanto, A.V., Litter mass-loss rates in pine forests of Europe and eastern United States - Some relationships with climate and litter quality (1993) Biogeochemistry, 20, pp. 127-159; Berninger, F., Nikinmaa, E., Hari, P., Lindholm, M., Merila?inen, J., Growth at Fennoscandian treelines is increasingly carbon saturated (2002) Annals of Botany, , Submitted; Bernoulli, M., Ko?rner, C., Dry matter allocation in treeline trees (1999) Phyton-Annales Rei Botanicae, 39, pp. 7-11; Betts, R.A., Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal afforestation by decreases in surface albedo (2000) Nature, 408, pp. 187-201; Birks, H.J.B., Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree spreading in the British Isles (1989) Journal of Biogeography, 16, pp. 503-540; Briffa, K.R., Schweingruber, F.H., Jones, P.D., Osborn, T.J., Harris, I.C., Shiyatov, S.G., Vaganov, E.A., Grudd, H., Trees tell of past climates but are they speaking less clearly today? 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    ABSTRACT = { The possible effects of climate change on the advance of the tree line are considered. As temperature, elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition co-vary, it is impossible to disentangle their impacts without performing experiments. However, it does seem very unlikely that photosynthesis per se and, by implication, factors that directly influence photosynthesis, such as elevated CO2, will be as important as those factors which influence the capacity of the tree to use the products of photosynthesis, such as temperature. Moreover, temperature limits growth more severely than it limits photosynthesis over the temperature range 5-20°C. If it is assumed that growth and reproduction are controlled by temperature, a rapid advance of the tree line would be predicted. Indeed, some authors have provided photographic evidence and remotely sensed data that suggest this is, in fact, occurring. In regions inhabited by grazing animals, the advance of the tree line will be curtailed, although growth of trees below the tree line will of course increase substantially. © 2002 Annals of Botany Company. },
    KEYWORDS = { Alpine Arctic CO2 Global warming Krummholz N-deposition Review Tree line carbon dioxide enrichment climate change global warming treeline climate Climate },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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