BerningerSonninenAaltoEtAl2000

Référence

Berninger, F., Sonninen, E., Aalto, T. and Lloyd, J. (2000) Modeling 13C discrimination in tree rings. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(1):213-223.

Résumé

Annual variations from 1877 to 1995 in tree-ring ?-cellulose 13C/12C isotopic ratios for four subarctic Pinus sylvestris trees were determined, and, in conjunction with a recent record of atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 ratios, the historical pattern of photosynthetic isotope discrimination, ?13C, was evaluated. Year-to-year variability in ?13C has been as much as 1.5? with the period 1900-1920 showing an extended period of unusually high photosynthetic discriminations. The summers during these years were on average, unusually cold. Since 1920 a long term trend of increasing ?13C of ~0.016? yr-1 is inferred. We compared measured ?13C with those predicted on the basis of the theoretical relationship between ?13C and the ratio of substomatal to ambient CO2 concentration, C(i)/C(a) using mechanistic equations for chloroplast biochemistry coupled with a stomatal conductance model. Two variations of a nonlinear optimal-regulation stomatal conductance model were compared. Although both models were based on the assumption that stomata serve to minimize the average transpiration rate for a given average rate of CO2 assimilation, one version of the model incorporated reductions in stomatal conductance in response to recent increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and the other did not. The CO2 sensitive stomatal model failed to describe the long-term increase in 13C discrimination, especially after 1950. The insensitive model gave good agreement, suggesting that an observed increase in subarctic Pinus sylvestris ?13C since 1920 is attributable to recent increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations with subsequent increases in the ratio of substomatal to ambient CO2 concentrations. The model was also capable of accounting for high frequency (year-to-year) variations in ?13C, these differences being attributable to year-to-year fluctuations in the average leaf-to-air vapor pressure difference affecting stomatal conductance and hence C(i)/C(a).

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@ARTICLE { BerningerSonninenAaltoEtAl2000,
    AUTHOR = { Berninger, F. and Sonninen, E. and Aalto, T. and Lloyd, J. },
    TITLE = { Modeling 13C discrimination in tree rings },
    JOURNAL = { Global Biogeochemical Cycles },
    YEAR = { 2000 },
    VOLUME = { 14 },
    PAGES = { 213-223 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 08866236 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 14 Export Date: 24 April 2007 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Berninger, F.; Tropical Silviculture; Department of Forest Ecology; University of Helsinki; P.O. Box 28 FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland; email: Frank.Berninger@Helsinki.Fi References: Aalto, T., Carbon dioxide exchange of Scots pine shoots as estimated by a biochemical model and cuvette field measurements (1998) Silva Fennica, 32, pp. 321-337; Angstrom, A., Solar and terrestial radiation (1924) Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 50, pp. 121-125; Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M., Deuterium, oxygen-18 and carbon-13 in tree rings and peat deposits in relation to climate (1983) PhD Thesis, p. 146. , Univ. of Gronningen, Netherlands; Berninger, F., Simulated irradiance and temperature estimates as possible source of bias in the simulation of photosynthesis (1994) Agric. For. 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    ABSTRACT = { Annual variations from 1877 to 1995 in tree-ring ?-cellulose 13C/12C isotopic ratios for four subarctic Pinus sylvestris trees were determined, and, in conjunction with a recent record of atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 ratios, the historical pattern of photosynthetic isotope discrimination, ?13C, was evaluated. Year-to-year variability in ?13C has been as much as 1.5? with the period 1900-1920 showing an extended period of unusually high photosynthetic discriminations. The summers during these years were on average, unusually cold. Since 1920 a long term trend of increasing ?13C of ~0.016? yr-1 is inferred. We compared measured ?13C with those predicted on the basis of the theoretical relationship between ?13C and the ratio of substomatal to ambient CO2 concentration, C(i)/C(a) using mechanistic equations for chloroplast biochemistry coupled with a stomatal conductance model. Two variations of a nonlinear optimal-regulation stomatal conductance model were compared. Although both models were based on the assumption that stomata serve to minimize the average transpiration rate for a given average rate of CO2 assimilation, one version of the model incorporated reductions in stomatal conductance in response to recent increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and the other did not. The CO2 sensitive stomatal model failed to describe the long-term increase in 13C discrimination, especially after 1950. The insensitive model gave good agreement, suggesting that an observed increase in subarctic Pinus sylvestris ?13C since 1920 is attributable to recent increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations with subsequent increases in the ratio of substomatal to ambient CO2 concentrations. The model was also capable of accounting for high frequency (year-to-year) variations in ?13C, these differences being attributable to year-to-year fluctuations in the average leaf-to-air vapor pressure difference affecting stomatal conductance and hence C(i)/C(a). },
    KEYWORDS = { carbon isotope dendrochronology discriminant analysis modeling tree ring },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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