LatutrieMerianPicqEtAl2015

Référence

Latutrie, M., Merian, P., Picq, S., Bergeron, Y. and Tremblay, M.F. (2015) The effects of genetic diversity, climate and defoliation events on trembling aspen growth performance across Canada. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 11(5). (Scopus )

Résumé

Tree genetic makeup may provide an important control of growth dynamics; however, no studies have previously attempted to evaluate its effects in natural trembling aspen stands. In this study, we examined the relative contribution of genetics (i.e. clonal diversity, observed heterozygosity) and environmental conditions (i.e. insects, climate) on aspen growth as represented by mean inter-tree correlation (RBAR), tree basal area increment (TBAI) and inter-annual growth variability (MS). We sampled 440 trees in 22 even-aged natural stands dominated by aspen along an east-west continental gradient of decreasing annual precipitation in the Canadian boreal forest. Linear and mixed-effect models tested the relationships between tree growth, genetics and environmental factors. We showed that clonal diversity and number of years with forest tent caterpillar (FTC) defoliation (N<inf>FTC</inf>) reduced and increased the level of growth synchronicity (RBAR), respectively. Clonal diversity explained 30 % of variation in RBAR among sites. TBAI was positively influenced by high moisture conditions while N<inf>FTC</inf> and climate explained the variation in MS among trees for each site. No genetic effect could explain either TBAI or the MS variation. Climate and N<inf>FTC</inf> drive annual growth variability in trembling aspen at stand and subcontinental scales. Tree genetic makeup contributed to these dynamics, the annual growth dynamics of multi-clonal stands being less homogeneous than those of monoclonal stands. Maintaining diverse aspen stands may ensure a wider range of growth responses to environmental variability, which in turn may help maintain resilience of aspen stands under future climate. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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@ARTICLE { LatutrieMerianPicqEtAl2015,
    AUTHOR = { Latutrie, M. and Merian, P. and Picq, S. and Bergeron, Y. and Tremblay, M.F. },
    TITLE = { The effects of genetic diversity, climate and defoliation events on trembling aspen growth performance across Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Tree Genetics and Genomes },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 11 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Tree genetic makeup may provide an important control of growth dynamics; however, no studies have previously attempted to evaluate its effects in natural trembling aspen stands. In this study, we examined the relative contribution of genetics (i.e. clonal diversity, observed heterozygosity) and environmental conditions (i.e. insects, climate) on aspen growth as represented by mean inter-tree correlation (RBAR), tree basal area increment (TBAI) and inter-annual growth variability (MS). We sampled 440 trees in 22 even-aged natural stands dominated by aspen along an east-west continental gradient of decreasing annual precipitation in the Canadian boreal forest. Linear and mixed-effect models tested the relationships between tree growth, genetics and environmental factors. We showed that clonal diversity and number of years with forest tent caterpillar (FTC) defoliation (N<inf>FTC</inf>) reduced and increased the level of growth synchronicity (RBAR), respectively. Clonal diversity explained 30 % of variation in RBAR among sites. TBAI was positively influenced by high moisture conditions while N<inf>FTC</inf> and climate explained the variation in MS among trees for each site. No genetic effect could explain either TBAI or the MS variation. Climate and N<inf>FTC</inf> drive annual growth variability in trembling aspen at stand and subcontinental scales. Tree genetic makeup contributed to these dynamics, the annual growth dynamics of multi-clonal stands being less homogeneous than those of monoclonal stands. Maintaining diverse aspen stands may ensure a wider range of growth responses to environmental variability, which in turn may help maintain resilience of aspen stands under future climate. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. },
    ART_NUMBER = { 96 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Climate moisture index; Forest tent caterpillar; Genetic diversity; Heterozygosity; Radial growth; Trembling aspen },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1007/s11295-015-0925-3 },
    PAGE_COUNT = { 14 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84941345782&partnerID=40&md5=c736300a98959b1c5c73f14d99145257 },
}

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