DesRochersTremblay2009

Référence

DesRochers, A. and Tremblay, M.F. (2009) The effect of root and shoot pruning on early growth of hybrid poplars. Forest Ecology and Management, 258(9):2062-2067. (Scopus )

Résumé

Planting stock type and quality can have an important impact on early growth rates of plantations. The goal of this study was to evaluate early growth and root/shoot development of different planting materials in typical heavy clay soils of northwestern Quebec. Using one-year-old bareroot hybrid poplar dormant stock, four planting materials were compared: (1) regular bareroot stock, (2) rootstock (stem pruned before planting), (3) whips (roots pruned before planting), and (4) cuttings (30 cm stem sections taken from the basal portion of bareroot trees, i.e. roots and shoot pruned). Rooted stock types (bareroot and rootstock) produced, on average, 1.2 times larger trees than unrooted stock types (cuttings and whips). However, shoot-pruned stock types (rootstocks and cuttings) reached similar heights and basal diameters as unpruned stock types (bareroots and whips), during the first growing season. Shoot pruning reduced leaf carbon isotopic ratios, suggesting that unpruned stock types were water-stressed during the first growing season. The stress was most likely caused by early leaf development while root growth occurred later in the summer. We conclude that shoot pruning bareroot stock is a useful management option to reduce planting stress without compromising early growth rates of hybrid poplars. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { DesRochersTremblay2009,
    AUTHOR = { DesRochers, A. and Tremblay, M.F. },
    TITLE = { The effect of root and shoot pruning on early growth of hybrid poplars },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 258 },
    PAGES = { 2062-2067 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    ABSTRACT = { Planting stock type and quality can have an important impact on early growth rates of plantations. The goal of this study was to evaluate early growth and root/shoot development of different planting materials in typical heavy clay soils of northwestern Quebec. Using one-year-old bareroot hybrid poplar dormant stock, four planting materials were compared: (1) regular bareroot stock, (2) rootstock (stem pruned before planting), (3) whips (roots pruned before planting), and (4) cuttings (30 cm stem sections taken from the basal portion of bareroot trees, i.e. roots and shoot pruned). Rooted stock types (bareroot and rootstock) produced, on average, 1.2 times larger trees than unrooted stock types (cuttings and whips). However, shoot-pruned stock types (rootstocks and cuttings) reached similar heights and basal diameters as unpruned stock types (bareroots and whips), during the first growing season. Shoot pruning reduced leaf carbon isotopic ratios, suggesting that unpruned stock types were water-stressed during the first growing season. The stress was most likely caused by early leaf development while root growth occurred later in the summer. We conclude that shoot pruning bareroot stock is a useful management option to reduce planting stress without compromising early growth rates of hybrid poplars. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 7 October 2009 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.07.059 },
    ISSN = { 03781127 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Canada, Plantation forestry, Planting stock, Planting stress, Root/shoot ratio },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.10.07 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-70349210061&partnerID=40 },
}

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