DesplandHoule1997

Reference

Despland, E. and Houle, G. (1997) Climate influences on growth and reproduction of Pinus banksiana (Pinaceae) at the limit of the species distribution in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany, 84(7):928-937.

Abstract

The presence of conflicts in the allocation of resources among the different functions of an organism is a fundamental postulate of modern ecology. It is assumed that reproduction occurs at cost because it monopolizes resources that could be used for other functions (e.g., growth). These conflicts may be particularly evident under stressful conditions, such as tinder low water or nutrient availability, or under severe climatic conditions. There we may expect to find strong negative relationships between an organism's growth and reproduction. We studied a population of Pinus banksiana (Pinaceae) at the northern limit of the species distribution, in subarctic Quebec (Canada) where Pinus banksiana occupies nutrient-poor, sandy terraces along the Great Whale river. Serotinous cones of Pinus banksiana produced between 1969 and 1992 were sampled to estimate interannual variations in several variables representing reproduction, and to relate these to climate and tree growth. Climate appears to influence each developmental stage involved in the production of viable seeds, from the time of cone initiation to that of seed maturation. In general, reproductive variables are positively related to high temperatures during the three growing seasons required for seed production; growth is also positively correlated to summer temperatures. Consequently, investment in maturing seeds is positively associated with growth. Thus, both reproduction and growth covary with climate: during relatively warm and long growing seasons, resource allocation to both functions increases. Under these conditions, no trade-off is apparent.

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@ARTICLE { DesplandHoule1997,
    AUTHOR = { Despland, E. and Houle, G. },
    TITLE = { Climate influences on growth and reproduction of Pinus banksiana (Pinaceae) at the limit of the species distribution in eastern North America },
    JOURNAL = { American Journal of Botany },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 84 },
    PAGES = { 928-937 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    NOTE = { 00029122 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 24 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: AJBOA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Houle, G.; DBCEN; Universite Laval Sainte-Foy, Que. G1K 7P4, Canada References: Allen, R.B., Platt, K.H., Annual seedfall variation in Nothofagus solandri (Fagaceae). 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    ABSTRACT = { The presence of conflicts in the allocation of resources among the different functions of an organism is a fundamental postulate of modern ecology. It is assumed that reproduction occurs at cost because it monopolizes resources that could be used for other functions (e.g., growth). These conflicts may be particularly evident under stressful conditions, such as tinder low water or nutrient availability, or under severe climatic conditions. There we may expect to find strong negative relationships between an organism's growth and reproduction. We studied a population of Pinus banksiana (Pinaceae) at the northern limit of the species distribution, in subarctic Quebec (Canada) where Pinus banksiana occupies nutrient-poor, sandy terraces along the Great Whale river. Serotinous cones of Pinus banksiana produced between 1969 and 1992 were sampled to estimate interannual variations in several variables representing reproduction, and to relate these to climate and tree growth. Climate appears to influence each developmental stage involved in the production of viable seeds, from the time of cone initiation to that of seed maturation. In general, reproductive variables are positively related to high temperatures during the three growing seasons required for seed production; growth is also positively correlated to summer temperatures. Consequently, investment in maturing seeds is positively associated with growth. Thus, both reproduction and growth covary with climate: during relatively warm and long growing seasons, resource allocation to both functions increases. Under these conditions, no trade-off is apparent. },
    KEYWORDS = { Climate Cost of reproduction Dendrochronology Partial Mantel test Pinaceae Pinus banksiana Seed production Subarctic Quebec Trade-off Pinus banksiana },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

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