DanneyrollesDupuisFortinEtAl2019

Référence

Danneyrolles, V., Dupuis, S., Fortin, G., Leroyer, M., de Römer, A., Terrail, R., Vellend, M., Boucher, Y., Laflamme, J., Bergeron, Y. and Arseneault, D. (2019) Stronger influence of anthropogenic disturbance than climate change on century-scale compositional changes in northern forests. Nature Communications, 2:1265. (URL )

Résumé

Predicting future ecosystem dynamics depends critically on an improved understanding of how disturbances and climate change have driven long-term ecological changes in the past. Here we assembled a dataset of >100,000 tree species lists from the 19th century across a broad region (>130,000km2) in temperate eastern Canada, as well as recent forest inventories, to test the effects of changes in anthropogenic disturbance, temperature and moisture on forest dynamics. We evaluate changes in forest composition using four indices quantifying the affinities of co-occurring tree species with temperature, drought, light and disturbance. Land-use driven shifts favouring more disturbance-adapted tree species are far stronger than any effects ascribable to climate change, although the responses of species to disturbance are correlated with their expected responses to climate change. As such, anthropogenic and natural disturbances are expected to have large direct effects on forests and also indirect effects via altered responses to future climate change.

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@ARTICLE { DanneyrollesDupuisFortinEtAl2019,
    AUTHOR = { Danneyrolles, V. and Dupuis, S. and Fortin, G. and Leroyer, M. and de Römer, A. and Terrail, R. and Vellend, M. and Boucher, Y. and Laflamme, J. and Bergeron, Y. and Arseneault, D. },
    TITLE = { Stronger influence of anthropogenic disturbance than climate change on century-scale compositional changes in northern forests. },
    JOURNAL = { Nature Communications },
    YEAR = { 2019 },
    VOLUME = { 2 },
    PAGES = { 1265 },
    ABSTRACT = { Predicting future ecosystem dynamics depends critically on an improved understanding of how disturbances and climate change have driven long-term ecological changes in the past. Here we assembled a dataset of >100,000 tree species lists from the 19th century across a broad region (>130,000km2) in temperate eastern Canada, as well as recent forest inventories, to test the effects of changes in anthropogenic disturbance, temperature and moisture on forest dynamics. We evaluate changes in forest composition using four indices quantifying the affinities of co-occurring tree species with temperature, drought, light and disturbance. Land-use driven shifts favouring more disturbance-adapted tree species are far stronger than any effects ascribable to climate change, although the responses of species to disturbance are correlated with their expected responses to climate change. As such, anthropogenic and natural disturbances are expected to have large direct effects on forests and also indirect effects via altered responses to future climate change. },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3EN, United Kingdom; Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, CH-8903, Switzerland; Global Change Research Institute CAS, Brno, 603 00, Czech Republic; Department of Geography, Masaryk University, Brno, 611 37, Czech Republic; Laboratory for Ion Beam Physics, ETH Zürich, Zurich, CH-8093, Switzerland; Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie, University of Québec in Rimouski, QC G5L 3A1, Canada; School of Natural and Built Environment, Queen’s University, Belfast, BT7 1NN, United Kingdom; Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Eawag, Dübendorf, CH-8600, Switzerland; CNR-IVALSA, Trees and Timber Institute, San Michele all′Adige, TN 38010, Italy; Competence Center for Underwater Archaeology and Dendrochronology, Office for Urbanism, City of Zurich, Zürich, 8008, Switzerland; School of Environment, University of Auckland, Auckland, 1010, New Zealand; Institute of Geography, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, 91058, Germany; Department Territorio e Sistemi Agro-Forestali, University of Padova, Legnaro (PD), 35020, Italy; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, SE-10691, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, SE-10691, Sweden; Laboratorio de Dendrocronología y Cambio Global, Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile; Center for Climate and Resilience Research, Blanco Encalada 2002, Santiago, 8370449, Chile; Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, United States; Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964-8000, United States; Department of Environmental Science, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ 07470, United States; Icelandic Forest Research Mógilsá, Reykjavik, 116, Iceland; Department of Geography, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, 55099, Germany; Department of Geography, University of Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada; AgroParisTech, INRA, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, 54000, France; Department of Geography, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0925, United States; Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, Stockholm, SE-104 05, Sweden; Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, SE-106 91, Sweden; Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, 620144, Russian Federation; Bavarian State Office for Monument Protection, München, 80539, Germany; Department of Geology and Geography, West Virginia University, WV 26505-6300, United States; German Archaeological Institute, Berlin, 14195, Germany; Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, United States; AMS Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, United States; Isotope Climatology and Environmental Research Centre, Institute of Nuclear Research, Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary; Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, 660036, Russian Federation; Department of Humanities, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation; Department of Wood Science, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, 61300, Czech Republic; Navarino Environmental Observatory, Messinia, GR-24001, Greece; Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, 405 30, Sweden; Department of Geography, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales SA2 8PP, United Kingdom; Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada; Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan; Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria; Palaeontology, Geobiology and Earth Archives Research Centre, and ARC Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, United States; Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, MA 01366, United States; Chair of Forest Growth and Dendroecology, Institute of Forest Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, 5232, Switzerland; Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, 1205, Switzerland; Department of Earth and Environmental Systems, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, United States; Archaeological Service Kanton Thurgau (AATG), Frauenfeld, 8510, Switzerland; Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales, IANIGLA–CONICET, Mendoza, CP 330 5500, Argentina; Department of of Earth Sciences, The College of Wooster, OH 44691, United States; School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9AJ, United Kingdom; School of Natural Science, Hampshire College, Amherst, MA 01002, United States; Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, China },
    ART_NUMBER = { 5399 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Erratum },
    DOI = { 10.1038/s41467-019-09265-z },
    OWNER = { Daniel Lesieur },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2019-03-20 },
    URL = { https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09265-z },
}

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