WangArseneaultBoucherEtAl2020b

Référence

Wang, F., Arseneault, D., Boucher, É., Yu, S., Ouellet, S., Chaillou, G., Delwaide, A., Wang, L. (2020) Chemical destaining and the delta correction for blue intensity measurements of stained lake subfossil trees. Biogeosciences, 17(18):4559-4570. (URL )

Résumé

The stain of wood samples from lake subfossil trees (LSTs) is challenging the wide application of the blue intensity (BI) technique for millennial dendroclimatic reconstructions. In this study, we used seven chemical destaining reagents to treat samples of subfossil black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) trees from two lakes in the eastern Canadian boreal forest. We subsequently compared latewood BI (LBI) and delta BI (DBI) time series along with conventional maximum latewood density (MXD) measured from the stained and destained samples. Results showed that the stain of our samples is most likely caused by postsampling oxidation of dissolved ferrous iron in lake sediments that penetrated into wood. Three reagents (ascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate, and sodium dithionite all mixed with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) could remove >90 % of Fe. However, even for the best chemical protocol, a discrepancy of about +2 ∘C compared to MXD data remained in the LBI-based temperature reconstruction due to incomplete destaining. On the contrary, the simple mathematical delta correction, DBI, was unaffected by the Fe stain and showed very similar results compared to MXD data (r>0.82) from annual to centennial timescales over the past ∼360 years. This study underlines the difficulty of completely destaining lake subfossil samples while confirming the robustness of the DBI approach. DBI data measured from stained LSTs can be used to perform robust millennial temperature reconstructions.

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@ARTICLE { WangArseneaultBoucherEtAl2020b,
    AUTHOR = { Wang, F. and Arseneault, D. and Boucher, É. and Yu, S. and Ouellet, S. and Chaillou, G. and Delwaide, A. and Wang, L. },
    TITLE = { Chemical destaining and the delta correction for blue intensity measurements of stained lake subfossil trees },
    JOURNAL = { Biogeosciences },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    VOLUME = { 17 },
    NUMBER = { 18 },
    PAGES = { 4559--4570 },
    ABSTRACT = { The stain of wood samples from lake subfossil trees (LSTs) is challenging the wide application of the blue intensity (BI) technique for millennial dendroclimatic reconstructions. In this study, we used seven chemical destaining reagents to treat samples of subfossil black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) trees from two lakes in the eastern Canadian boreal forest. We subsequently compared latewood BI (LBI) and delta BI (DBI) time series along with conventional maximum latewood density (MXD) measured from the stained and destained samples. Results showed that the stain of our samples is most likely caused by postsampling oxidation of dissolved ferrous iron in lake sediments that penetrated into wood. Three reagents (ascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate, and sodium dithionite all mixed with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) could remove >90 % of Fe. However, even for the best chemical protocol, a discrepancy of about +2 ∘C compared to MXD data remained in the LBI-based temperature reconstruction due to incomplete destaining. On the contrary, the simple mathematical delta correction, DBI, was unaffected by the Fe stain and showed very similar results compared to MXD data (r>0.82) from annual to centennial timescales over the past ∼360 years. This study underlines the difficulty of completely destaining lake subfossil samples while confirming the robustness of the DBI approach. DBI data measured from stained LSTs can be used to perform robust millennial temperature reconstructions. },
    DOI = { 10.5194/bg-17-4559-2020 },
    URL = { https://bg.copernicus.org/articles/17/4559/2020/ },
}

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