BoucherBeginArseneault2009a

Référence

Boucher, A., Begin, Y. and Arseneault, D. (2009) Impacts of recurring ice jams on channel geometry and geomorphology in a small high-boreal watershed. Geomorphology, 108(3-4):273-281. (Scopus )

Résumé

River ice jams are generally perceived as significant erosive events and are well known to impact both channel morphology and geometry. However, the extent of these impacts and the frequency of events required to maintain erosion-induced morphologies remain unexplored in most cold region watersheds. In this study, we investigated downstream variations in channel width, cross-sectional area, depth, and geomorphological characteristics in a small high-boreal basin. We coupled these observations to dendrochronological data on ice jam frequency. Our results show that channels affected by ice erosion appear enlarged and present an important retreat of the upper bank. Such enlarged channels present a typical two-level, ice-scoured morphology when ice jams recur more often than once every 5 years. By contrast, channels appear unaffected when ice jams are less frequent. These results suggest that ice jams maintain ice-scoured and enlarged morphologies once a minimal frequency-of-occurrence threshold is exceeded. We therefore conclude that ice jam frequencies should be taken into account in order to better define the role of ice as a geomorphological agent in cold environments. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { BoucherBeginArseneault2009a,
    AUTHOR = { Boucher, A. and Begin, Y. and Arseneault, D. },
    TITLE = { Impacts of recurring ice jams on channel geometry and geomorphology in a small high-boreal watershed },
    JOURNAL = { Geomorphology },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 108 },
    PAGES = { 273-281 },
    NUMBER = { 3-4 },
    NOTE = { cited By 6 },
    ABSTRACT = { River ice jams are generally perceived as significant erosive events and are well known to impact both channel morphology and geometry. However, the extent of these impacts and the frequency of events required to maintain erosion-induced morphologies remain unexplored in most cold region watersheds. In this study, we investigated downstream variations in channel width, cross-sectional area, depth, and geomorphological characteristics in a small high-boreal basin. We coupled these observations to dendrochronological data on ice jam frequency. Our results show that channels affected by ice erosion appear enlarged and present an important retreat of the upper bank. Such enlarged channels present a typical two-level, ice-scoured morphology when ice jams recur more often than once every 5 years. By contrast, channels appear unaffected when ice jams are less frequent. These results suggest that ice jams maintain ice-scoured and enlarged morphologies once a minimal frequency-of-occurrence threshold is exceeded. We therefore conclude that ice jam frequencies should be taken into account in order to better define the role of ice as a geomorphological agent in cold environments. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Dendrogeomorphology; Fluvial geomorphology; High boreal; Hydraulic geometry; Ice jams; Ice scars },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.02.014 },
    KEYWORDS = { basin; channel morphology; dendrochronology; environmental impact; fluvial geomorphology; glacial erosion; hydraulics; ice; river channel; scour; watershed },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-67349085723&partnerID=40&md5=106138d7bbfffaaf1457c04d2137160e },
}

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