BoucherArseneaultHetu2006

Référence

Boucher, A., Arseneault, D. and Hetu, B. (2006) Late Holocene development of a floodplain along a small meandering stream, northern Quebec, Canada. Geomorphology, 80(3-4):267-281. (Scopus )

Résumé

This paper describes the activity of a small meandering stream and the development of its floodplain during the last 4600 years (calendar years BP) in the northern boreal zone of Quebec. Three trenches were excavated across the floodplain's full width and permitted the interpretation of morphosedimentary units in relation to modern analogs. Chronological controls within trenches was provided by the dendrochronological and radiocarbon dating of buried tree trunks. From 4600 to 2900 cal. BP and from 1000 to 120 cal. BP, the channel migrated and constructed its floodplain at very slow rates, mostly because of low flow velocities, vegetated streambanks and the cohesive texture of marine sediments reworked by the channel. Vertical accretion rates were extremely variable on the floodplain, with high rates proximal to the modern channel and low rates over distal (also older) portions of the floodplain. Following a major channel shift (meander cut-off or avulsion) around 2900 cal. BP, channel migration appears to have been constrained to a narrow zone adjacent to the modern channel. Within this constrained zone, the migrating channel has reworked its own sediments leading to a marked unconformity between 2900-1000 cal. BP. It is thought that underlying marine sediments protrusions, and perhaps the forested banks, protected older alluvial sediments from being eroded during the last three millenniums. Our study shows that small boreal floodplains may contain, in a very small area, abundant and diversified archives of their evolution. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { BoucherArseneaultHetu2006,
    AUTHOR = { Boucher, A. and Arseneault, D. and Hetu, B. },
    TITLE = { Late Holocene development of a floodplain along a small meandering stream, northern Quebec, Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Geomorphology },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 80 },
    PAGES = { 267-281 },
    NUMBER = { 3-4 },
    NOTE = { cited By 7 },
    ABSTRACT = { This paper describes the activity of a small meandering stream and the development of its floodplain during the last 4600 years (calendar years BP) in the northern boreal zone of Quebec. Three trenches were excavated across the floodplain's full width and permitted the interpretation of morphosedimentary units in relation to modern analogs. Chronological controls within trenches was provided by the dendrochronological and radiocarbon dating of buried tree trunks. From 4600 to 2900 cal. BP and from 1000 to 120 cal. BP, the channel migrated and constructed its floodplain at very slow rates, mostly because of low flow velocities, vegetated streambanks and the cohesive texture of marine sediments reworked by the channel. Vertical accretion rates were extremely variable on the floodplain, with high rates proximal to the modern channel and low rates over distal (also older) portions of the floodplain. Following a major channel shift (meander cut-off or avulsion) around 2900 cal. BP, channel migration appears to have been constrained to a narrow zone adjacent to the modern channel. Within this constrained zone, the migrating channel has reworked its own sediments leading to a marked unconformity between 2900-1000 cal. BP. It is thought that underlying marine sediments protrusions, and perhaps the forested banks, protected older alluvial sediments from being eroded during the last three millenniums. Our study shows that small boreal floodplains may contain, in a very small area, abundant and diversified archives of their evolution. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest; Buried trees; Floodplain; Fluvial geomorphology; Holocene; Meandering streams; Northern Quebec },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.02.014 },
    KEYWORDS = { alluvial deposit; boreal forest; current meandering; floodplain; fluvial geomorphology; Holocene; landscape evolution, Canada; North America; Quebec [Canada] },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33748906843&partnerID=40&md5=08d32d85beaf7ef1cc4ef91c9f3b594a },
}

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