PlanteRivestVezinaEtAl2014

Référence

Plante, P.-M., Rivest, D., Vezina, A., Vanasse, A. (2014) Root distribution of different mature tree species growing on contrasting textured soils in temperate windbreaks. Plant and Soil, 380(1):429-439. (Scopus )

Résumé

Aim: We studied the vertical and lateral root distribution of tree species from three genera (Populus spp. - poplar, Picea spp. - spruce, Salix spp. - willow) that were planted in temperate windbreaks and assessed the effects of soil texture on root density. Methods: Root distribution to depths of up to 1 m was assessed using the trench-profile method at different distances from the tree rows (2, 6 and 9 m) in 18 mature (average age, 25 years-old) windbreak-sites that were located on light- or heavy-textured agricultural soils in southeastern Québec, Canada. Roots were classified into three diameter classes: fine (<1 mm), medium-size (1-5 mm), and coarse (>5 mm). Results: Tree fine-root density in poplar and willow windbreaks was higher than in spruce windbreaks at 2 m from the tree row. Root densities were higher in light compared to heavy soils, but these differences were specific to poplar and spruce. Across species groups and soil types, 67 % of the roots occurred in the uppermost 30 cm. In this soil zone, different soil fertility variables (pH, clay content, CEC) were negatively correlated with root density. Densities of spruce and willow roots at 6 m from the tree row were much lower (and often unobserved) than that of poplar. At 9 m, low root densities were observed at only two sites. Conclusions: We conclude that tree identity and soil type are important drivers of root distribution in temperate agroforestry systems. These results may have important implications for the management of tree competition in agroforestry systems and several ecosystem services that are provided by roots, including C-sequestration, erosion control and water infiltration. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

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@ARTICLE { PlanteRivestVezinaEtAl2014,
    AUTHOR = { Plante, P.-M. and Rivest, D. and Vezina, A. and Vanasse, A. },
    TITLE = { Root distribution of different mature tree species growing on contrasting textured soils in temperate windbreaks },
    JOURNAL = { Plant and Soil },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 380 },
    PAGES = { 429-439 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { cited By (since 1996)0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Aim: We studied the vertical and lateral root distribution of tree species from three genera (Populus spp. - poplar, Picea spp. - spruce, Salix spp. - willow) that were planted in temperate windbreaks and assessed the effects of soil texture on root density. Methods: Root distribution to depths of up to 1 m was assessed using the trench-profile method at different distances from the tree rows (2, 6 and 9 m) in 18 mature (average age, 25 years-old) windbreak-sites that were located on light- or heavy-textured agricultural soils in southeastern Québec, Canada. Roots were classified into three diameter classes: fine (<1 mm), medium-size (1-5 mm), and coarse (>5 mm). Results: Tree fine-root density in poplar and willow windbreaks was higher than in spruce windbreaks at 2 m from the tree row. Root densities were higher in light compared to heavy soils, but these differences were specific to poplar and spruce. Across species groups and soil types, 67 % of the roots occurred in the uppermost 30 cm. In this soil zone, different soil fertility variables (pH, clay content, CEC) were negatively correlated with root density. Densities of spruce and willow roots at 6 m from the tree row were much lower (and often unobserved) than that of poplar. At 9 m, low root densities were observed at only two sites. Conclusions: We conclude that tree identity and soil type are important drivers of root distribution in temperate agroforestry systems. These results may have important implications for the management of tree competition in agroforestry systems and several ecosystem services that are provided by roots, including C-sequestration, erosion control and water infiltration. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Picea spp; Populus spp; Root management; Salix spp; Tree root morphology; Tree-crop interface },
    CODEN = { PLSOA },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1007/s11104-014-2108-7 },
    ISSN = { 0032079X },
    KEYWORDS = { agricultural soil; agroforestry; coniferous tree; infiltration; maturation; morphology; root system; soil fertility; soil texture; soil type; temperate environment, Canada; Quebec [Canada], Picea; Populus; Salix },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84903540219&partnerID=40&md5=6c3edb996e971d5489b73a121e3eea08 },
}

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