Pothier1995

Référence

Pothier, D. (1995) Effets des coupes d'éclaircie et des variations climatiques interannuelles sur la production et la teneur en sucre de la sève d'une érablière. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(11):1815-1820.

Résumé

A study was initiated in 1975 on a sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stand of the Station forestiere de Duchesnay (46 degrees 57'N, 71 degrees 39'W) to determine the effect of thinning on sap production of sugar maple. From 1975 to 1989, spring sap flow and sugar concentration were measured in 58 sample plots distributed in five blocks within which three intensities of thinning (0, 22, and 35% of the initial basal area) were applied. Thinning intensities only accounted for a small part of the variation in sap volume per tap and sap sugar concentration. However, more than 60% of the variation of these two sap characteristics was related to year-to-year variations. This suggests that sap yield and sap sugar concentration were largely controlled by the different climatic conditions that occurred during these years. Hence, sap yield was strongly correlated with the number of days characterized by temperature fluctuations around 0 degrees C during springtime and by winter precipitation. Sap sugar concentration was also correlated to the number of days with temperature fluctuating around 0 degrees C during springtime but all other tested meteorological variables failed to improve this relationship. While thinning intensities did not affect sap yield per tap and sugar concentration, sugar yield per hectare could be improved by thinning over the long term since it increased the potential number of taps per hectare.

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@ARTICLE { Pothier1995,
    AUTHOR = { Pothier, D. },
    TITLE = { Effets des coupes d'éclaircie et des variations climatiques interannuelles sur la production et la teneur en sucre de la sève d'une érablière },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 1995 },
    VOLUME = { 25 },
    PAGES = { 1815-1820 },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 3 },
    ABSTRACT = { A study was initiated in 1975 on a sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stand of the Station forestiere de Duchesnay (46 degrees 57'N, 71 degrees 39'W) to determine the effect of thinning on sap production of sugar maple. From 1975 to 1989, spring sap flow and sugar concentration were measured in 58 sample plots distributed in five blocks within which three intensities of thinning (0, 22, and 35% of the initial basal area) were applied. Thinning intensities only accounted for a small part of the variation in sap volume per tap and sap sugar concentration. However, more than 60% of the variation of these two sap characteristics was related to year-to-year variations. This suggests that sap yield and sap sugar concentration were largely controlled by the different climatic conditions that occurred during these years. Hence, sap yield was strongly correlated with the number of days characterized by temperature fluctuations around 0 degrees C during springtime and by winter precipitation. Sap sugar concentration was also correlated to the number of days with temperature fluctuating around 0 degrees C during springtime but all other tested meteorological variables failed to improve this relationship. While thinning intensities did not affect sap yield per tap and sugar concentration, sugar yield per hectare could be improved by thinning over the long term since it increased the potential number of taps per hectare. },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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