MartyHouleGagnon2015a

Référence

Marty, C., Houle, D., Gagnon, C. (2015) Variation in stocks and distribution of organic C in soils across 21 eastern Canadian temperate and boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 345:29-38. (Scopus )

Résumé

Quantifying soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in forests and identifying the factors that control their size is crucial to predict how they will be affected by climate and land-use changes. Here, we assessed variations in SOC stocks in the forest floor (FF) and the mineral soil of 21 temperate and boreal forest sites in Québec, and analyzed their relationships with 13 biophysical variables. Across the studied area soil C stocks ranged from 9.2kgm-2 to 27.8kgm-2 with on average 78% of this C located in the mineral horizons. Carbon stocks in the FF increased with Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP) and the Percentage of Conifers (Pc), and decreased with Mean Annual Air Temperature (MAAT). Total and mineral soil carbon stocks increased with MAP but were poorly correlated with the other variables mainly because of the high variability in C concentration in B-horizons and mineral soil thickness. When the latter was restricted to 50cm, the explanatory power of the statistical model for total soil C stock shifted from 34% to 49%, illustrating the impact of soil sampling thickness on C stocks estimates and on the ability to predict them. Regression analyses showed that SOC stocks were mainly controlled by MAP. The depth at which 50% of the mineral soil C stock is reached (D50) was used as an index for the distribution of SOC across the soil profile. The D50 values ranged from ~2cm to ~40cm and increased with altitude and Pc, and conversely decreased with the percentage of hardwoods and MAAT. In light of the recent findings on the origin of C stabilization in soils, these results suggest that these impacts on SOC distribution might also affect the stability of the SOC pool. They also emphasize the importance of sampling depth choice according to site characteristics and the importance of the vegetation not only on FF C stocks but also on C distribution across the soil profile. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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@ARTICLE { MartyHouleGagnon2015a,
    AUTHOR = { Marty, C. and Houle, D. and Gagnon, C. },
    TITLE = { Variation in stocks and distribution of organic C in soils across 21 eastern Canadian temperate and boreal forests },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 345 },
    PAGES = { 29-38 },
    NOTE = { cited By 1 },
    ABSTRACT = { Quantifying soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in forests and identifying the factors that control their size is crucial to predict how they will be affected by climate and land-use changes. Here, we assessed variations in SOC stocks in the forest floor (FF) and the mineral soil of 21 temperate and boreal forest sites in Québec, and analyzed their relationships with 13 biophysical variables. Across the studied area soil C stocks ranged from 9.2kgm-2 to 27.8kgm-2 with on average 78% of this C located in the mineral horizons. Carbon stocks in the FF increased with Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP) and the Percentage of Conifers (Pc), and decreased with Mean Annual Air Temperature (MAAT). Total and mineral soil carbon stocks increased with MAP but were poorly correlated with the other variables mainly because of the high variability in C concentration in B-horizons and mineral soil thickness. When the latter was restricted to 50cm, the explanatory power of the statistical model for total soil C stock shifted from 34% to 49%, illustrating the impact of soil sampling thickness on C stocks estimates and on the ability to predict them. Regression analyses showed that SOC stocks were mainly controlled by MAP. The depth at which 50% of the mineral soil C stock is reached (D50) was used as an index for the distribution of SOC across the soil profile. The D50 values ranged from ~2cm to ~40cm and increased with altitude and Pc, and conversely decreased with the percentage of hardwoods and MAAT. In light of the recent findings on the origin of C stabilization in soils, these results suggest that these impacts on SOC distribution might also affect the stability of the SOC pool. They also emphasize the importance of sampling depth choice according to site characteristics and the importance of the vegetation not only on FF C stocks but also on C distribution across the soil profile. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Forest soils; Global change; Soil organic carbon stocks; Soil organic matter },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.02.024 },
    KEYWORDS = { Carbon; Forestry; Importance sampling; Land use; Minerals; Organic carbon; Regression analysis; Sampling; Soils, Bio-physical variables; Forest soils; Global change; Mean annual air temperatures; Mean annual precipitation; Site characteristics; Soil organic Carbon stocks; Soil organic matters, Stabilization, biogeochemistry; boreal forest; forest floor; forest soil; global change; organic carbon; site characterization; soil carbon; soil horizon; soil organic matter; temperate forest, Carbon; Forests; Organic Matter; Soil, Canada; Quebec [Canada] },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84924236063&partnerID=40&md5=857ef8578db38fbf1ad728480784f1e2 },
}

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