DuchesneHoule2008

Référence

Duchesne, L. and Houle, D. (2008) Impact of nutrient removal through harvesting on the sustainability of the boreal forest. Ecological Applications, 18(7):1642-1651. (Scopus )

Résumé

The cycling of base cations (K, Ca, Mg, and Na) was investigated in a boreal balsam fir forest (the Lake Laflamme Watershed) between 1999 and 2005. Base cation budgets were calculated for the soil rooting zone that included atmospheric deposition and soil leaching losses, two scenarios of tree uptake (whole-tree and stem-only harvesting), and three scenarios of mineral weathering, leading to six different scenarios. In every scenario there was a net accumulation of Mg within the soil exchangeable reservoir, while Ca accumulated in four scenarios. Potassium was lost in five of the six scenarios. Contrary to Ca and Mg, immobilization of K within tree biomass (69 mol.ha-1yr-1) was the main pathway of K losses from the soil exchangeable reservoir, being five times higher than losses via soil leaching (14 mol.ha-1yr-1). The amounts of K contained within the aboveground biomass and the exchangeable soil reservoir were 3.3 kmol/ha and 4.2 kmol/ha, respectively. Whole-tree harvesting may thus remove 44% of the K that is readily available for cycling in the short term, making this forest sensitive to commercial forestry operations. Similar values of annual K uptake as well as a similar distribution of K between tree biomass and soil exchangeable reservoirs at 14 other coniferous sites, distributed throughout the boreal forest of Québec, suggest that the Lake Laflamme Watershed results can be extrapolated to a much larger area. Stem-only harvesting, which would reduce K exports due to biomass removal by 60%, should be used for these types of forest. © 2008 by the Ecological Society of America.

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@ARTICLE { DuchesneHoule2008,
    AUTHOR = { Duchesne, L. and Houle, D. },
    TITLE = { Impact of nutrient removal through harvesting on the sustainability of the boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Applications },
    YEAR = { 2008 },
    VOLUME = { 18 },
    PAGES = { 1642-1651 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    NOTE = { cited By 27 },
    ABSTRACT = { The cycling of base cations (K, Ca, Mg, and Na) was investigated in a boreal balsam fir forest (the Lake Laflamme Watershed) between 1999 and 2005. Base cation budgets were calculated for the soil rooting zone that included atmospheric deposition and soil leaching losses, two scenarios of tree uptake (whole-tree and stem-only harvesting), and three scenarios of mineral weathering, leading to six different scenarios. In every scenario there was a net accumulation of Mg within the soil exchangeable reservoir, while Ca accumulated in four scenarios. Potassium was lost in five of the six scenarios. Contrary to Ca and Mg, immobilization of K within tree biomass (69 mol.ha-1yr-1) was the main pathway of K losses from the soil exchangeable reservoir, being five times higher than losses via soil leaching (14 mol.ha-1yr-1). The amounts of K contained within the aboveground biomass and the exchangeable soil reservoir were 3.3 kmol/ha and 4.2 kmol/ha, respectively. Whole-tree harvesting may thus remove 44% of the K that is readily available for cycling in the short term, making this forest sensitive to commercial forestry operations. Similar values of annual K uptake as well as a similar distribution of K between tree biomass and soil exchangeable reservoirs at 14 other coniferous sites, distributed throughout the boreal forest of Québec, suggest that the Lake Laflamme Watershed results can be extrapolated to a much larger area. Stem-only harvesting, which would reduce K exports due to biomass removal by 60%, should be used for these types of forest. © 2008 by the Ecological Society of America. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Acid deposition; Acidification; Base cation losses; Boreal forest; Nutrient budget; Sustainability },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1890/07-1035.1 },
    KEYWORDS = { Abies balsamea, potassium, Arctic; article; atmosphere; biomass; Canada; chemistry; ecosystem; environmental monitoring; environmental protection; forestry; methodology; physiology; soil; tree, Arctic Regions; Atmosphere; Biomass; Canada; Conservation of Natural Resources; Ecosystem; Environmental Monitoring; Forestry; Potassium; Soil; Trees },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-55949085461&partnerID=40&md5=e6dca41906382423f6e684be6e34f9bb },
}

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