PatinFortinSueurEtAl2019

Reference

Patin, R., Fortin, D., Sueur, C. and Chamaillé-Jammes, S. (2019) Space Use and Leadership Modify Dilution Effects on Optimal Vigilance under Food-Safety Trade-Offs. The American Naturalist, 193(1):E15-E28. (URL )

Abstract

Dilution of predation risk within groups allows individuals to be less vigilant and forage more while still facing lower risk than if they were alone. How group size influences vigilance when individuals can also adjust their space use and whether this relationship differs among individuals contributing differently to space use decisions remain unknown. We present a model-based study of how dilution affects the optimal antipredator behavior of group members in groups where all individuals determine their vigilance level while group leaders also determine space use. We showed that optimal vigilance did not always decrease with group size, as it was sometimes favorable for individuals in larger groups to use riskier patches while remaining vigilant. Followers were also generally less vigilant than leaders. Indeed, followers needed to acquire more resources than leaders, as only the latter could decide when to go to richer patches. Followers still benefit from dilution of predation risk compared with solitary individuals. For leaders, keeping their leadership status can be more important than incorporating new group members to increase dilution. We demonstrate that risk dilution impacts both optimal vigilance and space use, with fitness reward being tied to a member’s ability to influence group space use.

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@ARTICLE { PatinFortinSueurEtAl2019,
    AUTHOR = { Patin, R. and Fortin, D. and Sueur, C. and Chamaillé-Jammes, S. },
    TITLE = { Space Use and Leadership Modify Dilution Effects on Optimal Vigilance under Food-Safety Trade-Offs },
    JOURNAL = { The American Naturalist },
    YEAR = { 2019 },
    VOLUME = { 193 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { E15-E28 },
    NOTE = { PMID: 30624106 },
    ABSTRACT = { Dilution of predation risk within groups allows individuals to be less vigilant and forage more while still facing lower risk than if they were alone. How group size influences vigilance when individuals can also adjust their space use and whether this relationship differs among individuals contributing differently to space use decisions remain unknown. We present a model-based study of how dilution affects the optimal antipredator behavior of group members in groups where all individuals determine their vigilance level while group leaders also determine space use. We showed that optimal vigilance did not always decrease with group size, as it was sometimes favorable for individuals in larger groups to use riskier patches while remaining vigilant. Followers were also generally less vigilant than leaders. Indeed, followers needed to acquire more resources than leaders, as only the latter could decide when to go to richer patches. Followers still benefit from dilution of predation risk compared with solitary individuals. For leaders, keeping their leadership status can be more important than incorporating new group members to increase dilution. We demonstrate that risk dilution impacts both optimal vigilance and space use, with fitness reward being tied to a member’s ability to influence group space use. },
    DOI = { 10.1086/700566 },
    EPRINT = { https://doi.org/10.1086/700566 },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1086/700566 },
}

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