FortinGauthier2000

Reference

Fortin, D. and Gauthier, G. (2000) The effect of postural adjustment on the thermal environment of greater snow goose goslings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78(5):817-821.

Abstract

This study examines how changing from a standing to a sitting posture influences the thermal environment of greater snow goose goslings (Chen caerulescens atlantica). This was investigated by estimating the standard operative temperature of four heated taxidermic mounts (3, 10, 20, and 30 d old) exposed to various wind velocities (0-5 m/s) and ground (16-23degreesC) and air (0-15degreesC) temperatures, in three orientations (head, flank, or tail toward the wind) and two postures (sitting and standing). Changes in posture influenced both conductive and convective heat exchanges. At low wind speeds, sitting on the sand reduced the standard operative temperature of goslings, while at high wind speeds sitting enhanced this temperature index. We calculated that a net thermal gain would be obtained by sitting on cold sand at air temperatures of 5, 10,and 15degreesC when the wind speed exceeded 3 m/s for most orientations toward the incoming wind. However, this critical wind speed would be 23% lower following a 7degreesC increase in ground temperature. Our study suggests that postural changes can have important consequences on goslings' thermal environment.It also stresses the importance of considering the synergistic impact of conductive and convective heat transfer processes, when studying the impact of postural changes on thermal environments.

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@ARTICLE { FortinGauthier2000,
    AUTHOR = { Fortin, D. and Gauthier, G. },
    TITLE = { The effect of postural adjustment on the thermal environment of greater snow goose goslings },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Zoology },
    YEAR = { 2000 },
    VOLUME = { 78 },
    PAGES = { 817-821 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    NOTE = { CAN J ZOOL },
    ABSTRACT = { This study examines how changing from a standing to a sitting posture influences the thermal environment of greater snow goose goslings (Chen caerulescens atlantica). This was investigated by estimating the standard operative temperature of four heated taxidermic mounts (3, 10, 20, and 30 d old) exposed to various wind velocities (0-5 m/s) and ground (16-23degreesC) and air (0-15degreesC) temperatures, in three orientations (head, flank, or tail toward the wind) and two postures (sitting and standing). Changes in posture influenced both conductive and convective heat exchanges. At low wind speeds, sitting on the sand reduced the standard operative temperature of goslings, while at high wind speeds sitting enhanced this temperature index. We calculated that a net thermal gain would be obtained by sitting on cold sand at air temperatures of 5, 10,and 15degreesC when the wind speed exceeded 3 m/s for most orientations toward the incoming wind. However, this critical wind speed would be 23% lower following a 7degreesC increase in ground temperature. Our study suggests that postural changes can have important consequences on goslings' thermal environment.It also stresses the importance of considering the synergistic impact of conductive and convective heat transfer processes, when studying the impact of postural changes on thermal environments. },
    KEYWORDS = { standard operative temperature; ecological energetics; taxidermic mounts; small animals; tools; appraisal },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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