LubalegaKimbamba2016

Référence

Lubalega Kimbamba, T. (2016) Évolution naturelle des savanes mises en défens à Ibi-village, sur le plateau des Bateke, en République Démocratique du Congo. Thèse de doctorat, Université Laval. (URL )

Résumé

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), savannas cover 76.8 million hectares and are the second type of ecosystem after the dense forests that represent 10% of the world forests. These grassland and shrubland formations offer significant potential for sequestering carbon dioxide and could contribute thereby to the fight against global warming through reforestation. It is in this context that this thesis is entitled "Natural evolution towards the forest through savannah exclosure in Ibi village on the plateau of Bateke, Democratic Republic of the Congo" in the framework of the IBI- Bateke carbon sink. The overall objective of our research is to study the natural evolution of savannahs in the absence of fire in climatic zones with abundant rainfall. The Bateke plateau serves as a case study. Floristic and dendrometric inventories of shrub and tree strata allowed to follow this natural process taking into account the ecological gradient in the three types of vegetation (forest island, forest gallery and Acacia auriculiformis plantation). We protected shrub savannahs of Bateke plateau to study their natural evolution towards a forest, their establishment, quality, forest regeneration and determine the carbon sequestration rates using allometric equations of Chave et al . (2005). We obtained averaged values of 107,477 t/ha of total biomass or 51,05 Mg C / ha in the gallery forest, 103,772 t/ha of total biomass or 49,29 Mg C / ha in forest Island, and 22,336 t/ha of total biomass or 10,60 Mg C / ha in the plantation. The exclosure has stimulated the installation of forest species, and thereby accelerated the production of biomass and thus carbon sequestration. The comparison of species richness and diversity for forest island and forest gallery shows 22 botanical families inventoried with 55 plant species in the forest island against 27 families with 58 species in the gallery. The canonical analysis conducted between growth variables and environmental variables reveals that there is indeed a strong interdependence relationship between the two variables considered groups. The appropriate methodology for this study was never mentioned nor suggested by previous studies by other researchers on the plateau Bateke. Keywords: Forest gallery, forest island, exclosure, Acacia auriculiformis plantation, reforestation, natural regeneration, Democratic Republic of the Congo, savannas.

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@PHDTHESIS { LubalegaKimbamba2016,
    TITLE = { Évolution naturelle des savanes mises en défens à Ibi-village, sur le plateau des Bateke, en République Démocratique du Congo },
    AUTHOR = { Lubalega Kimbamba, T. },
    SCHOOL = { Université Laval },
    YEAR = { 2016 },
    NOTE = { CEFTMS, Ruel, J.-C. and Khasa, D.P. },
    ABSTRACT = { In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), savannas cover 76.8 million hectares and are the second type of ecosystem after the dense forests that represent 10% of the world forests. These grassland and shrubland formations offer significant potential for sequestering carbon dioxide and could contribute thereby to the fight against global warming through reforestation. It is in this context that this thesis is entitled "Natural evolution towards the forest through savannah exclosure in Ibi village on the plateau of Bateke, Democratic Republic of the Congo" in the framework of the IBI- Bateke carbon sink. The overall objective of our research is to study the natural evolution of savannahs in the absence of fire in climatic zones with abundant rainfall. The Bateke plateau serves as a case study. Floristic and dendrometric inventories of shrub and tree strata allowed to follow this natural process taking into account the ecological gradient in the three types of vegetation (forest island, forest gallery and Acacia auriculiformis plantation). We protected shrub savannahs of Bateke plateau to study their natural evolution towards a forest, their establishment, quality, forest regeneration and determine the carbon sequestration rates using allometric equations of Chave et al . (2005). We obtained averaged values of 107,477 t/ha of total biomass or 51,05 Mg C / ha in the gallery forest, 103,772 t/ha of total biomass or 49,29 Mg C / ha in forest Island, and 22,336 t/ha of total biomass or 10,60 Mg C / ha in the plantation. The exclosure has stimulated the installation of forest species, and thereby accelerated the production of biomass and thus carbon sequestration. The comparison of species richness and diversity for forest island and forest gallery shows 22 botanical families inventoried with 55 plant species in the forest island against 27 families with 58 species in the gallery. The canonical analysis conducted between growth variables and environmental variables reveals that there is indeed a strong interdependence relationship between the two variables considered groups. The appropriate methodology for this study was never mentioned nor suggested by previous studies by other researchers on the plateau Bateke. Keywords: Forest gallery, forest island, exclosure, Acacia auriculiformis plantation, reforestation, natural regeneration, Democratic Republic of the Congo, savannas. },
    URL = { https://corpus.ulaval.ca/jspui/handle/20.500.11794/26989 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2019-10-08 },
}

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