VincentKrauseZhang2009

Référence

Vincent, M., Krause, C., Zhang, S.Y. (2009) Radial growth response of black spruce roots and stems to commercial thinning in the boreal forest. Forestry, 82(5):557-571. (Scopus )

Résumé

Black spruce is one of the most important boreal tree species in Canada. In the current ecosystem-based management context, commercial thinning (CT) could be a sound choice for attaining sustainable forest management while still achieving maximum returns on competitive timber markets. Through stand density regulation, CT aims to increase tree growth and enhances stand productivity, but the pattern and level of treatment responses are still unknown. This study examined the radial growth response of roots and stems to CT in 10 thinned stands and their controls. A split-plot unbalanced model was developed to describe growth variations over time. The study shows that CT leads to an increase in the radial growth of stems and roots for at least 10 years after the treatment. The 10-year post-treatment radial growth increment of stems is from 20 to 100 per cent higher than the pre-treatment 10-year mean growth. Response depends upon tree diameter and competition, with the biggest trees exhibiting the lowest response to the treatment. Nevertheless, these variables only explain a fraction of the response (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.0511), suggesting that much of the observed variation may be due to variability between the stands and between trees within a stand. Moreover, stem growth response is correlated with, but lags behind root growth response. This study suggests that CT results may be enhanced by the selection of retained trees based on initial diameter at breast height. © Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2009.

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@ARTICLE { VincentKrauseZhang2009,
    AUTHOR = { Vincent, M. and Krause, C. and Zhang, S.Y. },
    TITLE = { Radial growth response of black spruce roots and stems to commercial thinning in the boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 82 },
    PAGES = { 557-571 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    ABSTRACT = { Black spruce is one of the most important boreal tree species in Canada. In the current ecosystem-based management context, commercial thinning (CT) could be a sound choice for attaining sustainable forest management while still achieving maximum returns on competitive timber markets. Through stand density regulation, CT aims to increase tree growth and enhances stand productivity, but the pattern and level of treatment responses are still unknown. This study examined the radial growth response of roots and stems to CT in 10 thinned stands and their controls. A split-plot unbalanced model was developed to describe growth variations over time. The study shows that CT leads to an increase in the radial growth of stems and roots for at least 10 years after the treatment. The 10-year post-treatment radial growth increment of stems is from 20 to 100 per cent higher than the pre-treatment 10-year mean growth. Response depends upon tree diameter and competition, with the biggest trees exhibiting the lowest response to the treatment. Nevertheless, these variables only explain a fraction of the response (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.0511), suggesting that much of the observed variation may be due to variability between the stands and between trees within a stand. Moreover, stem growth response is correlated with, but lags behind root growth response. This study suggests that CT results may be enhanced by the selection of retained trees based on initial diameter at breast height. © Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2009. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 10 February 2010 Source: Scopus CODEN: FRSTA doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpp025 },
    ISSN = { 0015752X (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { boreal forest, commercial activity, diameter, ecosystem management, growth response, root system, stem, sustainable forestry, thinning, timber market, Canada },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.02.10 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-73249130105&partnerID=40&md5=2092fde98eaf38acc4def0e23e6ffba1 },
}

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