TranquilliAbedi-LarteyAbernethyEtAl2014

Référence

Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Abernethy, K., Amsini, F., Asamoah, A., Balangtaa, C., Blake, S., Bouanga, E., Breuer, T., Brncic, T.M., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Chapman, C.A., Davenport, T.R.B., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ekobo, A., Eno-Nku, M., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J.A., Head, J., Hega, M., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T.C., Holbech, L.H., Huijbregts, B., Kühl, H.S., Imong, I., Yeno, S.L.-D., Linder, J., Marshall, P., Lero, P.M., Morgan, D., Mubalama, L., N'Goran, P.K., Nicholas, A., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dongmo, Z., Ofori-Amanfo, R., Ogunjemite, B.G., Petre, C.-A., Rainey, H.J., Regnaut, S., Robinson, O., Rundus, A., Sanz, C.M., Okon, D.T., Todd, A., Warren, Y. and Sommer, V. (2014) Protected areas in tropical Africa: Assessing threats and conservation activities. PLoS ONE, 9(12). (Scopus )

Résumé

Numerous protected areas (PAs) have been created in Africa to safeguard wildlife and other natural resources. However, significant threats from anthropogenic activities and decline of wildlife populations persist, while conservation efforts in most PAs are still minimal. We assessed the impact level of the most common threats to wildlife within PAs in tropical Africa and the relationship of conservation activities with threat impact level. We collated data on 98 PAs with tropical forest cover from 15 countries across West, Central and East Africa. For this, we assembled information about local threats as well as conservation activities from published and unpublished literature, and questionnaires sent to long-term field workers. We constructed general linear models to test the significance of specific conservation activities in relation to the threat impact level. Subsistence and commercial hunting were identified as the most common direct threats to wildlife and found to be most prevalent in West and Central Africa. Agriculture and logging represented the most common indirect threats, and were most prevalent in West Africa. We found that the long-term presence of conservation activities (such as law enforcement, research and tourism) was associated with lower threat impact levels. Our results highlight deficiencies in the management effectiveness of several PAs across tropical Africa, and conclude that PA management should invest more into conservation activities with long-term duration. Copyright: © 2014 Tranquilli et al.

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@ARTICLE { TranquilliAbedi-LarteyAbernethyEtAl2014,
    AUTHOR = { Tranquilli, S. and Abedi-Lartey, M. and Abernethy, K. and Amsini, F. and Asamoah, A. and Balangtaa, C. and Blake, S. and Bouanga, E. and Breuer, T. and Brncic, T.M. and Campbell, G. and Chancellor, R. and Chapman, C.A. and Davenport, T.R.B. and Dunn, A. and Dupain, J. and Ekobo, A. and Eno-Nku, M. and Etoga, G. and Furuichi, T. and Gatti, S. and Ghiurghi, A. and Hashimoto, C. and Hart, J.A. and Head, J. and Hega, M. and Herbinger, I. and Hicks, T.C. and Holbech, L.H. and Huijbregts, B. and Kühl, H.S. and Imong, I. and Yeno, S.L.-D. and Linder, J. and Marshall, P. and Lero, P.M. and Morgan, D. and Mubalama, L. and N'Goran, P.K. and Nicholas, A. and Nixon, S. and Normand, E. and Nziguyimpa, L. and Nzooh-Dongmo, Z. and Ofori-Amanfo, R. and Ogunjemite, B.G. and Petre, C.-A. and Rainey, H.J. and Regnaut, S. and Robinson, O. and Rundus, A. and Sanz, C.M. and Okon, D.T. and Todd, A. and Warren, Y. and Sommer, V. },
    TITLE = { Protected areas in tropical Africa: Assessing threats and conservation activities },
    JOURNAL = { PLoS ONE },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 9 },
    NUMBER = { 12 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Numerous protected areas (PAs) have been created in Africa to safeguard wildlife and other natural resources. However, significant threats from anthropogenic activities and decline of wildlife populations persist, while conservation efforts in most PAs are still minimal. We assessed the impact level of the most common threats to wildlife within PAs in tropical Africa and the relationship of conservation activities with threat impact level. We collated data on 98 PAs with tropical forest cover from 15 countries across West, Central and East Africa. For this, we assembled information about local threats as well as conservation activities from published and unpublished literature, and questionnaires sent to long-term field workers. We constructed general linear models to test the significance of specific conservation activities in relation to the threat impact level. Subsistence and commercial hunting were identified as the most common direct threats to wildlife and found to be most prevalent in West and Central Africa. Agriculture and logging represented the most common indirect threats, and were most prevalent in West Africa. We found that the long-term presence of conservation activities (such as law enforcement, research and tourism) was associated with lower threat impact levels. Our results highlight deficiencies in the management effectiveness of several PAs across tropical Africa, and conclude that PA management should invest more into conservation activities with long-term duration. Copyright: © 2014 Tranquilli et al. },
    ART_NUMBER = { 0114154 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1371/journal.pone.0114154 },
    KEYWORDS = { Africa; agriculture; Article; controlled study; endangered species; environmental impact assessment; human; information processing; law enforcement; logging; nonhuman; protected area; statistical model; tourism; tropics; wildlife conservation },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84915818890&partnerID=40&md5=54586cf47b67ea77fba349de17274ba9 },
}

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