ShepherdChapman1998

Référence

Shepherd, V.E. and Chapman, C.A. (1998) Dung beetles as secondary seed dispersers: Impact on seed predation and germination. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 14(2):199-215. (Scopus )

Résumé

Dispersal of seeds away from the parent plant may facilitate escape from density-dependent seed mortality. However, many post-dispersal events can have a profound influence on the survival of dispersed seeds. By incorporating seeds in the dung that dung beetles process for consumption and oviposition, dung beetles could enhance seed survival if they remove seeds from areas of high predation risk and place them in locations that avoid subsequent predation and that are suitable for germination. The role of dung beetles in seed survival was investigated over 15 mo in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Depths of seeds buried by beetles, levels of predation on buried and unburied seeds, and germination success of seeds buried to different depths were examined. Results suggest that by burying seeds dung beetles increase the probability that seeds will escape predation and germinate. Of seeds placed in dungpiles, 69% remained at the surface, while 25% were buried from 1-3 cm in depth. Larger seeds were buried more shallowly than smaller seeds. Buried seeds were less likely to be removed by predators than seeds at the surface. Germination of seeds buried at 1- and 3-cm depths was significantly higher than seeds buried at 10 cm. For the species tested, many seeds were buried by dung beetles between 1 and 3 cm and at this depth there was a high probability of escaping predators and germinating. This demonstrates the potential ecological importance of dung beetles in facilitating seed survival and provides data to consider the role of dung beetles in the evolution of seed attributes.

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@ARTICLE { ShepherdChapman1998,
    AUTHOR = { Shepherd, V.E. and Chapman, C.A. },
    TITLE = { Dung beetles as secondary seed dispersers: Impact on seed predation and germination },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Tropical Ecology },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 14 },
    PAGES = { 199--215 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    __MARKEDENTRY = { [Luc:6] },
    ABSTRACT = { Dispersal of seeds away from the parent plant may facilitate escape from density-dependent seed mortality. However, many post-dispersal events can have a profound influence on the survival of dispersed seeds. By incorporating seeds in the dung that dung beetles process for consumption and oviposition, dung beetles could enhance seed survival if they remove seeds from areas of high predation risk and place them in locations that avoid subsequent predation and that are suitable for germination. The role of dung beetles in seed survival was investigated over 15 mo in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Depths of seeds buried by beetles, levels of predation on buried and unburied seeds, and germination success of seeds buried to different depths were examined. Results suggest that by burying seeds dung beetles increase the probability that seeds will escape predation and germinate. Of seeds placed in dungpiles, 69% remained at the surface, while 25% were buried from 1-3 cm in depth. Larger seeds were buried more shallowly than smaller seeds. Buried seeds were less likely to be removed by predators than seeds at the surface. Germination of seeds buried at 1- and 3-cm depths was significantly higher than seeds buried at 10 cm. For the species tested, many seeds were buried by dung beetles between 1 and 3 cm and at this depth there was a high probability of escaping predators and germinating. This demonstrates the potential ecological importance of dung beetles in facilitating seed survival and provides data to consider the role of dung beetles in the evolution of seed attributes. },
    ADDRESS = { Department of Zoology, 223 Bartram Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996):59 Export Date: 14 February 2014 Source: Scopus },
    KEYWORDS = { Dung beetles, Kibale National Park, Regeneration, Seed dispersal, Seed size, Uganda },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2014.02.14 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0031901603&partnerID=40&md5=135a24f4a099c7390a5cf845e13a5b5d },
}

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