SalernoChapmanDiemEtAl2018

Référence

Salerno, J., Chapman, C.A., Diem, J.E., Dowhaniuk, N., Goldman, A., MacKenzie, C.A., Omeja, P.A., Palace, M.W., Reyna-Hurtado, R., Ryan, S.J., Hartter, J. (2018) Park isolation in anthropogenic landscapes: land change and livelihoods at park boundaries in the African Albertine Rift. Regional Environmental Change, 18(3):913-928. (Scopus )

Résumé

Landscapes are changing rapidly in regions where rural people live adjacent to protected parks and reserves. This is the case in highland East Africa, where many parks are increasingly isolated in a matrix of small farms and settlements. In this review, we synthesize published findings and extant data sources to assess the processes and outcomes of park isolation, with a regional focus on people’s livelihoods at park boundaries in the Ugandan Albertine Rift. The region maintains exceptionally high rural population density and growth and is classified as a global biodiversity hotspot. In addition to the impacts of increasing numbers of people, our synthesis highlights compounding factors—changing climate, increasing land value and variable tenure, and declining farm yields—that accelerate effects of population growth on park isolation and widespread landscape change. Unpacking these processes at the regional scale identifies outcomes of isolation in the unprotected landscape—high frequency of human-wildlife conflict, potential for zoonotic disease transmission, land and resource competition, and declining wildlife populations in forest fragments. We recommend a strategy for the management of isolated parks that includes augmenting outreach by park authorities and supporting community needs in the human landscape, for example through healthcare services, while also maintaining hard park boundaries through traditional protectionism. Even in cases where conservation refers to biodiversity in isolated parks, landscape strategies must include an understanding of the local livelihood context in order to ensure long-term sustainable biodiversity protection. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

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@ARTICLE { SalernoChapmanDiemEtAl2018,
    AUTHOR = { Salerno, J. and Chapman, C.A. and Diem, J.E. and Dowhaniuk, N. and Goldman, A. and MacKenzie, C.A. and Omeja, P.A. and Palace, M.W. and Reyna-Hurtado, R. and Ryan, S.J. and Hartter, J. },
    TITLE = { Park isolation in anthropogenic landscapes: land change and livelihoods at park boundaries in the African Albertine Rift },
    JOURNAL = { Regional Environmental Change },
    YEAR = { 2018 },
    VOLUME = { 18 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    PAGES = { 913-928 },
    NOTE = { cited By 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { Landscapes are changing rapidly in regions where rural people live adjacent to protected parks and reserves. This is the case in highland East Africa, where many parks are increasingly isolated in a matrix of small farms and settlements. In this review, we synthesize published findings and extant data sources to assess the processes and outcomes of park isolation, with a regional focus on people’s livelihoods at park boundaries in the Ugandan Albertine Rift. The region maintains exceptionally high rural population density and growth and is classified as a global biodiversity hotspot. In addition to the impacts of increasing numbers of people, our synthesis highlights compounding factors—changing climate, increasing land value and variable tenure, and declining farm yields—that accelerate effects of population growth on park isolation and widespread landscape change. Unpacking these processes at the regional scale identifies outcomes of isolation in the unprotected landscape—high frequency of human-wildlife conflict, potential for zoonotic disease transmission, land and resource competition, and declining wildlife populations in forest fragments. We recommend a strategy for the management of isolated parks that includes augmenting outreach by park authorities and supporting community needs in the human landscape, for example through healthcare services, while also maintaining hard park boundaries through traditional protectionism. Even in cases where conservation refers to biodiversity in isolated parks, landscape strategies must include an understanding of the local livelihood context in order to ensure long-term sustainable biodiversity protection. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany. },
    AFFILIATION = { Environmental Studies Program, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States; Department of Anthropology and McGill School of Environment, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Geosciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, United States; Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States; Department of Environmental and Global Health, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States; Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Geography, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, United States; Makerere University Biological Field Station, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; Earth Systems Research Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, United States; Departamento de Conservación de la Biodiversidad, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Chis, Mexico },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity conservation; Climate change; Deforestation; Ecosystem services; Livelihoods; Protected areas },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Review },
    DOI = { 10.1007/s10113-017-1250-1 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85033580943&doi=10.1007%2fs10113-017-1250-1&partnerID=40&md5=ce4d530d82c0f5178baefed17f0a8543 },
}

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