LauranceCarolinaRendeiroEtAl2012

Référence

Laurance, W.F., Carolina Useche, D., Rendeiro, J., Kalka, M., Bradshaw, C.J.A., Sloan, S.P., Laurance, S.G., Campbell, M., Abernethy, K., Alvarez, P., Arroyo-Rodriguez, V., Ashton, P., Benatez-Malvido, J., Blom, A., Bobo, K.S., Cannon, C.H., Cao, M., Carroll, R., Chapman, C.A., Coates, R., Cords, M., Danielsen, F., De Dijn, B., Dinerstein, E., Donnelly, M.A., Edwards, D., Edwards, F., Farwig, N., Fashing, P., Forget, P.-M., Foster, M., Gale, G., Harris, D., Harrison, R., Hart, J., Karpanty, S., John Kress, W., Krishnaswamy, J., Logsdon, W., Lovett, J., Magnusson, W., Maisels, F., Marshall, A.R., McClearn, D., Mudappa, D., Nielsen, M.R., Pearson, R., Pitman, N., Van Der Ploeg, J., Plumptre, A., Poulsen, J., Quesada, M., Rainey, H., Robinson, D., Roetgers, C., Rovero, F., Scatena, F., Schulze, C., Sheil, D., Struhsaker, T., Terborgh, J., Thomas, D., Timm, R., Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, J., Vasudevan, K., Joseph Wright, S., Carlos Arias-G., J., Arroyo, L., Ashton, M., Auzel, P., Babaasa, D., Babweteera, F., Baker, P., Banki, O., Bass, M., Bila-Isia, I., Blake, S., Brockelman, W., Brokaw, N., Brahl, C.A., Bunyavejchewin, S., Chao, J.-T., Chave, J., Chellam, R., Clark, C.J., Clavijo, J., Congdon, R., Corlett, R., Dattaraja, H.S., Dave, C., Davies, G., De Mello Beisiegel, B., De Nazaro Paes Da Silva, R., Di Fiore, A., Diesmos, A., Dirzo, R., Doran-Sheehy, D., Eaton, M., Emmons, L., Estrada, A., Ewango, C., Fedigan, L., Feer, F., Fruth, B., Giacalone Willis, J., Goodale, U., Goodman, S., Guix, J.C., Guthiga, P., Haber, W., Hamer, K., Herbinger, I., Hill, J., Huang, Z., Fang Sun, I., Ickes, K., Itoh, A., Ivanauskas, N., Jackes, B., Janovec, J., Janzen, D., Jiangming, M., Jin, C., Jones, T., Justiniano, H., Kalko, E., Kasangaki, A., Killeen, T., King, H.-B., Klop, E., Knott, C., Kona, I., Kudavidanage, E., Lahoz Da Silva Ribeiro, J., Lattke, J., Laval, R., Lawton, R., Leal, M., Leighton, M., Lentino, M., Leonel, C., Lindsell, J., Ling-Ling, L., Eduard Linsenmair, K., Losos, E., Lugo, A., Lwanga, J., MacK, A.L., Martins, M., Scott McGraw, W., McNab, R., Montag, L., Myers Thompson, J., Nabe-Nielsen, J., Nakagawa, M., Nepal, S., Norconk, M., Novotny, V., O'Donnell, S., Opiang, M., Ouboter, P., Parker, K., Parthasarathy, N., Pisciotta, K., Prawiradilaga, D., Pringle, C., Rajathurai, S., Reichard, U., Reinartz, G., Renton, K., Reynolds, G., Reynolds, V., Riley, E., Radel, M.-O., Rothman, J., Round, P., Sakai, S., Sanaiotti, T., Savini, T., Schaab, G., Seidensticker, J., Siaka, A., Silman, M.R., Smith, T.B., De Almeida, S.S., Sodhi, N., Stanford, C., Stewart, K., Stokes, E., Stoner, K.E., Sukumar, R., Surbeck, M., Tobler, M., Tscharntke, T., Turkalo, A., Umapathy, G., Van Weerd, M., Vega Rivera, J., Venkataraman, M., Venn, L., Verea, C., Volkmer De Castilho, C., Waltert, M., Wang, B., Watts, D., Weber, W., West, P., Whitacre, D., Whitney, K., Wilkie, D., Williams, S., Wright, D.D., Wright, P., Xiankai, L., Yonzon, P. and Zamzani, F. (2012) Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas. Nature, 489(7415):290-293. (Scopus )

Résumé

The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses. As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the worlds major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve health: about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { LauranceCarolinaRendeiroEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Laurance, W.F. and Carolina Useche, D. and Rendeiro, J. and Kalka, M. and Bradshaw, C.J.A. and Sloan, S.P. and Laurance, S.G. and Campbell, M. and Abernethy, K. and Alvarez, P. and Arroyo-Rodriguez, V. and Ashton, P. and Benatez-Malvido, J. and Blom, A. and Bobo, K.S. and Cannon, C.H. and Cao, M. and Carroll, R. and Chapman, C.A. and Coates, R. and Cords, M. and Danielsen, F. and De Dijn, B. and Dinerstein, E. and Donnelly, M.A. and Edwards, D. and Edwards, F. and Farwig, N. and Fashing, P. and Forget, P.-M. and Foster, M. and Gale, G. and Harris, D. and Harrison, R. and Hart, J. and Karpanty, S. and John Kress, W. and Krishnaswamy, J. and Logsdon, W. and Lovett, J. and Magnusson, W. and Maisels, F. and Marshall, A.R. and McClearn, D. and Mudappa, D. and Nielsen, M.R. and Pearson, R. and Pitman, N. and Van Der Ploeg, J. and Plumptre, A. and Poulsen, J. and Quesada, M. and Rainey, H. and Robinson, D. and Roetgers, C. and Rovero, F. and Scatena, F. and Schulze, C. and Sheil, D. and Struhsaker, T. and Terborgh, J. and Thomas, D. and Timm, R. and Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, J. and Vasudevan, K. and Joseph Wright, S. and Carlos Arias-G., J. and Arroyo, L. and Ashton, M. and Auzel, P. and Babaasa, D. and Babweteera, F. and Baker, P. and Banki, O. and Bass, M. and Bila-Isia, I. and Blake, S. and Brockelman, W. and Brokaw, N. and Brahl, C.A. and Bunyavejchewin, S. and Chao, J.-T. and Chave, J. and Chellam, R. and Clark, C.J. and Clavijo, J. and Congdon, R. and Corlett, R. and Dattaraja, H.S. and Dave, C. and Davies, G. and De Mello Beisiegel, B. and De Nazaro Paes Da Silva, R. and Di Fiore, A. and Diesmos, A. and Dirzo, R. and Doran-Sheehy, D. and Eaton, M. and Emmons, L. and Estrada, A. and Ewango, C. and Fedigan, L. and Feer, F. and Fruth, B. and Giacalone Willis, J. and Goodale, U. and Goodman, S. and Guix, J.C. and Guthiga, P. and Haber, W. and Hamer, K. and Herbinger, I. and Hill, J. and Huang, Z. and Fang Sun, I. and Ickes, K. and Itoh, A. and Ivanauskas, N. and Jackes, B. and Janovec, J. and Janzen, D. and Jiangming, M. and Jin, C. and Jones, T. and Justiniano, H. and Kalko, E. and Kasangaki, A. and Killeen, T. and King, H.-B. and Klop, E. and Knott, C. and Kona, I. and Kudavidanage, E. and Lahoz Da Silva Ribeiro, J. and Lattke, J. and Laval, R. and Lawton, R. and Leal, M. and Leighton, M. and Lentino, M. and Leonel, C. and Lindsell, J. and Ling-Ling, L. and Eduard Linsenmair, K. and Losos, E. and Lugo, A. and Lwanga, J. and MacK, A.L. and Martins, M. and Scott McGraw, W. and McNab, R. and Montag, L. and Myers Thompson, J. and Nabe-Nielsen, J. and Nakagawa, M. and Nepal, S. and Norconk, M. and Novotny, V. and O'Donnell, S. and Opiang, M. and Ouboter, P. and Parker, K. and Parthasarathy, N. and Pisciotta, K. and Prawiradilaga, D. and Pringle, C. and Rajathurai, S. and Reichard, U. and Reinartz, G. and Renton, K. and Reynolds, G. and Reynolds, V. and Riley, E. and Radel, M.-O. and Rothman, J. and Round, P. and Sakai, S. and Sanaiotti, T. and Savini, T. and Schaab, G. and Seidensticker, J. and Siaka, A. and Silman, M.R. and Smith, T.B. and De Almeida, S.S. and Sodhi, N. and Stanford, C. and Stewart, K. and Stokes, E. and Stoner, K.E. and Sukumar, R. and Surbeck, M. and Tobler, M. and Tscharntke, T. and Turkalo, A. and Umapathy, G. and Van Weerd, M. and Vega Rivera, J. and Venkataraman, M. and Venn, L. and Verea, C. and Volkmer De Castilho, C. and Waltert, M. and Wang, B. and Watts, D. and Weber, W. and West, P. and Whitacre, D. and Whitney, K. and Wilkie, D. and Williams, S. and Wright, D.D. and Wright, P. and Xiankai, L. and Yonzon, P. and Zamzani, F. },
    TITLE = { Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas },
    JOURNAL = { Nature },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 489 },
    PAGES = { 290-293 },
    NUMBER = { 7415 },
    ABSTRACT = { The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses. As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the worlds major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve health: about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. },
    ADDRESS = { Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996):40 Export Date: 14 February 2014 Source: Scopus },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2014.02.14 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84866154510&partnerID=40&md5=6dabb65cabefbbc52b6aa079e840a8e0 },
}

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