GoldbergGillespieRwegoEtAl2007

Référence

Goldberg, T.L., Gillespie, T.R., Rwego, I.B., Wheeler, E., Estoff, E.L. and Chapman, C.A. (2007) Patterns of gastrointestinal bacterial exchange between chimpanzees and humans involved in research and tourism in western Uganda. Biological Conservation, 135(4):527-533. (Scopus )

Résumé

Ecological overlap may increase the risks of microbial exchange between humans and wild non-human primates. Escherichia coli bacteria were collected from chimpanzees and humans in Kibale National Park, western Uganda, in May and June 2004, in order to examine whether interaction between humans and apes in the wild might affect gastrointestinal bacterial communities in the two species. Chimpanzees harbored bacteria genetically more similar to those of humans employed in chimpanzee-directed research and tourism than to those of humans from a local village. Most humans (81.6%) and 4.4% of chimpanzees harbored at least one isolate resistant to locally available antibiotics. In isolates from both humans and chimpanzees, resistance was higher to five of these antibiotics than to Ceftiofur, an antibiotic not available in the region. These data indicate that humans and apes interacting in the wild can share genetically and phenotypically similar gastrointestinal bacteria, presumably originating from common environmental sources. Strategies to limit transmission of pathogens between humans and primates, whether that transmission is direct or indirect, would benefit both human health and primate conservation. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { GoldbergGillespieRwegoEtAl2007,
    AUTHOR = { Goldberg, T.L. and Gillespie, T.R. and Rwego, I.B. and Wheeler, E. and Estoff, E.L. and Chapman, C.A. },
    TITLE = { Patterns of gastrointestinal bacterial exchange between chimpanzees and humans involved in research and tourism in western Uganda },
    JOURNAL = { Biological Conservation },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 135 },
    PAGES = { 527--533 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    __MARKEDENTRY = { [Luc:6] },
    ABSTRACT = { Ecological overlap may increase the risks of microbial exchange between humans and wild non-human primates. Escherichia coli bacteria were collected from chimpanzees and humans in Kibale National Park, western Uganda, in May and June 2004, in order to examine whether interaction between humans and apes in the wild might affect gastrointestinal bacterial communities in the two species. Chimpanzees harbored bacteria genetically more similar to those of humans employed in chimpanzee-directed research and tourism than to those of humans from a local village. Most humans (81.6%) and 4.4% of chimpanzees harbored at least one isolate resistant to locally available antibiotics. In isolates from both humans and chimpanzees, resistance was higher to five of these antibiotics than to Ceftiofur, an antibiotic not available in the region. These data indicate that humans and apes interacting in the wild can share genetically and phenotypically similar gastrointestinal bacteria, presumably originating from common environmental sources. Strategies to limit transmission of pathogens between humans and primates, whether that transmission is direct or indirect, would benefit both human health and primate conservation. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. },
    ADDRESS = { Department of Anthropology, McGill University School of Environment, McGill University, Montreal, Que. H3A 2T7, Canada },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996):33 Export Date: 14 February 2014 Source: Scopus },
    KEYWORDS = { Chimpanzee, Escherichia coli, Molecular epidemiology, Pan troglodytes, Tourism, Transmission, Uganda, Zoonoses },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2014.02.14 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33846332379&partnerID=40&md5=b28e0db3e65b3e09d99ce96115997e3f },
}

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