ChapmanChapmanWrangham1992

Référence

Chapman, L.J., Chapman, C.A. and Wrangham, R.W. (1992) Balanites wilsoniana: elephant dependent dispersal? Journal of Tropical Ecology, 8(3):275-283. (Scopus )

Résumé

Forest elephants Loxodonta africana in Uganda play a key role as seed dispersal agents for the upper canopy forest tree, Balanites wilsoniana. Seed that passed through elephants had a much greater probability of germinating (50.7%) than seeds from fruits collected directly from the tree (3%). Of 515 seeds that were collected from under parent trees, 89.1% were rotten at the time of collection, 2.6% had been eaten by forest pigs, 2.8% had been killed by squirrels, and 0.7% had been killed by insect damage. The remaining 4.8% of the seeds were still alive. In 150 hours of focal observations on B. wilsoniana trees, two fruits were seen to be destroyed by squirrels, no fruits were seen to be consumed by potential dispersers, and no evidence of scatter hoarding was found. -from Authors

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@ARTICLE { ChapmanChapmanWrangham1992,
    AUTHOR = { Chapman, L.J. and Chapman, C.A. and Wrangham, R.W. },
    TITLE = { Balanites wilsoniana: elephant dependent dispersal? },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Tropical Ecology },
    YEAR = { 1992 },
    VOLUME = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 275--283 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    __MARKEDENTRY = { [Luc:6] },
    ABSTRACT = { Forest elephants Loxodonta africana in Uganda play a key role as seed dispersal agents for the upper canopy forest tree, Balanites wilsoniana. Seed that passed through elephants had a much greater probability of germinating (50.7%) than seeds from fruits collected directly from the tree (3%). Of 515 seeds that were collected from under parent trees, 89.1% were rotten at the time of collection, 2.6% had been eaten by forest pigs, 2.8% had been killed by squirrels, and 0.7% had been killed by insect damage. The remaining 4.8% of the seeds were still alive. In 150 hours of focal observations on B. wilsoniana trees, two fruits were seen to be destroyed by squirrels, no fruits were seen to be consumed by potential dispersers, and no evidence of scatter hoarding was found. -from Authors },
    ADDRESS = { Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996):53 Export Date: 14 February 2014 Source: Scopus },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2014.02.14 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0027044394&partnerID=40&md5=5b6e4cefb20dba216bd136849651414c },
}

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