BortolamiolKriefChapmanEtAl2018

Référence

Bortolamiol, S., Krief, S., Chapman, C.A., Kagoro, W., Seguya, A., Cohen, M. (2018) Wildlife and spiritual knowledge at the edge of protected areas: Raising another voice in conservation. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 7:1-26. (Scopus )

Résumé

International guidelines recommend the integration of local communities within protected areas management as a means to improve conservation efforts. However, local management plans rarely consider communities knowledge about wildlife and their traditions to promote biodiversity conservation. In the Sebitoli area of Kibale National Park, Uganda, the contact of local communities with wildlife has been strictly limited at least since the establishment of the park in 1993. The park has not develop programs, outside of touristic sites, to promote local traditions, knowledge, and beliefs in order to link neighboring community members to nature. To investigate such links, we used a combination of semidirected interviews and participative observations (N= 31) with three communities. While human and wildlife territories are legally disjointed, results show that traditional wildlife and spiritual related knowledge trespasses them and the contact with nature is maintained though practice, culture, and imagination. More than 66% of the people we interviewed have wild animals as totems, and continue to use plants to medicate, cook, or build. Five spirits structure humanwildlife relationships at specific sacred sites. However, this knowledge varies as a function of the location of local communities and the sacred sites. A better integration of local wildlifefriendly knowledge into management plans may revive communities' connectedness to nature, motivate conservation behaviors, and promote biodiversity conservation. © 2018 Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco.

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@ARTICLE { BortolamiolKriefChapmanEtAl2018,
    AUTHOR = { Bortolamiol, S. and Krief, S. and Chapman, C.A. and Kagoro, W. and Seguya, A. and Cohen, M. },
    TITLE = { Wildlife and spiritual knowledge at the edge of protected areas: Raising another voice in conservation },
    JOURNAL = { Ethnobiology and Conservation },
    YEAR = { 2018 },
    VOLUME = { 7 },
    PAGES = { 1-26 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { International guidelines recommend the integration of local communities within protected areas management as a means to improve conservation efforts. However, local management plans rarely consider communities knowledge about wildlife and their traditions to promote biodiversity conservation. In the Sebitoli area of Kibale National Park, Uganda, the contact of local communities with wildlife has been strictly limited at least since the establishment of the park in 1993. The park has not develop programs, outside of touristic sites, to promote local traditions, knowledge, and beliefs in order to link neighboring community members to nature. To investigate such links, we used a combination of semidirected interviews and participative observations (N= 31) with three communities. While human and wildlife territories are legally disjointed, results show that traditional wildlife and spiritual related knowledge trespasses them and the contact with nature is maintained though practice, culture, and imagination. More than 66% of the people we interviewed have wild animals as totems, and continue to use plants to medicate, cook, or build. Five spirits structure humanwildlife relationships at specific sacred sites. However, this knowledge varies as a function of the location of local communities and the sacred sites. A better integration of local wildlifefriendly knowledge into management plans may revive communities' connectedness to nature, motivate conservation behaviors, and promote biodiversity conservation. © 2018 Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. },
    AFFILIATION = { Sebitoli Chimpanzee Project (SCP), Great Apes Conservation Project (GACP), Sebitoli Station, Kibale National Park, Uganda; UMR 7533 Laboratoire Dynamiques Sociales et Recomposition des Espaces, Université Paris Diderot (Sorbonne Paris Cité), 200 avenue de la République, Nanterre Cedex, 92001, France; UMR 7206 EcoAnthropologie et Ethnobiologie (MNHN/CNRS/Paris Diderot), 17 place du Trocadéro, Paris, 75016, France; Department of Geography, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke street West, Montreal, H3A 0B9, Canada; Department of Anthropology, McGill University, 3460 McTavish street, Montreal, H3A 1X9, Canada; Uganda Wildlife Authority, P.O. Box 3530, Kampala, Uganda; UMR 8185 Espaces, Nature, Culture (Sorbonne Université), Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, Paris, 75005, France },
    ART_NUMBER = { 12 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Chimpanzee; Kibale National Park; Local communities; Spirits; Totems; Uganda; Wildlife },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.15451/ec2018-08-7.12-1-26 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85053033085&doi=10.15451%2fec2018-08-7.12-1-26&partnerID=40&md5=a0501d25a73be1672b94ed102420d56c },
}

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