Varady-SzaboBuddle2006

Reference

Varady-Szabo, H. and Buddle, C.M. (2006) On the relationships between ground-dwelling spider (Araneae) assemblages and dead wood in a northern sugar maple forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15(13):4119-4141.

Abstract

Downed woody material (fallen logs) offers ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) ideal sites for nesting and foraging, but little is known about what characteristics of dead wood influence spider assemblages. In a maple forest of Forillon National Park, in eastern Que?bec (Canada), spider assemblages on, adjacent to, and away from fallen logs were compared. We also tested how log type (coniferous vs. deciduous) and decomposition stage influenced spider assemblages. Sampling was done for an intensive four-week period using both litter samples and pitfall traps. A total of 5613 spiders representing 83 species from 16 families was collected. Spiders were affected by the presence of logs, as both species diversity and total number of individuals collected were significantly higher on the log surface compared to the forest floor. Ordination analysis revealed a distinct compositional difference between the spider fauna found on the wood surface compared to the forest floor. Wood type and decomposition stage had few significant effects on spider assemblages, except that less decayed logs supported higher spider diversity than logs in advanced stages of decay. Dead wood is clearly important for generalist predators such as spiders, further supporting the conservation importance of fallen logs in northern forest ecosystems. © 2006 Springer.

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@ARTICLE { Varady-SzaboBuddle2006,
    AUTHOR = { Varady-Szabo, H. and Buddle, C.M. },
    TITLE = { On the relationships between ground-dwelling spider (Araneae) assemblages and dead wood in a northern sugar maple forest },
    JOURNAL = { Biodiversity and Conservation },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 15 },
    PAGES = { 4119-4141 },
    NUMBER = { 13 },
    NOTE = { 09603115 (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: BONSE doi: 10.1007/s10531-005-3369-5 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Buddle, C.M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus, 21; 111 Lakeshore Road Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: chris.buddle@mcgill.ca References: Bader, P., Jansson, S., Jonsson, B.G., Wood-inhabiting fungi and substratum decline in selectively logged boreal spruce forests (1995) Biol. Conserv., 72, pp. 355-362; Buddle, C.M., Spiders (Araneae) associated with downed woody material in a deciduous forest in central Alberta, Canada (2001) Agric. For. 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    ABSTRACT = { Downed woody material (fallen logs) offers ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) ideal sites for nesting and foraging, but little is known about what characteristics of dead wood influence spider assemblages. In a maple forest of Forillon National Park, in eastern Que?bec (Canada), spider assemblages on, adjacent to, and away from fallen logs were compared. We also tested how log type (coniferous vs. deciduous) and decomposition stage influenced spider assemblages. Sampling was done for an intensive four-week period using both litter samples and pitfall traps. A total of 5613 spiders representing 83 species from 16 families was collected. Spiders were affected by the presence of logs, as both species diversity and total number of individuals collected were significantly higher on the log surface compared to the forest floor. Ordination analysis revealed a distinct compositional difference between the spider fauna found on the wood surface compared to the forest floor. Wood type and decomposition stage had few significant effects on spider assemblages, except that less decayed logs supported higher spider diversity than logs in advanced stages of decay. Dead wood is clearly important for generalist predators such as spiders, further supporting the conservation importance of fallen logs in northern forest ecosystems. © 2006 Springer. },
    KEYWORDS = { Araneae Coarse woody debris Decomposition stage Downed woody material Forest biodiversity },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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