ShikFrancoeurBuddle2005

Reference

Shik, J.Z., Francoeur, A. and Buddle, C.M. (2005) The effect of human activity on ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) richness at the Mont St. Hilaire Biosphere Reserve, Quebec. The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 119(1):38-42.

Abstract

The ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) fauna of the Mont St. Hilaire Biosphere Reserve, Que?bec, was surveyed in 2002 and 2003. Although overall species richness was high, 10 of 40 total ant species collected were limited to anthropogenically disturbed habitats within the reserve. While only 2 of these 10 species (Tetramorium caespitum (L.) and Lasius niger (L.)) can definitively be considered introduced, areas altered by human activity (representing a small fraction of the reserve's total area) possess nearly as many unique species as the reserve's old-growth forest. Although further research will be necessary to determine the consequences of such changes in community structure, this study shows the importance of specifying the extent of biodiversity surveys within protected habitats to more accurately monitor the effectiveness of conservation efforts.

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@ARTICLE { ShikFrancoeurBuddle2005,
    AUTHOR = { Shik, J.Z. and Francoeur, A. and Buddle, C.M. },
    TITLE = { The effect of human activity on ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) richness at the Mont St. Hilaire Biosphere Reserve, Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { The Canadian Field-Naturalist },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 119 },
    PAGES = { 38-42 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 00083550 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CAFNA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Buddle, C.M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus; 21 111 Lakeshore Road Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: chris.buddle@mcgill.ca References: Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J., The influence of overstory trees and abiotic factors on the sapling community in an old-growth Fagus-Acer forest (2002) Ecoscience, 9, pp. 386-396; Bolton, B., The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World (1979) Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology), 38, pp. 129-181; Bolton, B., (1995) A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World, , Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; Brown Jr., W.L., A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African forest ant faunas (1973) Tropical Forest Ecosystems in Africa and South America: A Comparative Review, pp. 161-185. , (Edited by B. J. Meggers, E. S. Ayensu, and W. D. Duckworth). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., USA; Creighton, W.S., The ants of North America (1950) Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 104, pp. 1-585; Francoeur, A., (2000) Document Faunique, No. 1. Entomofaune du Que?bec: Liste des Espe?ces de Fourmis (Formicides, Hymenopteres), 8p. , Corporation Entomofaune du Que?bec, Chicoutimi; Holway, D.A., Lach, L., Suarez, A.V., Tsutsni, N.D., Case, T.J., The causes and consequences of ant invasions (2002) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33, pp. 181-233; Letendre, M., Francoeur, A., Beique, R., Pilon, J.G., Inventaire des fourmis de la station de biologie de l'Universite? de Montre?al, St. Hippolyte, Que?bec (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (1971) Le Naturaliste Canadien, 98, pp. 591-606; Suarez, A.V., Bolger, D.T., Case, T.J., Effects of fragmentation and invasion on native ant communities in coastal southern California (1998) Ecology, 79, pp. 2041-2056; Tschinkel, W.R., Distribution of the fire ants Solenopsis invicta and S. geminate (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in northern Florida in relation to habitat and disturbance (1988) Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 81, pp. 76-81; Wilson, E.O., A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius (1955) Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 113, pp. 1-201. },
    ABSTRACT = { The ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) fauna of the Mont St. Hilaire Biosphere Reserve, Que?bec, was surveyed in 2002 and 2003. Although overall species richness was high, 10 of 40 total ant species collected were limited to anthropogenically disturbed habitats within the reserve. While only 2 of these 10 species (Tetramorium caespitum (L.) and Lasius niger (L.)) can definitively be considered introduced, areas altered by human activity (representing a small fraction of the reserve's total area) possess nearly as many unique species as the reserve's old-growth forest. Although further research will be necessary to determine the consequences of such changes in community structure, this study shows the importance of specifying the extent of biodiversity surveys within protected habitats to more accurately monitor the effectiveness of conservation efforts. },
    KEYWORDS = { Anthropogenic disturbance Ants Hymenoptera: Formicidae Inventory Mont St. Hilaire Old-growth forest Species richness },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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