Saint-GermainBuddleLarriveeEtAl2007

Reference

Saint-Germain, M., Buddle, C.M., Larrivee, M., Mercado, A., Motchula, T., Reichert, E., Sackett, T.E., Sylvain, Z., Webb, A. (2007) Should biomass be considered more frequently as a currency in terrestrial arthropod community analyses? Journal of Applied Ecology, 44(2):330-339.

Abstract

1. Community structure involving large taxonomical groups is frequently used to assess changes in ecosystems along environmental gradients or in response to disturbance. For terrestrial arthropods, abundance is generally used as the response variable in community data analyses; biomass, however, is generally a better indicator of the functionality of a species within a community, as it is strongly correlated with metabolism. 2. In this study, we considered whether biomass should be used more often in community analyses with terrestrial arthropod biodiversity data, particularly when asking questions involving strong functional components. We selected 10 previously published and five unpublished Coleoptera abundance data sets, and produced biomass species-by-sample matrices using body length to body mass conversion equations, and then compared the results obtained using commonly used ecological analyses. 3. Correlations between species abundance and biomass varied from strong to poor, depending on the taxa considered and on the sampling method used. We show that abundance and biomass can produce different results in community data analysis and lead to alternative interpretations for data sets with poor abundance to biomass correlations. 4. Synthesis and applications. When dealing with databases showing poor abundance to biomass relationships, the question of the relevance of using biomass instead of abundance emerges, and the choice of the response variable to be used in analyses should be considered carefully. At the very least, when studying terrestrial arthropod biodiversity, one should consider the use of biomass with simple conversion equations that do not require obtaining the mass of individual specimens. This approach may lead to different interpretations. For research questions in which trophic interactions may play an important role, biomass may provide a broader and more accurate picture of the processes driving changes in community structure. © 2007 The Authors.

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@ARTICLE { Saint-GermainBuddleLarriveeEtAl2007,
    AUTHOR = { Saint-Germain, M. and Buddle, C.M. and Larrivee, M. and Mercado, A. and Motchula, T. and Reichert, E. and Sackett, T.E. and Sylvain, Z. and Webb, A. },
    TITLE = { Should biomass be considered more frequently as a currency in terrestrial arthropod community analyses? },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Applied Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 44 },
    PAGES = { 330-339 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 00218901 (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: JAPEA doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01269.x Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Saint-Germain, M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; 21 111 Lakeshore Road Saint-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. 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    ABSTRACT = { 1. Community structure involving large taxonomical groups is frequently used to assess changes in ecosystems along environmental gradients or in response to disturbance. For terrestrial arthropods, abundance is generally used as the response variable in community data analyses; biomass, however, is generally a better indicator of the functionality of a species within a community, as it is strongly correlated with metabolism. 2. In this study, we considered whether biomass should be used more often in community analyses with terrestrial arthropod biodiversity data, particularly when asking questions involving strong functional components. We selected 10 previously published and five unpublished Coleoptera abundance data sets, and produced biomass species-by-sample matrices using body length to body mass conversion equations, and then compared the results obtained using commonly used ecological analyses. 3. Correlations between species abundance and biomass varied from strong to poor, depending on the taxa considered and on the sampling method used. We show that abundance and biomass can produce different results in community data analysis and lead to alternative interpretations for data sets with poor abundance to biomass correlations. 4. Synthesis and applications. When dealing with databases showing poor abundance to biomass relationships, the question of the relevance of using biomass instead of abundance emerges, and the choice of the response variable to be used in analyses should be considered carefully. At the very least, when studying terrestrial arthropod biodiversity, one should consider the use of biomass with simple conversion equations that do not require obtaining the mass of individual specimens. This approach may lead to different interpretations. For research questions in which trophic interactions may play an important role, biomass may provide a broader and more accurate picture of the processes driving changes in community structure. © 2007 The Authors. },
    KEYWORDS = { Abundance Biodiversity studies Body mass Energetic equivalence rule Species functionality },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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