SackettBuddleVincent2005

Reference

Sackett, T.E., Buddle, C.M. and Vincent, C. (2005) Effect of kaolin on fitness and behavior of Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98(5):1648-1653.

Abstract

The mechanisms by which kaolin, a clay particle film formulation, affects the fitness and behavior of larvae of obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), were investigated. Feeding experiments tested kaolin as a physical barrier versus a physiological toxin for larvae that consumed kaolin applied either to apple (Malus spp.) leaves or mixed in artificial diet. Behavioral experiments tested the effects of kaolin applied to apple leaves on neonate dispersal and leaf rolling by third and fourth instars. When larvae fed on apple leaves sprayed with kaolin, mortality and time to pupation of larvae increased significantly, whereas pupal mass significantly decreased. When larvae consumed kaolin mixed into an artificial diet, however, the effects on mortality, pupation time, and pupal mass were negligible. There may be minor physiological effects from consumption because male time to pupation was delayed for larvae fed diets containing the highest concentration of kaolin. In behavioral experiments, neonate larvae dispersed more quickly off plants covered with kaolin than control plants, and kaolin delayed the construction of leaf shelters by third and fourth instars. We showed that the effects of kaolin on C. rosaceana larvae are primarily physical, causing changes in dispersal and rolling behaviors and as a physical barrier to feeding. © 2005 Entomological Society of America.

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@ARTICLE { SackettBuddleVincent2005,
    AUTHOR = { Sackett, T.E. and Buddle, C.M. and Vincent, C. },
    TITLE = { Effect of kaolin on fitness and behavior of Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Economic Entomology },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 98 },
    PAGES = { 1648-1653 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    NOTE = { 00220493 (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: JEENA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Sackett, T.E.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus; 21,111 Lakeshore Rd. Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada Chemicals/CAS: kaolin, 1332-58-7; Kaolin, 1332-58-7 References: Bostanian, N.J., Dondale, C.D., Binns, M.R., Pitre, D., Effects of pesticide use on spiders (Araneae) in Que?bec apple orchards (1984) Can. Entomol., 116, pp. 663-675; Carrie?re, Y., Larval dispersal from potential hosts within a population of a generalist herbivore, Choristoneura rosaceana (1992) Entomol. Exp. Appl., 65, pp. 11-19; Chapman, P.J., Lienk, S.E., (1971) Tortricid Fauna of Apple in New York, pp. 87-90. , Special publication, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY; Cornell, H.V., Hawkins, B.A., Survival patterns and mortality sources for herbivorous insects: Some demographic trends (1995) Am. Nat., 145, pp. 563-593; Glenn, D.M., Puterka, G.J., Vanderzwet, T., Byers, R.E., Feldhake, C., Hydrophobic particle films: A new paradigm for suppression of arthropod pests and plant diseases (1999) J. Econ. Entomol., 92, pp. 759-771; Knight, A.L., Unruh, T.R., Christianson, B.A., Puterka, G.J., Glenn, D.M., Effects of a kaolin-based particle film on obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (2000) J. Econ. Entomol., 93, pp. 744-749; Knight, A.L., Christianson, B.A., Unruh, T.R., Puterka, G., Glenn, D.M., Impacts of seasonal kaolin particle films on apple pest management (2001) Can. Entomol., 133, pp. 413-428; Li, S.Y., Fitzpatrick, S.M., Troubridge, J.T., Sharkey, M.J., Barron, J.R., O'Hara, J.E., Parasitoids reared from the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) infesting raspberries (1999) Can. Entomol., 131, pp. 399-404; Mazor, M., Erez, A., Processed kaolin protects fruits from Mediterranean fruit fly infestations (2004) Crop Prot., 23, pp. 47-51; Pree, D.J., Whitty, K.J., Pogoda, M.K., Bittner, L.A., Occurrence of resistance to insecticides in populations of the obliquebanded leafroller from orchards (2001) Can. Entomol., 133, pp. 93-103; Puterka, G.J., Glenn, D.M., Sekutowski, D.G., Unruh, T.R., Jones, S.K., Progress toward liquid formulations of particle films for insect and disease control in pear (2000) Environ. Entomol., 29, pp. 329-339; Reissig, W.H., Biology and control of the obliquebanded leafroller on apples (1978) J. Econ. Entomol., 71, pp. 804-809; Reissig, W.H., Stanley, B.H., Hebding, H.E., Azinphosmethyl resistance and weight-related response of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae to insecticides (1986) J. Econ. Entomol., 79, pp. 329-333; (2000) SAS OnlineDoc, Version 8, , SAS Institute, Cary, NC; Shorey, H.H., Hale, R.L., Mass-rearing of nine noctuid species on a simple artificial medium (1965) J. Econ. Entomol., 58, pp. 522-524; Smirle, M.J., Lowery, D.T., Zurowski, C.L., Resistance and cross-resistance to four insecticides in populations of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (2002) J. Econ. Entomol., 95, pp. 820-825; Unruh, T.R., Knight, A.L., Upton, J., Glenn, D.M., Puterka, G.J., Particle films for suppression of the codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple and pear orchards (2000) J. Econ. Entomol., 93, pp. 737-743; Vakenti, J.M., Cossentine, J.E., Cooper, B.E., Sharkey, M.J., Yoshimoto, C.M., Jensen, L.B.M., Host-plant range and parasitoids of obliquebanded and three-lined leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (2001) Can. Entomol., 133, pp. 139-146; Waldstein, D.E., Reissig, W.H., Nyrop, J.P., Larval movement and its potential impact on the management of the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (2001) Can. Entomol., 133, pp. 687-696; Wilkinson, T.K., Landis, D.A., Gut, L.J., Parasitism of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in commercially managed Michigan apple orchards (2004) J. Econ. Entomol., 97, pp. 1524-1530; Wilson, M.J., Clay mineralogical and related characteristics of geophagic materials (2003) J. Chem. Ecol., 29, pp. 1525-1547; Zalucki, M.P., Clarke, A.R., Malcom, S.B., Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera (2002) Annu. Rev. Entomol., 47, pp. 361-393. },
    ABSTRACT = { The mechanisms by which kaolin, a clay particle film formulation, affects the fitness and behavior of larvae of obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), were investigated. Feeding experiments tested kaolin as a physical barrier versus a physiological toxin for larvae that consumed kaolin applied either to apple (Malus spp.) leaves or mixed in artificial diet. Behavioral experiments tested the effects of kaolin applied to apple leaves on neonate dispersal and leaf rolling by third and fourth instars. When larvae fed on apple leaves sprayed with kaolin, mortality and time to pupation of larvae increased significantly, whereas pupal mass significantly decreased. When larvae consumed kaolin mixed into an artificial diet, however, the effects on mortality, pupation time, and pupal mass were negligible. There may be minor physiological effects from consumption because male time to pupation was delayed for larvae fed diets containing the highest concentration of kaolin. In behavioral experiments, neonate larvae dispersed more quickly off plants covered with kaolin than control plants, and kaolin delayed the construction of leaf shelters by third and fourth instars. We showed that the effects of kaolin on C. rosaceana larvae are primarily physical, causing changes in dispersal and rolling behaviors and as a physical barrier to feeding. © 2005 Entomological Society of America. },
    KEYWORDS = { Dispersal Leaf rolling Neonate Obliquebanded leafroller Particle spray Choristoneura rosaceana Lepidoptera Lonchocarpus capassa Malus Malus x domestica Tortricidae },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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