LessardBuddle2005

Reference

Lessard, J.P. and Buddle, C.M. (2005) The effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) associated with the Molson Nature Reserve, Quebec. Canadian Entomologist, 137(2):215-225.

Abstract

Urbanization causes the fragmentation of natural habitats into isolated patches surrounded by anthropogenic habitats. Fragment size and the intensity of human disturbance have been shown to affect both composition and diversity of arthropod communities, but most groups have been understudied. We investigated effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in and around the Molson Reserve, a preserved maple-beech forest surrounded by residential properties near Montre?al, Quebec. We studied how local ant assemblages differed in terms of composition, abundance, and species richness, depending on whether they were situated in the interior forest, in adjacent residential backyards, or at the edge between these two habitats. We also compared an intact forest interior with a younger and moderately disturbed forest ("buffer zone") between the urban matrix and the interior forest. Few differences were detected between the buffer zone and the intact forest interior. Extrapolated estimates of species richness suggest that it is lowest in the forest interior and highest in urban zones. Community composition, as investigated with ordination analysis, revealed a clear difference between the fauna of urban sites and the fauna of edges and forest interiors, and analyzing the relative abundance of ants showed residential backyards to contain the most ants. Urban assemblages were characterized by several competitively dominant species, including one introduced or "tramp" species. The occurrence of aggressive and dominant species in urban sites and at the edges of the Molson Reserve could potentially interfere with the dispersal and immigration of ground-dwelling arthropods and negatively affect local diversity or community composition in isolated forest reserves in urban centres. © 2005 Entomological Society of Canada.

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@ARTICLE { LessardBuddle2005,
    AUTHOR = { Lessard, J.P. and Buddle, C.M. },
    TITLE = { The effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) associated with the Molson Nature Reserve, Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Entomologist },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 137 },
    PAGES = { 215-225 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 0008347X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CAENA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Buddle, C.M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus, 21; 111 Lakeshore Road S.-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: chris.buddle@mcgill.ca References: Alonso, L.E., Agosti, D., Biodiversity studies, monitoring, and ants: An overview (2000) Ants: Standard Methods for Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity, pp. 1-8. , Edited by D. Agosti, J.D. Majer, L.E. Alonso, and T.R. Schultz. 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    ABSTRACT = { Urbanization causes the fragmentation of natural habitats into isolated patches surrounded by anthropogenic habitats. Fragment size and the intensity of human disturbance have been shown to affect both composition and diversity of arthropod communities, but most groups have been understudied. We investigated effects of urbanization on ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in and around the Molson Reserve, a preserved maple-beech forest surrounded by residential properties near Montre?al, Quebec. We studied how local ant assemblages differed in terms of composition, abundance, and species richness, depending on whether they were situated in the interior forest, in adjacent residential backyards, or at the edge between these two habitats. We also compared an intact forest interior with a younger and moderately disturbed forest ("buffer zone") between the urban matrix and the interior forest. Few differences were detected between the buffer zone and the intact forest interior. Extrapolated estimates of species richness suggest that it is lowest in the forest interior and highest in urban zones. Community composition, as investigated with ordination analysis, revealed a clear difference between the fauna of urban sites and the fauna of edges and forest interiors, and analyzing the relative abundance of ants showed residential backyards to contain the most ants. Urban assemblages were characterized by several competitively dominant species, including one introduced or "tramp" species. The occurrence of aggressive and dominant species in urban sites and at the edges of the Molson Reserve could potentially interfere with the dispersal and immigration of ground-dwelling arthropods and negatively affect local diversity or community composition in isolated forest reserves in urban centres. © 2005 Entomological Society of Canada. },
    KEYWORDS = { ant community structure fragmentation urbanization Canada North America Quebec [Canada] Western Hemisphere World Acer Arthropoda Fagus Formicidae Hymenoptera },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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