GrahamBuddleSpence2003

Reference

Graham, A.K., Buddle, C.M. and Spence, J.R. (2003) Habitat affinities of spiders living near a freshwater pond. Journal of Arachnology, 31(1):78-89.

Abstract

Habitat ranges of ground-dwelling spiders were studied by pitfall trapping in and around a freshwater pond during the spring and summer of 1998 in central Alberta, Canada. Sixty species from 14 families were collected, and catches of several species suggested distinct habitat affinities along transects between the pond and adjacent terrestrial habitats. Variation in the catches of Pirata piraticus (Clerck 1757), Pardosa moesta Banks 1892, Pardosa fuscula (Thorell 1875). and immature Pirata species were partially explained by soil moisture at trap locations extending from the shore. We devised a "floating" pitfall trap that captured several species, including mature and immature Dolomedes triton (Walckenaer 1837), Pirata piraticus, and other immature Lycosidae, directly on the water surface. A DCA ordination revealed distinct spider assemblages were associated with three habitat types: 1) the water surface; 2) the moist habitats closely associated with the water's edge; and 3) the drier, terrestrial grassland habitats located >2 m from the shore. A new, more inclusive definition of semi-aquatic spiders was developed, based on knowledge about both male and female activity near the shore, and affinities towards soil moisture. Thus, Pirata piraticus, Dolomedes triton, and Pardosa fuscula were defined as semi-aquatic spiders.

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@ARTICLE { GrahamBuddleSpence2003,
    AUTHOR = { Graham, A.K. and Buddle, C.M. and Spence, J.R. },
    TITLE = { Habitat affinities of spiders living near a freshwater pond },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Arachnology },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 31 },
    PAGES = { 78-89 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 01618202 (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Graham, A.K.; Department of Biological Sciences; University of Alberta Edmonton, Alta. T6G 2E9, Canada References: Bleckmann, H., Lotz, T., The vertebrate catching behaviour of the fishing spider Dolomedes triton (Araneae, Pisauridae) (1987) Animal Behaviour, 35, pp. 641-651; Buddle, C.M., Life history of Pardosa moesta and Pardosa mackenziana (Araneae, Lycosidae) in central Alberta, Canada (2000) Journal of Arachnology, 28, pp. 319-328; Buddle, C.M., Spence, J.R., Langor, D.W., Succession of boreal forest spider assemblages following wildfire and harvesting (2000) Ecography, 23, pp. 424-426; Carico, J.E., The Nearctic species of the genus Dolomedes (Araneae: Pisauridae) (1973) Bulletin. Museum of Comparative Zoology, 144, pp. 435-488; Dondale, C.D., Redner, J.H., (1978) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 5. The Crab Spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Philodromidae and Thomisidae), , Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1663; Dondale, C.D., Redner, J.H., (1982) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 9. The Sac Spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Clubionidae and Anyphaenidae), , Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1724; Dondale, C.D., Redner, J.H., (1990) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 17. The Wolf Spiders, Nursery Web Spiders and Lynx Spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Lycosidae, Pisauridae and Oxyopidae), , Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1858; Dondale, C.D., Redner, J.H., Spiders (Araneae) of six small peatlands in southern Ontario or southwestern Quebec (1994) Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 169, pp. 33-40. , Finnamore, A. T. \& S. A. Marshall (Eds.), Terrestrial Arthropods of Peatlands, with Particular Reference to Canada:289 pp; Heiss, J.S., Meisch, M.V., Spiders (Araneae) associated with rice in Arkansas USA with notes on species compositions of populations (1985) Southwestern Naturalist, 30, pp. 119-128; Huhta, V., Ecology of spiders in the soil and litter of Finnish forests (1965) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 2, pp. 260-308; Huhta, V., Succession in the spider communities of the forest floor after clear-cutting and prescribed burning (1971) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 8, pp. 483-542; Itamies, J., Jarva-Karenlampi, M.L., Wolf spiders (Araneae, Lycosidae) on the bog at Pukkila, central Finland (1989) Memoranda Society Fauna Flora Fennica, 65, pp. 103-108; Jongman, R.H.G., Ter Braak, C.J.K., Van Tongeren, O.F.R., (1995) Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology, , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England; Jordan, F., Jelks, H.L., Kitchens, W.M., Habitat use by the fishing spider Dolomedes triton in a northern everglades wetland (1994) Wetlands, 14, pp. 239-242; Kaston, B.J., Spiders of Connecticut (1981) Connecticut Geological and Natural History Survey, Bulletin No. 70, 70. , State Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford; Koponen, S., Ground-living spiders, opilionids, and pseudoscorpions of peatlands in Quebec (1994) Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 169, pp. 41-60. , Finnamore, A.T. and S.A. Marshall (Eds.), Terrestrial Arthropods of Peatlands, with Particular Reference to Canada:289 pp; McCune, B., Mefford, M.J., (1999) PC-Ord: Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data. Version 4. MjM Software Design, , Gleneden Beach, Oregon; Merritt, R.W., Cummins, K.W., (1996) An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America, , Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co. Dubuque, Iowa; Miall, L.C., (1895) The Natural History of Aquatic Insects, , MacMillan and Co. Publishers, London, England; Niemela?, J., Spence, J.R., Spence, D.H., Habitat associations and seasonal activity of ground-beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in central Alberta (1992) Canadian Entomologist, 124, pp. 521-540; Nørgaard, E., On the ecology of two Lycosid spiders (Pirata piraticus and Lycosa pullata) from a Danish sphagnum bog (1951) Oikos, 3, pp. 1-21; Opell, B.D., Beatty, J.A., The Nearctic Hahniidae (Arachnida: Araneae) (1976) Bulletin. Museum of Comparative Zoology, 147, pp. 393-433; Oraze, M.J., Grigarick, A.A., Biological control of aster leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and midges (Diptera: Chrionomidae) by Pardosa ramulosa (Araneae: Lycosidae) in California rice fields (1989) Journal of Economic Entomology, 82, pp. 745-749; Pajunen, T., Haila, Y., Halme, E., Niemela?, J., Punttila, P., Ground-dwelling spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in fragmented old forests and surrounding managed forests in southern Finland (1995) Ecography, 18, pp. 62-72; Palmgren, P., Studies on the spider populations of the surroundings of the Tvarminne Zoological Station, Finland (1972) Societas Scientarium Fennica, Caommentations Biologicae, 52, pp. 3-133; Platnick, N.I., Dondale, C.D., (1992) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 19. The Ground Spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), , Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1875; Schikora, H.B., Changes in the terrestrial spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae) of a north German raised bog disturbed by human influence. 1964-1965 and 1986-1987: A comparison (1994) Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 169, pp. 61-71. , Finnamore, A. T. \& S. A. Marshall (Eds.), Terrestrial Arthropods of Peatlands, with Particular Reference to Canada:289 pp; Shultz, J.W., Walking and surface film locomotion in terrestrial and semi-aquatic spiders (1987) Journal of Experimental Biology, 128, pp. 427-444; Spence, J.R., Relative impacts of mortality factors in field populations of the waterstrider Gerris buenoi Kirkaldy (Heteroptera: Gerridae) (1986) Oecologia, 70, pp. 68-76; Spence, J.R., Niemela?, J.K., Sampling carabid assemblages with pitfall traps: The madness and the method (1994) Canadian Entomologist, 126, pp. 881-894; Suter, R.B., Walking on water (1999) American Scientist, 87, pp. 154-159; Suter, R.B., Gruenwald, J., Spider size and locomotion on the water surface (Araneae, Pisauridae) (2000) Journal of Arachnology, 28, pp. 300-308; Topping, C.J., Sunderland, K.D., Limitations to the use of pitfall traps in ecological studies exemplified by a study of spiders in a field of winter wheat (1992) Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, pp. 485-491; Uetz, G.W., Unzicker, J.D., Pitfall trapping in ecological studies of wandering spiders (1976) Journal of Arachnology, 3, pp. 101-111; Wallace, H.K., Exline, H., Spiders of the genus Pirata in North America, Central America and the West Indies (Araneae: Lycosidae) (1978) Journal of Arachnology, 5, pp. 1-112; Ward, J.V., (1992) Aquatic Insect Ecology: I. Biology and Habitat, , John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, New York; Zimmermann, M., Spence, J.R., Prey use of the fishing spider Dolomedes triton (Pisauridae, Araneae): An important predator of the neuston community (1989) Oecologia, 80, pp. 187-194; Zimmermann, M., Spence, J.R., Phenology and life-cycle regulation of the fishing spider Dolomedes triton Walckenaer (Araneae, Pisauridae) in central Alberta (1998) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 76, pp. 295-309. },
    ABSTRACT = { Habitat ranges of ground-dwelling spiders were studied by pitfall trapping in and around a freshwater pond during the spring and summer of 1998 in central Alberta, Canada. Sixty species from 14 families were collected, and catches of several species suggested distinct habitat affinities along transects between the pond and adjacent terrestrial habitats. Variation in the catches of Pirata piraticus (Clerck 1757), Pardosa moesta Banks 1892, Pardosa fuscula (Thorell 1875). and immature Pirata species were partially explained by soil moisture at trap locations extending from the shore. We devised a "floating" pitfall trap that captured several species, including mature and immature Dolomedes triton (Walckenaer 1837), Pirata piraticus, and other immature Lycosidae, directly on the water surface. A DCA ordination revealed distinct spider assemblages were associated with three habitat types: 1) the water surface; 2) the moist habitats closely associated with the water's edge; and 3) the drier, terrestrial grassland habitats located >2 m from the shore. A new, more inclusive definition of semi-aquatic spiders was developed, based on knowledge about both male and female activity near the shore, and affinities towards soil moisture. Thus, Pirata piraticus, Dolomedes triton, and Pardosa fuscula were defined as semi-aquatic spiders. },
    KEYWORDS = { Floating pitfall trap Habitat gradient Semi-aquatic Soil moisture Dolomedes triton Pardosa fuscula Pardosa moesta Pirata piraticus },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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