Buddle2001

Reference

Buddle, C.M. (2001) Spiders (Araneae) associated with downed woody material in a deciduous forest in central Alberta, Canada. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 3(4):241-251.

Abstract

1. Spiders (Araneae) were collected on and near downed woody material (DWM) in a Populus-dominated forest to determine if spiders utilize wood surfaces, and to ascertain the importance of DWM habitat and wood elevation for spider assemblages. 2. Over 10 000 spiders representing 100 species were collected. Although more spiders were collected on the forest floor, spider diversity was higher in traps located on wood surfaces than on the forest floor, and 11 species were collected more frequently on wood surfaces. 3. Spiders utilized DWM at different stages in their development. Female Pardosa mackenziana (Keyserling) (Lycosidae) carrying egg sacs were caught most often on the surface of DWM, possibly to sun their egg sacs. Additionally, the proportion of immature spiders was higher on the wood surface than on the forest floor. 4. Spiders collected on logs with and without bark were compared to assemblages collected on telephone poles to assess what features of DWM habitat may be important. Web-building species were seldom collected on telephone poles, suggesting that they depend on the greater habitat complexity provided by DWM. In contrast, hunting spiders did not distinguish between telephone poles and logs. 5. Fewer spiders and a less diverse fauna utilized elevated compared to ground-level wood. Additionally, Detrended Correspondence Analysis revealed that the spider community from elevated wood was distinguishable from the spider community from ground-level wood, and from the forest floor spider community.

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@ARTICLE { Buddle2001,
    AUTHOR = { Buddle, C.M. },
    TITLE = { Spiders (Araneae) associated with downed woody material in a deciduous forest in central Alberta, Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Agricultural and Forest Entomology },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 3 },
    PAGES = { 241-251 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 14619555 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 12 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: AFEGB doi: 10.1046/j.1461-9555.2001.00103.x Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Buddle, C.M.; Department of Zoology; Miami University Oxford, OH 45056, United States; email: buddlec1@muohio.edu References: Amaranthus, M., Trappe, J.M., Bednar, L., Arthur, D., Hypogeous fungal production in mature Douglas-fir forest fragments surrounding plantations its relation to coarse woody debris animal mycophagy (1994) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24, pp. 2157-2165; Angelstam, P., Landscape analysis as a tool for the scientific management of biodiversity (1997) Ecological Bulletins, 46, pp. 140-170; Bowman, J.C., Sleep, D., Forbes, G.J., Edwards, M., The association of small mammals with coarse woody debris and log and stand scales (2000) Forest Ecology and Management, 129, pp. 119-124; Ter Braak, C.J.F., Ordination (1995) Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology, pp. 91-173. , ed. by R. 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    ABSTRACT = { 1. Spiders (Araneae) were collected on and near downed woody material (DWM) in a Populus-dominated forest to determine if spiders utilize wood surfaces, and to ascertain the importance of DWM habitat and wood elevation for spider assemblages. 2. Over 10 000 spiders representing 100 species were collected. Although more spiders were collected on the forest floor, spider diversity was higher in traps located on wood surfaces than on the forest floor, and 11 species were collected more frequently on wood surfaces. 3. Spiders utilized DWM at different stages in their development. Female Pardosa mackenziana (Keyserling) (Lycosidae) carrying egg sacs were caught most often on the surface of DWM, possibly to sun their egg sacs. Additionally, the proportion of immature spiders was higher on the wood surface than on the forest floor. 4. Spiders collected on logs with and without bark were compared to assemblages collected on telephone poles to assess what features of DWM habitat may be important. Web-building species were seldom collected on telephone poles, suggesting that they depend on the greater habitat complexity provided by DWM. In contrast, hunting spiders did not distinguish between telephone poles and logs. 5. Fewer spiders and a less diverse fauna utilized elevated compared to ground-level wood. Additionally, Detrended Correspondence Analysis revealed that the spider community from elevated wood was distinguishable from the spider community from ground-level wood, and from the forest floor spider community. },
    KEYWORDS = { Araneae Coarse woody debris Diversity Downed woody material Habitat complexity Spiders Pardosa mackenziana Populus },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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