BolducBuddleBostanianEtAl2005

Reference

Bolduc, E., Buddle, C.M., Bostanian, N.J. and Vincent, C. (2005) Ground-dwelling spider fauna (Araneae) of two vineyards in southern Quebec. Environmental Entomology, 34(3):635-645.

Abstract

The spider fauna of vineyards in northern parts of North America are completely unknown, even though spiders represent important natural enemies to phytophagous insects occurring in vineyards. Weekly pitfall trapping in 1998 and 1999 in two vineyards in southern Quebec yielded over 4,600 spiders belonging to 97 species and 16 families. Spider assemblages (diversity and community composition) were similar between the two vineyards independent of environmental differences. However, some species-specific patterns were noted when the two vineyards were compared. High landscape diversity, including fallow fields and adjacent apple orchards, is hypothesized to account for a higher abundance of certain agrobiont species in one of the vineyards. Phenological data shows the most abundant linyphiid species, Tennesseellum formicum (Emerton), exhibits high phenotypic variation, and its multivoltine life cycles may be of adaptive importance for vineyards that are frequently disturbed. We also note several other species exhibiting period of peak activity in the spring [e.g., the wolf spiders Pardosa moesta Banks and Trochosa ruricola (De Geer)] or autumn [e.g., the funnel-web spider Agelenopsis potteri (Blackwall)]. Species turnover was high between sample dates, and data on activity and species richness of two guilds (web-building spiders and hunting spiders) indicate that many species that differ in foraging mode are active during all months of the growing season. The diverse ground-dwelling spider fauna in vineyards is therefore well positioned to prey on phyotophagous pests, and their populations should be conserved in these agroecosystems.

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@ARTICLE { BolducBuddleBostanianEtAl2005,
    AUTHOR = { Bolduc, E. and Buddle, C.M. and Bostanian, N.J. and Vincent, C. },
    TITLE = { Ground-dwelling spider fauna (Araneae) of two vineyards in southern Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Entomology },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 34 },
    PAGES = { 635-645 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 0046225X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: EVETB Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Buddle, C.M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences; McGill University; Macdonald Campus; 21,111 Lakeshore Rd. Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada; email: chris.buddle@mcgill.ca References: Bishop, L., Riechert, S.E., Spider colonization of agroecosystems: Mode and source (1990) Environ. Entomol., 19, pp. 1738-1745; Bostanian, N.J., Vincent, C., Goulet, H., Lesage, L., Lasnier, J., Bellemare, J., Mauffette, Y., The arthropod fauna of Quebec vineyards with particuliar reference to phytophagous arthropods (2003) J. Econ. Entomol., 96, pp. 1221-1229; Brown, M.W., Schmitt, J.J., Abraham, B.J., Seasonal and diurnal dynamics of spiders (Araneae) in West Virginia orchards and the effect of orchard management on spider communities (2003) Environ. 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    ABSTRACT = { The spider fauna of vineyards in northern parts of North America are completely unknown, even though spiders represent important natural enemies to phytophagous insects occurring in vineyards. Weekly pitfall trapping in 1998 and 1999 in two vineyards in southern Quebec yielded over 4,600 spiders belonging to 97 species and 16 families. Spider assemblages (diversity and community composition) were similar between the two vineyards independent of environmental differences. However, some species-specific patterns were noted when the two vineyards were compared. High landscape diversity, including fallow fields and adjacent apple orchards, is hypothesized to account for a higher abundance of certain agrobiont species in one of the vineyards. Phenological data shows the most abundant linyphiid species, Tennesseellum formicum (Emerton), exhibits high phenotypic variation, and its multivoltine life cycles may be of adaptive importance for vineyards that are frequently disturbed. We also note several other species exhibiting period of peak activity in the spring [e.g., the wolf spiders Pardosa moesta Banks and Trochosa ruricola (De Geer)] or autumn [e.g., the funnel-web spider Agelenopsis potteri (Blackwall)]. Species turnover was high between sample dates, and data on activity and species richness of two guilds (web-building spiders and hunting spiders) indicate that many species that differ in foraging mode are active during all months of the growing season. The diverse ground-dwelling spider fauna in vineyards is therefore well positioned to prey on phyotophagous pests, and their populations should be conserved in these agroecosystems. },
    KEYWORDS = { Agrobiont spiders Grapes Landscape diversity Natural enemies Phenology community composition landscape structure phenology spider vineyard Canada North America Quebec [Canada] Western Hemisphere World Agelenopsis Agelenopsis potteri Araneae Canis Dipluridae Hexapoda Insecta Linyphiidae Malus x domestica Pardosa Pardosa moesta Tennesseellum formicum Trochosa Trochosa ruricola Vitaceae Vitis sp. },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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