Saint-GermainDrapeauBuddle2009

Reference

Saint-Germain, M., Drapeau, P. and Buddle, C.M. (2009) Landing Patterns of Phloem- and Wood-feeding Coleoptera on Black Spruce of Different Physiological and Decay States. Environmental Entomology, 38(3):797-802.

Abstract

We examined landing patterns of phloeophagous and xylophagous Coleoptera among trees and snags of different physiological and decay states in a pure open-canopy black spruce stand in boreal Canada to study prelanding host selection mechanisms in the absence of nonhost volatiles. Sticky traps were used to capture insects landing oil high- and low-density natural snags (i.e., wood density), girdled trees, living trees, and stovepipe controls. Patterns were generally weak, with high within-group variability in species composition and landing rates. Within-group variability differed between groups, with highest variations in living trees and recent snags. Despite this evidence of frequent landing oil Suboptimal or inappropriate hosts, affinities were detected in most common taxa. Cerambycidae showed preferences for girdled trees. Common species of Scolytinae showed divergent preferences, because Crypturgus borealis Swaine and Dryocoetes autographus (Ratzeburg) were captured more often on high-density natural snags, Polygraphus rufipennis (Kirby) oil girdled trees, and Orthotomicus latidens (LeConte) oil living trees. These observed landing patterns are broadly consistent with current knowledge oil the ecology of these species. Although preferences, and thus prelanding assessment of hosts based oil volatiles, were detected in several species, the numerous landings observed on inappropriate hosts suggest that random landing at close range may be as common in pure stands as what was previously observed in mixed stands.

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@ARTICLE { Saint-GermainDrapeauBuddle2009,
    AUTHOR = { Saint-Germain, M. and Drapeau, P. and Buddle, C.M. },
    TITLE = { Landing Patterns of Phloem- and Wood-feeding Coleoptera on Black Spruce of Different Physiological and Decay States },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Entomology },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 38 },
    PAGES = { 797-802 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    MONTH = { jun },
    AF = { Saint-Germain, M.EOLEOLDrapeau, P.EOLEOLBuddle, C. M. },
    C1 = { [Saint-Germain, M.; Drapeau, P.; Buddle, C. M.] Univ Quebec, Dept Biol Sci, Ctr Forest Res, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada.EOLEOL[Saint-Germain, M.; Drapeau, P.] Univ Quebec, NSERC UQAT UQAM Ind Chair Sustainable Forest Mana, Dept Appl Sci, Rouyn Noranda, PQ J9X 5E4, Canada.EOLEOL[Buddle, C. M.] McGill Univ, Dept Nat Resources Sci, Ste Anne De Bellevue, PQ H9X 3V9, Canada. },
    DE = { Cerambycidae; host selection; primary attraction; Scolytinae;EOLEOLsemiochemicals },
    EM = { michel.saint-germain@mail.mcgill.ca },
    FU = { UQAT-UQAM NSERC ; Fonds Quebecois de la Recherche sur la Nature et lesEOLEOLTechnologies (FQRNT) ; Action Concertees-Fonds forestiers program ;EOLEOLFQRNT PhD scholarship ; FQRNT equipe ; Natural Science and EngineeringEOLEOLResearch Council of Canada (NSERC) },
    FX = { E. Bolduc contributed to field and laboratory work throughout theEOLEOLproject. We thank two anonymous reviewers that positively contributedEOLEOLto this manuscript, as well as the editorial staff involved in theEOLEOLreview process. This research was funded by the UQAT-UQAM NSERCEOLEOLIndustrial Chair in sustainable forest management, the Fonds QuebecoisEOLEOLde la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies (FQRNT), ActionEOLEOLConcertees-Fonds forestiers program (P.D., C.B. and colleagues), FQRNTEOLEOLPhD scholarship (M.S.G.), FQRNT equipe (Drapeau and coll.), FQRNT newEOLEOLresearcher grants (C.B.), and Natural Science and Engineering ResearchEOLEOLCouncil of Canada (NSERC) Discovery grant program to C.B. and P.D.,EOLEOLrespectively. },
    GA = { 454BE },
    J9 = { ENVIRON ENTOMOL },
    JI = { Environ. Entomol. },
    LA = { English },
    NR = { 31 },
    PA = { 10001 DEREKWOOD LANE, STE 100, LANHAM, MD 20706-4876 USA },
    PG = { 6 },
    PI = { LANHAM },
    RP = { Saint-Germain, M, Univ Quebec, Dept Biol Sci, Ctr Forest Res, CPEOLEOL8888,Succ Ctr Ville, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada. },
    SC = { Entomology },
    SN = { 0046-225X },
    TC = { 0 },
    UT = { ISI:000266655800032 },
    ABSTRACT = { We examined landing patterns of phloeophagous and xylophagous Coleoptera among trees and snags of different physiological and decay states in a pure open-canopy black spruce stand in boreal Canada to study prelanding host selection mechanisms in the absence of nonhost volatiles. Sticky traps were used to capture insects landing oil high- and low-density natural snags (i.e., wood density), girdled trees, living trees, and stovepipe controls. Patterns were generally weak, with high within-group variability in species composition and landing rates. Within-group variability differed between groups, with highest variations in living trees and recent snags. Despite this evidence of frequent landing oil Suboptimal or inappropriate hosts, affinities were detected in most common taxa. Cerambycidae showed preferences for girdled trees. Common species of Scolytinae showed divergent preferences, because Crypturgus borealis Swaine and Dryocoetes autographus (Ratzeburg) were captured more often on high-density natural snags, Polygraphus rufipennis (Kirby) oil girdled trees, and Orthotomicus latidens (LeConte) oil living trees. These observed landing patterns are broadly consistent with current knowledge oil the ecology of these species. Although preferences, and thus prelanding assessment of hosts based oil volatiles, were detected in several species, the numerous landings observed on inappropriate hosts suggest that random landing at close range may be as common in pure stands as what was previously observed in mixed stands. },
    KEYWORDS = { BARK BEETLES; SCOLYTUS VENTRALIS; PRIMARY ATTRACTION; FOREST COLEOPTERA; VOLATILES; ETHANOL; TREES; RESPONSES; BEHAVIOR; QUEBEC },
    OWNER = { sobru1 },
    PUBLISHER = { Entomological Soc Amer },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.06.22 },
}

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