DoumaShipleyWitteEtAl2012

Référence

Douma, J.C., Shipley, B., Witte, J.P., Aerts, R. and van Bodegom, P.M. (2012) Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits: revisiting assembly hypotheses. Ecology, 93(4):825-835.

Résumé

Understanding the mechanisms of trait selection at the scale of plant communities is a crucial step toward predicting community assembly. Although it is commonly assumed that disturbance and resource availability constrain separate suites of traits, representing the regenerative and established phases, respectively, a quantification and test of this accepted hypothesis is still lacking due to limitations of traditional statistical techniques. In this paper we quantify, using structural equation modeling (SEM), the relative contributions of disturbance and resource availability to the selection of suites of traits at the community scale. Our model specifies and reflects previously obtained ecological insights, taking disturbance and nutrient availability as central drivers affecting leaf, allometric, seed, and phenology traits in 156 (semi-) natural plant communities throughout The Netherlands. The common hypothesis positing that disturbance and resource availability each affect a set of mutually independent traits was not consistent with the data. Instead, our final model shows that most traits are strongly affected by both drivers. In addition, trait-trait constraints are more important in community assembly than environmental drivers in half of the cases. Both aspects of trait selection are crucial for correctly predicting ecosystem processes and community assembly, and they provide new insights into hitherto underappreciated ecological interactions.

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@ARTICLE { DoumaShipleyWitteEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Douma, J.C. and Shipley, B. and Witte, J.P. and Aerts, R. and van Bodegom, P.M. },
    TITLE = { Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits: revisiting assembly hypotheses },
    JOURNAL = { Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 93 },
    PAGES = { 825-835 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { Understanding the mechanisms of trait selection at the scale of plant communities is a crucial step toward predicting community assembly. Although it is commonly assumed that disturbance and resource availability constrain separate suites of traits, representing the regenerative and established phases, respectively, a quantification and test of this accepted hypothesis is still lacking due to limitations of traditional statistical techniques. In this paper we quantify, using structural equation modeling (SEM), the relative contributions of disturbance and resource availability to the selection of suites of traits at the community scale. Our model specifies and reflects previously obtained ecological insights, taking disturbance and nutrient availability as central drivers affecting leaf, allometric, seed, and phenology traits in 156 (semi-) natural plant communities throughout The Netherlands. The common hypothesis positing that disturbance and resource availability each affect a set of mutually independent traits was not consistent with the data. Instead, our final model shows that most traits are strongly affected by both drivers. In addition, trait-trait constraints are more important in community assembly than environmental drivers in half of the cases. Both aspects of trait selection are crucial for correctly predicting ecosystem processes and community assembly, and they provide new insights into hitherto underappreciated ecological interactions. },
    KEYWORDS = { Ecosystem Models, Biological Netherlands Plant Leaves Plants/ classification/ growth & development Population Dynamics },
    OWNER = { amriv2 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.08.27 },
}

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